The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Bidar Charter of Devasena

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00181
Inscription URI
IN00194

Basic Metadata

Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit influenced by Prakrit
Script
southern box-headed
Date (min)
445
Date (max)
460
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 5 varṣā pakṣa 8, day 1 (era: regnal, Devasena). Basis of dating: approximate reign of Devasena. The reading of the date is problematic.
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Edition
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<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><div subtype="seal" type="textpart">
<lb n="seal.1" /><ab>vākāṭakānām mahārāja-śrī-devasena<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied></ab>
</div>
<div subtype="margin" type="textpart">
<lb n="margin.1" /><ab>siddhaM<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> namaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied></ab>
</div>
<div subtype="body" type="textpart">
<p>
<pb n="1verso" />
<lb n="1" />vātsyagulmād vākāṭakānām ādi-dha<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>mma-mahārāja-śrī-vindhya
<lb break="no" n="2" />śaktef putrasyāgniṣṭomāptoryyāma-vājapeya-jyotiṣṭoma-bṛ
<lb break="no" n="3" />haspa<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />ti-sava-s<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>dya<choice><sic>ṣ</sic><corr>s</corr></choice>kra<surplus>tu</surplus>-catur-aśva-medha-yājinaḥ
<lb n="4" />sa<choice><sic><unclear>p</unclear></sic><corr>m</corr></choice>r<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice><supplied reason="omitted">Ṭ</supplied> <space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" /> viṣṇuvṛddha-sagotrasya hārītī-putrasya dharmma-
<lb n="5" />mahārāja-śrī-pravarasena-suta-putra-prapautrasya mahārā
<pb break="no" n="2recto" />
<lb break="no" n="6" />ja-śrī-sa<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>vvasena-putra-pra<unclear>pau</unclear>trasya mahārāja-śrī-vin<unclear>dh</unclear>yasena-pu
<lb break="no" n="7" />tra-pautrasya mahārāja-śrī-pravarasena-putrasya mahārāja-
<lb n="8" />śrī-sa<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>vva<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />sena-putrasya vākāṭakān<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>n dha<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>mma-mahārāja-
<lb n="9" />śrī-devasenasya vacanā<supplied reason="omitted">T|</supplied></p>
<p>pasāpalakallassa apara-pass<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>e</corr></choice>
<lb n="10" />sirimaṇḍapakassa uttara-passe k<unclear>u</unclear>ri<unclear>ṭha</unclear>kallassa puvva-<unclear>p</unclear>a<unclear>sse</unclear>
<pb n="2verso" />
<lb n="11" />doṇi<unclear>ṇṭha</unclear>massa d<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>a</corr></choice>kkhiṇa-passe velpakoṇḍā n<unclear>ā</unclear>ma grāmaḥ raddocca-
<lb n="12" />cātuvejjassa caruka-nimitte sāmilladevena a-hira<unclear>ṇ</unclear>ya-
<lb n="13" />dhānyā<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />di-pradeyaḥ a-viṣṭi-kara-manuṣya-baliva<unclear>r</unclear>dd<unclear>ā</unclear>di sā
<lb break="no" n="14" /><unclear>paka</unclear>s sarvva-<choice><sic>vāda</sic><corr>bādhā</corr></choice>-parih<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ṛ</corr></choice>taḥ Aihikāmuṣmika-niśre<supplied reason="omitted">ya</supplied>s<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>rttha<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> da<unclear>t</unclear><unclear cert="low">t</unclear>i
<lb n="15" /><unclear>t</unclear>ra d<unclear>ā</unclear><unclear cert="low">kara</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /></p>
<p>tad eṣa sva-viṣaya-para-viṣaya-vāsibhis sañcaranta-
<pb n="3recto" />
<lb n="16" />kula-putrakaiś cāṭa-bha<unclear>ṭai</unclear>ś ca rājājñām anupālayadbhis sv<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ai</corr></choice>
<lb break="no" n="17" />r<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>e</corr></choice><unclear>ṇa</unclear> rakṣyaf pariharttavya<unclear>ś</unclear> ca<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> yo vā rāja-śāsanam apra
<lb break="no" n="18" />mā<choice><sic>d</sic><corr>ṇ</corr></choice>ī-kṛ<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />tya lobhād anyathā pra<unclear>v</unclear>artteta tasy<choice><sic>e</sic><corr>ai</corr></choice>bhi<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied> br<unclear>ā</unclear>hmaṇ<unclear>ai</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied>
<lb n="19" /><unclear>vā</unclear>ṣa<unclear>n</unclear>vā gotrajai rājñā ca va<unclear>ndho</unclear> nipātyate pa<unclear>ñca-ma</unclear>hā-pā
<lb break="no" n="20" /><unclear>ta</unclear>ka-<unclear>sa</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>y<surplus>y</surplus>uktaś ca syād iti<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied></p>
<p>li<unclear>khi</unclear>tam ida<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> śāsana<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> sva-mu<unclear>kha</unclear>-sa
<lb n="21" />ndiṣṭena <unclear>vam</unclear>masv<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>i-putreṇa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <surplus><unclear>sa</unclear></surplus>
</p>
<p>
<lb n="22" />sa<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>v<surplus>v</surplus>a <gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <num value="5">5</num> vā<unclear>sa</unclear> <num value="8">8</num> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> divasa <num value="1">1</num><supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>
</div>

