The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Aphsad Inscription of Adityasena

Object Reference
Inscription URI
IN00209
Object URI
OB00194

Basic Metadata

Extent
85 cm width x 45 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class, kuṭila type
Script size
0.8-1.1
Date (min)
650
Date (max)
699
Date comments
Basis of dating: conjecture, reign of Ādityasena.
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<titleStmt>
<title>Aphsad Inscription of Adityasena</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00209</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Aphsad Stone of Adityasena</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00194</idno>
<repository>British Museum (item number 1880.144)</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / unspecified</material>
<objectType>slab</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>90</width>
<height>50</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A flat slab; thickness not reported. The inscription covers almost the entire front, except for a slightly raised rim 2-2.5 cm wide on all sides. The bottom left corner is broken off and lost.</p>
</support>
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<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>85</width>
<height>45</height>
</dimensions>
<p>28 inscribed lines, which cover all of the stone's front surface except for a raised rim about 2-2.5 cm wide on all sides. The bottom left corner is broken off, and parts of the surface, especially near the centre, are badly weathered (or was the stone used for grinding?), but most of the inscription is very legible.</p>
</layout>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">0.8-1.1</height>
<p>northern class, kuṭila type</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by Markham Kittoe sometime before 1850 in Aphsaḍ (or Aphsaṇḍ, also called Jāfarpur, possibly 25.067796, 85.671393, said to be near the right bank of the Sakarī river about 24 km northeast of Nawādā in Gaya District). He apparently produced a Devanagari transcript and a eubbing of the inscription and removed the stone from its findspot with the intention to study and restore it, then install it on a pedestal near the Varāha image in Aphsad. Cunningham could not find the stone in 1860-61, but Kittoe's rubbing was found by Beglar in a box in the Bengal Asiatic Society's library, sometime before 1882. The stone was probably one of the items transferred to the British Museum in 1880.</p>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><ab><lb n="1" /><g type="mangala" /></ab>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>āsīd danti-sahasra-gāḍha-kaṭako vidyādharādhyāsitaḥ</l>
<l>sad-vaṃśaḥ sthira unnato girir iva śrī-kṛṣṇagupto nṛpaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>dṛptārāti-madāndha-vāraṇa-ghaṭā-kumbha-sthalīḥ kṣundatā</l>
<l>yasyāsaṃkhya-ripu-pratāpa-jayinā doṣṇā mṛgendrāyitaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>sakalaḥ kalaṅka-rahitaḥ <lb n="2" />kṣata-timiras toyadheḥ śaśāṅka iva|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>tasmād udapādi suto devaḥ śrī-harṣagupta iti||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yo yogyā-kāla-helāvanata-dṛḍha-dhanur-bhīma-<sic>v</sic>āṇaugha-pātī</l>
<l>mūrt<unclear>t</unclear>aiḥ sva-svāmi-lakṣmī-vasati-vimukhitair īkṣitaḥ sāsrupātaṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ghorāṇām ā<lb break="no" n="3" />havānāṃ likhitam iva jayaṃ ślāghyam āvirddadhāno</l>
<l>vakṣasy uddāma-śastra-vraṇa-kaṭhina-kiṇa-granthi-lekhā-cchalena||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śrī-jīvitagupto bhūt kṣitīśa-cūḍāmaṇiḥ sutas tasya|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yo dṛpta-vairi-nārī-mukha-nalina-vanaika-<choice><sic>śeśe</sic><corr>śiśi</corr></choice>ra-karaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><lb n="4" />muktāmukta-payaḥ-pravāha-śiśirāsūttuṅga-tālīvana-</l>
<l>bhrāmyad-danti-karāvalūna-kadalī-kāṇḍāsu velāsv api |</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ścyotat-sphāra-tuṣāra-nirjhara-payaḥ-śīte pi śaile sthitān</l>
