The South Asia Inscriptions Database
Records: 8

Impression of an oval seal, clearly marked by a border. The upper field (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an effigy of Garuḍa facing front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled aroung his neck.

Materialsclay, terracotta
Formfragment of seal
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Nālandā
    Date
    1927-29
  • Event Type
    Stored
    Place
    Archaeological Museum, Nalanda
Inscriptions
  1. 8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated from photo.

An oval seal. The upper field, separated by a double horizontal line, is occupied by an effigy of Garuḍa. This first specimen is better preserved than the second (%O-0047), but nonetheless fragmentary. The proper right half is lost, and the seal is also damaged at the top and bottom of the extant fragment.

Materialsclay, terracotta
Formfragment of seal
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Stored
    Place
    Archaeological Museum, Nalanda
Inscriptions
  1. The beginning of each line is lost, and the first and last lines are damaged. Campus size estimated from photo.

An oval seal, clearly marked by a border. The upper field (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an effigy of Garuḍa facing front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled aroung his neck.

Materialsclay, terracotta
Formfragment of seal
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Nālandā
    Date
    1927-29
  • Event Type
    Stored
    Place
    Archaeological Museum, Nalanda
Inscriptions
  1. 8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated.

An oval seal. The upper field, separated by a double horizontal line, is occupied by an effigy of Garuḍa. This second specimen is less well preserved than the first  (%O-0046). The proper right half is lost along with about the upper one third of the proper left half.

Materialsclay, terracotta
Formfragment of seal
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Nālandā
    Date
    1927-29
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Archaeological Museum, Nalanda
Inscriptions
  1. The beginning of each line is lost; the extant part is progressively larger in each subsequent line. Campus size estimated.

About half of the original oval seal (split vertically; the proper left remains). The upper field of the seal, separated by a double horizontal line, is occupied by an effigy of Garuḍa. To his proper left is a small disc that may be the Sun (on similar seals, the Sun is to Garuḍa's proper right, and a crescent Moon is on his left).

Materialsclay, terracotta
Formfragment of seal
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Nālandā
    Date
    1927-28
  • Event Type
    Stored
    Place
    Archaeological Museum, Nalanda
Inscriptions
  1. The beginning of each line is lost. The eight lines of the inscription are increasingly defaced (perhaps because the top part of the seal had been pressed more strongly). The characters of the last three lines are also smaller than those above.

A triangular fragment; the width figure above is for the base. The original seal was oval.

Materialsclay, terracotta
Formfragment of seal
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Nālandā
    Date
    1927-28
  • Event Type
    Stored
    Place
    Archaeological Museum, Nalanda
Inscriptions
  1. Contains five lines; the first with just one extant character, while the last seems complete. Any number of lines above the present first line may have been lost, as well as a device above the inscription. Given its similarity to other Gupta seals from Nālandā, the original may have held 8 lines. The text is in relief.

A roughly triangular fragment, consisting of most of the bottom proper left quarter of the original oval seal. The extant part bears only text, no imagery. Size figures are approximate; all published sources give the lengths of the sides of the "triangle" as 3 by 2.5 by 2.375 inches. Height and width are my estimates from these figures.

Materialsclay, terracotta
Formfragment of seal
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Nālandā
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Date
    1927-28
  • Event Type
    Stored
    Place
    Archaeological Museum, Nalanda
Inscriptions
  1. Four lines of writing are preserved at the bottom of the seal. Campus size estimated from photo.

A single copper plate inscribed on one side only. The plate weighs 525 grams in its present state. Found without an attached seal.

Materialsmetal, copper alloy
Formplate
Event History
  • Event Type
    Created
    Place
    Ānandapura
  • Event Type
    Recorded
    Place
    Nālandā
    Date
    1927-28
  • Event Type
    Stored
    Place
    India Museum, Calcutta
    Date
    1983
Inscriptions
  1. Damaged in lines 4 to 7, particularly 7. The inscription fills most of the surface of the plate, with some margin on the proper right. Inscribed area dimensions estimated on the basis of plate size.