The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Lomasa Risi Cave on Barabar Hill

The cave is on the southern side of Barābar Hill. Its façade is sculpted to resemble the front of a wooden candraśālā hut. For further details of the monument see #ASIR_01:46-47. Anantavarman's inscription (%IN00152) is on the recessed part of the façade, on a smooth vertical wall just above the doorway. There are also several short inscriptions in various places in and around the cave, their locations unclear, in characters of this period or slightly later (there is apparently no Aśokan inscription in this cave). One of these inscriptions is immediately below Anantavarman's praśasti above on the doorway; it seems to read vodhimūla(ḥ) kleśakāntāra[#ḥ]. This is dimly visible on the photo IN00152-02.jpg, and is reproduced in #Prinsep_1837a (plate 36 No. 21 and 20, or perhaps 18 and 19), as well as in #ASIR_01 (plate 20 No. 15). Prinsep and Cunningham take the two words as two independent inscriptions. Both words occur in multiple places around the Barabar caves, and elsewhere one may occur without the other. This should be ascertained by a careful look at the site.

Object URI
275cm width x86-106cm depth
Notes and provenance
"The slab contains two inscriptions, one dating to the time of the Maurya Emperor Aśoka and the second to a Vākāṭaka ruler called Rudrasena, although there is some debate over whether this is Rudrasena I or Rudrasena II. (Shastri p. 4) According to Mirashi, the inscription records the construction of a temple (p. 2) whilst Shastri argues that the inscription records the construction of a ‘court of justice’. (Shastri, pp. 4-5) Both the Aśokan period and Rudrasena inscriptions refer to the locality of the inscriptions as Chikumburi/Chikkamburi which suggests that the region flourished from at least the Aśokan era to the early Vākāṭaka rule. Shastri states that Hiralal has identified the site of Chikumburi/Chikkamburi with the village of Chikmārā. (Shastri, p. 5) Although the inscription is not dated, Mirashi states that this is the earliest known Vākāṭaka inscription (p. 3).
History details
Discovered for scholarship about 1785 by J. H. Harrington on Barābar Hill (25.005590, 85.065541) near the village of Panāri in Gaya District, Bihar.
Event Type
in situ
Event Place Uncertain