<l>yasyoccair dviṣato mumoca <lb n="5" />na mahā-ghoraḥ pratāpa-jvaraḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="6">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yasyātimānuṣaṃ karmma dṛśyate vismayāj janaughena|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>adyāpi kośa-varddhana-taṭāt p<unclear>l</unclear>utaṃ pavana-jasyeva||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="7">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>prakhyāta-śaktim ājiṣu puraḥ-saraṃ śrī-kumā<lb break="no" n="6" />raguptam iti|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ajanayad ekaṃ sa nṛpo hara iva śikhi-vāhanaṃ tanayaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="8">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>utsarppad-vāta-helā-calita-kadalikā-vīci-mālā-vitānaḥ</l>
<l>prodyad-dhūlī-jalaugha-bhramita-guru-mahā-matta-<lb n="7" />mātaṃga-śailaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>bhīmaḥ śrīśānavarmma-kṣitipati-śaśinaḥ sainya-dugdhoda-sindhur</l>
<l>llakṣmī-saṃprāpti-hetuḥ sapadi vimathito mandarī-bhūya yena||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="9">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śaurya-satya-vrata-dharo</l><l>yaḥ prayāga-gato dha<lb break="no" n="8" />ne</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ambhasīva karīṣāgnau</l><l>magnaḥ sa puṣpa-pūjitaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="10">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śrī-dāmodaragupto bhūt</l><l>tanayas tasya bhūpateḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yena dāmodareṇeva</l><l>daityā iva hatā dviṣaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="11">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yo maukhareḥ samitiṣūddha<lb break="no" n="9" />ta-hūṇa-sainyā</l>
<l>valgad-ghaṭā vighaṭayann uru-vāraṇānāṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>saṃmūrcchitaḥ sura-vadh<choice><sic>u</sic><corr>ū</corr></choice>r varaya<choice><sic>ṃ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice> mam eti</l>
<l>tat-pāṇ<unclear>i</unclear>paṅkaja-sukha-sparśād vi<sic>v</sic>uddhaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="12">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>guṇavad-<supplied reason="omitted">d</supplied>vija-kanyānā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> nān-ālaṃkāra-yauvana<lb break="no" n="10" />vatīnāṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>pariṇāyitavān sa nṛpaḥ śataṃ nisṛṣṭ-āgrahārāṇāṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="13">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ś<unclear>rī</unclear>-mahāsenagupto bhūt</l><l>tasmād vīrāgraṇī<unclear>ḥ</unclear> sutaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>sarvva-vīra-samājeṣu</l><l>lebhe yo dhuri vīratā<unclear>ṃ</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="14">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śr<unclear>ī</unclear>mat-susthitavarmma-yuddha-vijaya-<lb n="11" />ślāghā-padāṅkaṃ muhur</l>
<l>yasyādyāpi vi<sic>v</sic>uddha-kunda-kumuda-kṣu<unclear>ṇṇ</unclear>-āccha-hāra<seg met="."><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>ta<unclear>ṃ</unclear>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>lohityasya taṭ<unclear>e</unclear>ṣu ś<unclear>ī</unclear>tala-tal<unclear>e</unclear>ṣūtph<unclear>u</unclear>l<unclear>l</unclear>a-nāgadr<unclear>u</unclear>ma-</l>
<l>cchāyā-supta-vi<sic>v</sic>uddha-s<unclear>i</unclear>ddha-m<unclear>i</unclear>thun<unclear>ai</unclear>ḥ sph<unclear>ī</unclear>taṃ yaśo gīyate||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="15">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>vasudevā<lb break="no" n="12" />d iva tasmāc chrī-s<unclear>e</unclear>vana-<unclear cert="low">śo</unclear>bh<unclear>o</unclear>dita-caraṇa-yugaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>śrī-mādhava-gupto bhūn mādhava iva vikramaika-rasa<unclear>ḥ</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="16">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><seg met="===."><gap quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear>#a</unclear>nusm<unclear>ṛ</unclear>to dhuri raṇ<unclear>e</unclear> ślāghāvatām agraṇ<unclear>ī</unclear>ḥ</l>
