The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Nachna Inscription of Vyaghradeva

Object URI
OB00185
Inscription URI
IN00199

Basic Metadata

Extent
53 cm width x 33 cm height
Decoration
An eight-spoked wheel is carved near the centre of the inscription, occupying the width of about 3 characters in line 2. Given the way line 1 curves above the wheel, this figure may have been engraved before the inscription.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
southern box-headed
Script size
5
Date (min)
350
Date (max)
499
Date comments
Basis of dating: palaeography, conjecture.
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Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Nachna Inscription of Vyaghradeva</title>
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<p>A rough slab of stone. Its dimensions are not reported, but must be larger than the inscribed area, which is reported. It bears an incomplete inscription (%IN00198) on one of its sides and a complete inscription (%IN00199) on its face, assumed to be the top. #ASIR_21:98 assumes the former is an unfinished repetition of the latter; #leet_1888:233 and #Mirashi_1963:89 (following Fleet) believe the former was left incomplete because that side of the stone was found too rough, and was re-commenced on another side.</p>
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<p>Four somewhat irregular lines, with an engraved wheel near the centre. All quite badly damaged. Character size is an estimate.</p>
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<height unit="cm">5</height>
<p>southern box-headed</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>An eight-spoked wheel is carved near the centre of the inscription, occupying the width of about 3 characters in line 2. Given the way line 1 curves above the wheel, this figure may have been engraved before the inscription.</p>
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<p>Discovered by Cunningham in 1883-84, lying on the ground outside the fort of Kuṭhārā near the village Nacne-kī-Talāī, probably around 24.399298, 80.447427. Mirashi_1963:89 gives the location of the place as "about seven miles north-west of Jasō." #ASIR_21:95 calls the village Nachna and says it is "2 miles to the west of the town of Ganj, which is 25 miles to the south-east of Panna, and 15 miles to the south-west of Nâgodh." He adds that Kuthara, apparently the area between Ganj and Nachna, is believed to have been an ancient city and there are many remains of brick buildings in the area. The same site is described in #PRAS-W_1920:60 as being "Seven miles to the south-east of Jaso, as the crow flies." As of 2016, Google Maps shows a region named Nachne about seven miles southwest (neither northwest, nor southeast) of Jaso. The village of Ganj is a little further to the southwest of this region. The two temples described by Cunningham as being in Nachna (a Caturmukha Mahādeva and a Pārvatī temple) seem to be just outside this Ganj on the south (24.399298, 80.447427), and the former is named Nachna Kuthar ka Chaumukhnath Mandir, so the identity is quite certain. The fort may be the elevated region a little further to the south beyond a lake (perhaps the Talai in the name?).</p>
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<lb n="4" />kṛtam iti<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported with transcript and facsimile (Plate 27) in #ASIR_21:97-98. Edited in #Fleet_1888, re-edited in #Mirashi_1963. Discussed in #Shastri_1997:5-6 and 55-65. Further references to discussions in #Mirashi_1963:89.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
54
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1709
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
21
XML Plain
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<p>A rough slab of stone. Its dimensions are not reported, but must be larger than the inscribed area, which is reported. It bears an incomplete inscription (%IN00198) on one of its sides and a complete inscription (%IN00199) on its face, assumed to be the top. #ASIR_21:98 assumes the former is an unfinished repetition of the latter; #leet_1888:233 and #Mirashi_1963:89 (following Fleet) believe the former was left incomplete because that side of the stone was found too rough, and was re-commenced on another side.</p>
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<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>53</width>
<height>33</height>
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<p>Four somewhat irregular lines, with an engraved wheel near the centre. All quite badly damaged. Character size is an estimate.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">5</height>
<p>southern box-headed</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>An eight-spoked wheel is carved near the centre of the inscription, occupying the width of about 3 characters in line 2. Given the way line 1 curves above the wheel, this figure may have been engraved before the inscription.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
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<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by Cunningham in 1883-84, lying on the ground outside the fort of Kuṭhārā near the village Nacne-kī-Talāī, probably around 24.399298, 80.447427. Mirashi_1963:89 gives the location of the place as "about seven miles north-west of Jasō." #ASIR_21:95 calls the village Nachna and says it is "2 miles to the west of the town of Ganj, which is 25 miles to the south-east of Panna, and 15 miles to the south-west of Nâgodh." He adds that Kuthara, apparently the area between Ganj and Nachna, is believed to have been an ancient city and there are many remains of brick buildings in the area. The same site is described in #PRAS-W_1920:60 as being "Seven miles to the south-east of Jaso, as the crow flies." As of 2016, Google Maps shows a region named Nachne about seven miles southwest (neither northwest, nor southeast) of Jaso. The village of Ganj is a little further to the southwest of this region. The two temples described by Cunningham as being in Nachna (a Caturmukha Mahādeva and a Pārvatī temple) seem to be just outside this Ganj on the south (24.399298, 80.447427), and the former is named Nachna Kuthar ka Chaumukhnath Mandir, so the identity is quite certain. The fort may be the elevated region a little further to the south beyond a lake (perhaps the Talai in the name?).</p>
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<lb n="1" />vākāṭakā<choice><sic>ṇ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice>ā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> mahārāja-śr<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>-
<lb n="2" /> pṛthiv<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice><g type="ornament" />ṣeṇa-pā<add place="below">dā</add>nud<unclear>dhy</unclear>āto
<lb n="3" />vyāghradevo mātā-pitro<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> pu<choice><sic>n</sic><corr>ṇ</corr></choice>yārtthe
<lb n="4" />kṛtam iti<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
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