<l>s<choice><sic>o</sic><corr>au</corr></choice>janyasya nidhānam artha-ni<choice><sic>dha</sic><corr>ca</corr></choice><lb break="no" n="13" />ya-tyāg-o<supplied reason="omitted">d</supplied>dhurāṇāṃ dhara<unclear>ḥ</unclear>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>lakṣm<unclear>ī</unclear>-sa<unclear>tya-sa</unclear>rasvatī-kulagṛha<unclear>ṃ</unclear> dharmasya setur dṛḍhaḥ</l>
<l><unclear cert="low">pūjyo</unclear> nās<unclear>t</unclear>i sa bh<unclear>ū</unclear>tal<unclear>e</unclear> <seg met="...===."><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>l<seg met="="><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> sad-guṇ<unclear>aiḥ</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="17">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>cakra<unclear>ṃ</unclear> pāṇi-talena so py udavahat tasyāpi śārṅga<unclear>ṃ</unclear> dhanu<lb break="no" n="14" />r</l>
<l>nāśāyāsuhṛdā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> sukhāya suhṛdām tasyāpy asir nandakaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>prāpte vidviṣatāṃ vadhe pratihat<unclear>aṃ</unclear> tenāp<unclear>i</unclear> <seg met="==.*"><gap quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l><seg met="==..=.="><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear cert="low">ḍharima</unclear><seg met="=="><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>nyāḥ praṇemur jjanāḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="18">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ājau mayā vinihatā va<lb break="no" n="15" />lino dviṣan<unclear>taḥ</unclear></l>
<l>kṛtya<unclear>ṃ</unclear> na m<supplied reason="undefined">e</supplied> sty aparam ity avadhārya vīraḥ<unclear>|</unclear></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>śrī-harṣadeva-nija-sa<unclear>ṃ</unclear>gama-vāñchayā <unclear cert="low">ca</unclear></l>
<l><seg met="==.=...=..=.=*"><gap quantity="14" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear>||</unclear></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="19">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ś<unclear>r</unclear>īmān <sic>v</sic>abhūva dalitāri-karīndra-kumbha-</l>
<l>muktā-rajaḥ-<lb n="16" />paṭala-pāṃsula-maṇḍalāgraḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ādityasena iti tat-tanayaḥ kṣitīśa-</l>
<l>cūḍāmaṇ<unclear>i</unclear>r dda<seg met="..=..=.=*"><gap quantity="9" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear>||</unclear></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="20">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><seg met="===..=."><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> m āgatam ari-dhvaṃsottham āptaṃ yaśaḥ</l>
<l>ślāghyaṃ <lb n="17" />sarvva-dhanuṣmatāṃ pura iti ślāgh<unclear>ā</unclear>ṃ parāṃ <sic>v</sic>ibhratī|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>āśīrvvāda-paraṃparā <unclear cert="low">ci</unclear>ra-sa<unclear cert="low">kṛ</unclear>d<seg met="==.==.*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l><seg met="==.==.*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> yāmāsa<unclear cert="low">ma</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="21">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ājau sveda-cchalena dhva<lb break="no" n="18" />ja-paṭa-śikhayā mārjjato dāna-paṅkaṃ</l>
<l>khaḍgaṃ kṣuṇṇena muktā-śakala-sikatil<unclear cert="low">īkṛtya</unclear><seg met="==.=*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><seg met="====.==......="><gap quantity="14" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> mat<unclear>t</unclear>a-māta<unclear>ṃ</unclear>ga-ghātaṃ</l>
<l>tad-gandhākṛṣṭa-sarppad-<sic>va</sic><lb break="no" n="19" />hala-parimala-bhrā<choice><sic>t</sic><corr>n</corr></choice>ta-mattāli-jālaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="22">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ā<sic>v</sic>addha-bhīma-vikaṭa-bhrukuṭī-kaṭhora-</l>
<l>sa<unclear>ṃ</unclear>g<unclear>r</unclear>āma<seg met="=...=..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><seg met="==.=.."><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>va-vallabha-bhṛtya-vargga-</l>
<l>goṣṭhīṣu peśa<lb break="no" n="20" />latayā parihāsa-śīlaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="23">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>satya-bhattṛ-vratā yasya</l><l>mukhopadh<unclear>ā</unclear>na-tāpasī|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>par<unclear>i</unclear>hās<seg met="*.==*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l><l><seg met="****.=.*"><gap quantity="8" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="24">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><seg met="====.="><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>jñaḥ sakala-ripu-<sic>v</sic>ala-dhvaṃsa-hetur ggarī<lb break="no" n="21" />yān</l>
<l>nistriṃśotkhāta-ghāta-śrama-janita-jaḍo py ūrjjita-sva-pratāpaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yuddhe matt-ebha-kumbha-stha<unclear>la</unclear><seg met="....==.==.=*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l><seg met="=="><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> śv<unclear>e</unclear>tātapattra-sthagita-vasumatī-maṇḍalo lo<lb break="no" n="22" />ka-pālaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="25">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ājau matta-gajendra-kumbha-dalana-sphīta-sphurad-dor-yugo</l>
<l>dhvastā<unclear cert="low">neka</unclear>-ripu-prabhāva-v<seg met="..==="><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> yaśo-maṇḍalaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>nyastāśeśa-narendra-mauli-caraṇa-sphāra-pratāpāna<lb break="no" n="23" />lo</l>
<l>lakṣmīvān samarābhimāna-vimala-prakhyāta-kīrttir nṛpaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="26">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yen eyaṃ śarad-indu-<sic>v</sic>im<sic>v</sic>a-dhavalā prakhyāta-bhūmaṇḍalā</l>
<l>lakṣmī-saṃgama-kāṃkṣayā su-mahatī kīrttiś ciraṃ kopitā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yātā sā<lb break="no" n="24" />gara-pāram adbhutatamā sāpatnya-vairād aho</l>
<l>ten edaṃ bhavanottamaṃ kṣiti-bhujā viṣṇoḥ kṛte kāritaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="27">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>taj-jananyā mahādevyā</l><l>śrīmatyā kārito maṭhaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>dhārmikebhyaḥ svayaṃ dattaḥ</l><l>sura-lo<lb break="no" n="25" />ka-gṛhopamaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="28">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śaṃkhendu-sphaṭika-prabhā-pratisama-sphāra-sphurac-chīkaraṃ</l>
<l>nakra-krānti-calat-taraṅga-vilasat-pakṣi-pranṛtyat-timi|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>rājñyā khānitam adbhutaṃ su-tapasā pepīyamānaṃ <lb n="26" />janais</l>
<l>tasyaiva priya-bhāryayā narapateḥ śrī-koṇadevyā saraḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="29">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yāvac candra-kalā harasya śirasi śrīḥ śārṅgino vakṣasi</l>
<l><sic>v</sic>rahmāsye ca sarasvatī kṛta-<lb n="27" /><seg met=".===.==.*"><gap quantity="9" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><supplied reason="lost">bh</supplied><unclear>o</unclear><supplied reason="lost">g</supplied><unclear>e</unclear> bhūr bhujagādhipasya ca taḍid yāvad ghanasyodare</l>
<l>tāvat kīrttim ihātanoti dhavalām ādityaseno nṛpaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="27">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>sūkṣmaśivena gauḍena</l><l>praśastir vvikaṭākṣarā||</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><lb n="28" /><seg met="***"><gap quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear cert="low">mā</unclear>mitā samyag</l><l>dhārmmikeṇa sudhīmatā||</l>
</lg></lg>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>
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Bibliography description
First reported in #Cunningham_1864:xxxviii-xxxix, reprinted in #ASIR_01:40. (There may be an earlier report by Kittoe but this has not been traced.) Transcript (as produced by Kittoe) and translation in #Mitra_1866:272-277. Correction by Cunningham in #ASIR_15:11 and by Bhagwanlal Indraji in #ASIR_16:79. Discussion and details of the object's modern history in #Willis_2005, particularly p149 and n91.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
42
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1552
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
2/I.9
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
II.2
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XML Plain
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<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
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<teiHeader>
<fileDesc>
<titleStmt>
<title>Aphsad Inscription of Adityasena</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00209</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Aphsad Stone of Adityasena</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00194</idno>
<repository>British Museum (item number 1880.144)</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / unspecified</material>
<objectType>slab</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>90</width>
<height>50</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A flat slab; thickness not reported. The inscription covers almost the entire front, except for a slightly raised rim 2-2.5 cm wide on all sides. The bottom left corner is broken off and lost.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>85</width>
<height>45</height>
</dimensions>
<p>28 inscribed lines, which cover all of the stone's front surface except for a raised rim about 2-2.5 cm wide on all sides. The bottom left corner is broken off, and parts of the surface, especially near the centre, are badly weathered (or was the stone used for grinding?), but most of the inscription is very legible.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">0.8-1.1</height>
<p>northern class, kuṭila type</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by Markham Kittoe sometime before 1850 in Aphsaḍ (or Aphsaṇḍ, also called Jāfarpur, possibly 25.067796, 85.671393, said to be near the right bank of the Sakarī river about 24 km northeast of Nawādā in Gaya District). He apparently produced a Devanagari transcript and a eubbing of the inscription and removed the stone from its findspot with the intention to study and restore it, then install it on a pedestal near the Varāha image in Aphsad. Cunningham could not find the stone in 1860-61, but Kittoe's rubbing was found by Beglar in a box in the Bengal Asiatic Society's library, sometime before 1882. The stone was probably one of the items transferred to the British Museum in 1880.</p>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><ab><lb n="1" /><g type="mangala" /></ab>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>āsīd danti-sahasra-gāḍha-kaṭako vidyādharādhyāsitaḥ</l>
<l>sad-vaṃśaḥ sthira unnato girir iva śrī-kṛṣṇagupto nṛpaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>dṛptārāti-madāndha-vāraṇa-ghaṭā-kumbha-sthalīḥ kṣundatā</l>
<l>yasyāsaṃkhya-ripu-pratāpa-jayinā doṣṇā mṛgendrāyitaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>sakalaḥ kalaṅka-rahitaḥ <lb n="2" />kṣata-timiras toyadheḥ śaśāṅka iva|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>tasmād udapādi suto devaḥ śrī-harṣagupta iti||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yo yogyā-kāla-helāvanata-dṛḍha-dhanur-bhīma-<sic>v</sic>āṇaugha-pātī</l>
<l>mūrt<unclear>t</unclear>aiḥ sva-svāmi-lakṣmī-vasati-vimukhitair īkṣitaḥ sāsrupātaṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ghorāṇām ā<lb break="no" n="3" />havānāṃ likhitam iva jayaṃ ślāghyam āvirddadhāno</l>
<l>vakṣasy uddāma-śastra-vraṇa-kaṭhina-kiṇa-granthi-lekhā-cchalena||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śrī-jīvitagupto bhūt kṣitīśa-cūḍāmaṇiḥ sutas tasya|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yo dṛpta-vairi-nārī-mukha-nalina-vanaika-<choice><sic>śeśe</sic><corr>śiśi</corr></choice>ra-karaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><lb n="4" />muktāmukta-payaḥ-pravāha-śiśirāsūttuṅga-tālīvana-</l>
<l>bhrāmyad-danti-karāvalūna-kadalī-kāṇḍāsu velāsv api |</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ścyotat-sphāra-tuṣāra-nirjhara-payaḥ-śīte pi śaile sthitān</l>
<l>yasyoccair dviṣato mumoca <lb n="5" />na mahā-ghoraḥ pratāpa-jvaraḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="6">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yasyātimānuṣaṃ karmma dṛśyate vismayāj janaughena|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>adyāpi kośa-varddhana-taṭāt p<unclear>l</unclear>utaṃ pavana-jasyeva||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="7">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>prakhyāta-śaktim ājiṣu puraḥ-saraṃ śrī-kumā<lb break="no" n="6" />raguptam iti|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ajanayad ekaṃ sa nṛpo hara iva śikhi-vāhanaṃ tanayaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="8">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>utsarppad-vāta-helā-calita-kadalikā-vīci-mālā-vitānaḥ</l>
<l>prodyad-dhūlī-jalaugha-bhramita-guru-mahā-matta-<lb n="7" />mātaṃga-śailaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>bhīmaḥ śrīśānavarmma-kṣitipati-śaśinaḥ sainya-dugdhoda-sindhur</l>
<l>llakṣmī-saṃprāpti-hetuḥ sapadi vimathito mandarī-bhūya yena||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="9">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śaurya-satya-vrata-dharo</l><l>yaḥ prayāga-gato dha<lb break="no" n="8" />ne</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ambhasīva karīṣāgnau</l><l>magnaḥ sa puṣpa-pūjitaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="10">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śrī-dāmodaragupto bhūt</l><l>tanayas tasya bhūpateḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yena dāmodareṇeva</l><l>daityā iva hatā dviṣaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="11">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yo maukhareḥ samitiṣūddha<lb break="no" n="9" />ta-hūṇa-sainyā</l>
<l>valgad-ghaṭā vighaṭayann uru-vāraṇānāṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>saṃmūrcchitaḥ sura-vadh<choice><sic>u</sic><corr>ū</corr></choice>r varaya<choice><sic>ṃ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice> mam eti</l>
<l>tat-pāṇ<unclear>i</unclear>paṅkaja-sukha-sparśād vi<sic>v</sic>uddhaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="12">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>guṇavad-<supplied reason="omitted">d</supplied>vija-kanyānā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> nān-ālaṃkāra-yauvana<lb break="no" n="10" />vatīnāṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>pariṇāyitavān sa nṛpaḥ śataṃ nisṛṣṭ-āgrahārāṇāṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="13">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ś<unclear>rī</unclear>-mahāsenagupto bhūt</l><l>tasmād vīrāgraṇī<unclear>ḥ</unclear> sutaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>sarvva-vīra-samājeṣu</l><l>lebhe yo dhuri vīratā<unclear>ṃ</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="14">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śr<unclear>ī</unclear>mat-susthitavarmma-yuddha-vijaya-<lb n="11" />ślāghā-padāṅkaṃ muhur</l>
<l>yasyādyāpi vi<sic>v</sic>uddha-kunda-kumuda-kṣu<unclear>ṇṇ</unclear>-āccha-hāra<seg met="."><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>ta<unclear>ṃ</unclear>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>lohityasya taṭ<unclear>e</unclear>ṣu ś<unclear>ī</unclear>tala-tal<unclear>e</unclear>ṣūtph<unclear>u</unclear>l<unclear>l</unclear>a-nāgadr<unclear>u</unclear>ma-</l>
<l>cchāyā-supta-vi<sic>v</sic>uddha-s<unclear>i</unclear>ddha-m<unclear>i</unclear>thun<unclear>ai</unclear>ḥ sph<unclear>ī</unclear>taṃ yaśo gīyate||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="15">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>vasudevā<lb break="no" n="12" />d iva tasmāc chrī-s<unclear>e</unclear>vana-<unclear cert="low">śo</unclear>bh<unclear>o</unclear>dita-caraṇa-yugaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>śrī-mādhava-gupto bhūn mādhava iva vikramaika-rasa<unclear>ḥ</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="16">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><seg met="===."><gap quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear>#a</unclear>nusm<unclear>ṛ</unclear>to dhuri raṇ<unclear>e</unclear> ślāghāvatām agraṇ<unclear>ī</unclear>ḥ</l>
<l>s<choice><sic>o</sic><corr>au</corr></choice>janyasya nidhānam artha-ni<choice><sic>dha</sic><corr>ca</corr></choice><lb break="no" n="13" />ya-tyāg-o<supplied reason="omitted">d</supplied>dhurāṇāṃ dhara<unclear>ḥ</unclear>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>lakṣm<unclear>ī</unclear>-sa<unclear>tya-sa</unclear>rasvatī-kulagṛha<unclear>ṃ</unclear> dharmasya setur dṛḍhaḥ</l>
<l><unclear cert="low">pūjyo</unclear> nās<unclear>t</unclear>i sa bh<unclear>ū</unclear>tal<unclear>e</unclear> <seg met="...===."><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>l<seg met="="><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> sad-guṇ<unclear>aiḥ</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="17">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>cakra<unclear>ṃ</unclear> pāṇi-talena so py udavahat tasyāpi śārṅga<unclear>ṃ</unclear> dhanu<lb break="no" n="14" />r</l>
<l>nāśāyāsuhṛdā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> sukhāya suhṛdām tasyāpy asir nandakaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>prāpte vidviṣatāṃ vadhe pratihat<unclear>aṃ</unclear> tenāp<unclear>i</unclear> <seg met="==.*"><gap quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l><seg met="==..=.="><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear cert="low">ḍharima</unclear><seg met="=="><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>nyāḥ praṇemur jjanāḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="18">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ājau mayā vinihatā va<lb break="no" n="15" />lino dviṣan<unclear>taḥ</unclear></l>
<l>kṛtya<unclear>ṃ</unclear> na m<supplied reason="undefined">e</supplied> sty aparam ity avadhārya vīraḥ<unclear>|</unclear></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>śrī-harṣadeva-nija-sa<unclear>ṃ</unclear>gama-vāñchayā <unclear cert="low">ca</unclear></l>
<l><seg met="==.=...=..=.=*"><gap quantity="14" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear>||</unclear></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="19">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ś<unclear>r</unclear>īmān <sic>v</sic>abhūva dalitāri-karīndra-kumbha-</l>
<l>muktā-rajaḥ-<lb n="16" />paṭala-pāṃsula-maṇḍalāgraḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ādityasena iti tat-tanayaḥ kṣitīśa-</l>
<l>cūḍāmaṇ<unclear>i</unclear>r dda<seg met="..=..=.=*"><gap quantity="9" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear>||</unclear></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="20">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><seg met="===..=."><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> m āgatam ari-dhvaṃsottham āptaṃ yaśaḥ</l>
<l>ślāghyaṃ <lb n="17" />sarvva-dhanuṣmatāṃ pura iti ślāgh<unclear>ā</unclear>ṃ parāṃ <sic>v</sic>ibhratī|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>āśīrvvāda-paraṃparā <unclear cert="low">ci</unclear>ra-sa<unclear cert="low">kṛ</unclear>d<seg met="==.==.*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l><seg met="==.==.*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> yāmāsa<unclear cert="low">ma</unclear>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="21">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ājau sveda-cchalena dhva<lb break="no" n="18" />ja-paṭa-śikhayā mārjjato dāna-paṅkaṃ</l>
<l>khaḍgaṃ kṣuṇṇena muktā-śakala-sikatil<unclear cert="low">īkṛtya</unclear><seg met="==.=*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><seg met="====.==......="><gap quantity="14" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> mat<unclear>t</unclear>a-māta<unclear>ṃ</unclear>ga-ghātaṃ</l>
<l>tad-gandhākṛṣṭa-sarppad-<sic>va</sic><lb break="no" n="19" />hala-parimala-bhrā<choice><sic>t</sic><corr>n</corr></choice>ta-mattāli-jālaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vasantatilaka" n="22">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ā<sic>v</sic>addha-bhīma-vikaṭa-bhrukuṭī-kaṭhora-</l>
<l>sa<unclear>ṃ</unclear>g<unclear>r</unclear>āma<seg met="=...=..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><seg met="==.=.."><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>va-vallabha-bhṛtya-vargga-</l>
<l>goṣṭhīṣu peśa<lb break="no" n="20" />latayā parihāsa-śīlaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="23">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>satya-bhattṛ-vratā yasya</l><l>mukhopadh<unclear>ā</unclear>na-tāpasī|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>par<unclear>i</unclear>hās<seg met="*.==*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l><l><seg met="****.=.*"><gap quantity="8" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="24">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><seg met="====.="><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>jñaḥ sakala-ripu-<sic>v</sic>ala-dhvaṃsa-hetur ggarī<lb break="no" n="21" />yān</l>
<l>nistriṃśotkhāta-ghāta-śrama-janita-jaḍo py ūrjjita-sva-pratāpaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yuddhe matt-ebha-kumbha-stha<unclear>la</unclear><seg met="....==.==.=*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l><seg met="=="><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> śv<unclear>e</unclear>tātapattra-sthagita-vasumatī-maṇḍalo lo<lb break="no" n="22" />ka-pālaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="25">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>ājau matta-gajendra-kumbha-dalana-sphīta-sphurad-dor-yugo</l>
<l>dhvastā<unclear cert="low">neka</unclear>-ripu-prabhāva-v<seg met="..==="><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> yaśo-maṇḍalaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>nyastāśeśa-narendra-mauli-caraṇa-sphāra-pratāpāna<lb break="no" n="23" />lo</l>
<l>lakṣmīvān samarābhimāna-vimala-prakhyāta-kīrttir nṛpaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="26">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yen eyaṃ śarad-indu-<sic>v</sic>im<sic>v</sic>a-dhavalā prakhyāta-bhūmaṇḍalā</l>
<l>lakṣmī-saṃgama-kāṃkṣayā su-mahatī kīrttiś ciraṃ kopitā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yātā sā<lb break="no" n="24" />gara-pāram adbhutatamā sāpatnya-vairād aho</l>
<l>ten edaṃ bhavanottamaṃ kṣiti-bhujā viṣṇoḥ kṛte kāritaṃ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="27">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>taj-jananyā mahādevyā</l><l>śrīmatyā kārito maṭhaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>dhārmikebhyaḥ svayaṃ dattaḥ</l><l>sura-lo<lb break="no" n="25" />ka-gṛhopamaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="28">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>śaṃkhendu-sphaṭika-prabhā-pratisama-sphāra-sphurac-chīkaraṃ</l>
<l>nakra-krānti-calat-taraṅga-vilasat-pakṣi-pranṛtyat-timi|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>rājñyā khānitam adbhutaṃ su-tapasā pepīyamānaṃ <lb n="26" />janais</l>
<l>tasyaiva priya-bhāryayā narapateḥ śrī-koṇadevyā saraḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="29">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yāvac candra-kalā harasya śirasi śrīḥ śārṅgino vakṣasi</l>
<l><sic>v</sic>rahmāsye ca sarasvatī kṛta-<lb n="27" /><seg met=".===.==.*"><gap quantity="9" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><supplied reason="lost">bh</supplied><unclear>o</unclear><supplied reason="lost">g</supplied><unclear>e</unclear> bhūr bhujagādhipasya ca taḍid yāvad ghanasyodare</l>
<l>tāvat kīrttim ihātanoti dhavalām ādityaseno nṛpaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="27">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>sūkṣmaśivena gauḍena</l><l>praśastir vvikaṭākṣarā||</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><lb n="28" /><seg met="***"><gap quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg><unclear cert="low">mā</unclear>mitā samyag</l><l>dhārmmikeṇa sudhīmatā||</l>
</lg></lg>

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</TEI>