</div></body>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported and edited in #ParabrahmaSastry_1986. Discussed in #Shastri_1987:71-74 (with title saying the plates are of Pravarasena II, but the discussion has Devasena), #Shastri_1997:107-110.
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>metal / iron</material>
<objectType>plate</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width />
<height />
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>This is a 20th-century iron copy of an original set of three copper plates. The first is inscribed only on the inner side, the second and third on both faces (3 verso is only partly filled). No measurements have been reported. They probably have no raised rims. The hole for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at about one fifth of the length of the plate from the edge. The plates are linked by a ring, the ends of which are soldered to a seal.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
</objectDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate>1980-1985</origDate>
</origin>
<provenance type="found" />
<provenance type="found" />
<p>These plates were brought for sale to the Birla Archaeological and Cultural Research Institute in Hyderabad sometime before 1986, having been created, presumably recently, by a bīdṛī artist of Bīdaṛ (17.914389,77.528625), Karnataka. They are purportedly (and credibly) accurate copies of an original set in copper, which had been shown to the bīdṛī worker by a villager "from Bechchali taluk, Bidar district," (ParabrahmaSastry_1986:71) who refused to part with them. Bidar district does not seem to have a taluk with a name even remotely resembling Bechchali.</p>
</history>
</msFrag></msDesc>
</sourceDesc>
</fileDesc></teiHeader>
<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><div subtype="seal" type="textpart">
<lb n="seal.1" /><ab>vākāṭakānām mahārāja-śrī-devasena<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied></ab>
</div>
<div subtype="margin" type="textpart">
<lb n="margin.1" /><ab>siddhaM<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> namaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied></ab>
</div>
<div subtype="body" type="textpart">
<p>
<pb n="1verso" />
<lb n="1" />vātsyagulmād vākāṭakānām ādi-dha<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>mma-mahārāja-śrī-vindhya
<lb break="no" n="2" />śaktef putrasyāgniṣṭomāptoryyāma-vājapeya-jyotiṣṭoma-bṛ
<lb break="no" n="3" />haspa<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />ti-sava-s<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>dya<choice><sic>ṣ</sic><corr>s</corr></choice>kra<surplus>tu</surplus>-catur-aśva-medha-yājinaḥ
<lb n="4" />sa<choice><sic><unclear>p</unclear></sic><corr>m</corr></choice>r<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice><supplied reason="omitted">Ṭ</supplied> <space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" /> viṣṇuvṛddha-sagotrasya hārītī-putrasya dharmma-
<lb n="5" />mahārāja-śrī-pravarasena-suta-putra-prapautrasya mahārā
<pb break="no" n="2recto" />
<lb break="no" n="6" />ja-śrī-sa<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>vvasena-putra-pra<unclear>pau</unclear>trasya mahārāja-śrī-vin<unclear>dh</unclear>yasena-pu
<lb break="no" n="7" />tra-pautrasya mahārāja-śrī-pravarasena-putrasya mahārāja-
<lb n="8" />śrī-sa<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>vva<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />sena-putrasya vākāṭakān<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>n dha<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied>mma-mahārāja-
<lb n="9" />śrī-devasenasya vacanā<supplied reason="omitted">T|</supplied></p>
<p>pasāpalakallassa apara-pass<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>e</corr></choice>
<lb n="10" />sirimaṇḍapakassa uttara-passe k<unclear>u</unclear>ri<unclear>ṭha</unclear>kallassa puvva-<unclear>p</unclear>a<unclear>sse</unclear>
<pb n="2verso" />
<lb n="11" />doṇi<unclear>ṇṭha</unclear>massa d<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>a</corr></choice>kkhiṇa-passe velpakoṇḍā n<unclear>ā</unclear>ma grāmaḥ raddocca-
<lb n="12" />cātuvejjassa caruka-nimitte sāmilladevena a-hira<unclear>ṇ</unclear>ya-
<lb n="13" />dhānyā<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />di-pradeyaḥ a-viṣṭi-kara-manuṣya-baliva<unclear>r</unclear>dd<unclear>ā</unclear>di sā
<lb break="no" n="14" /><unclear>paka</unclear>s sarvva-<choice><sic>vāda</sic><corr>bādhā</corr></choice>-parih<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ṛ</corr></choice>taḥ Aihikāmuṣmika-niśre<supplied reason="omitted">ya</supplied>s<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>rttha<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> da<unclear>t</unclear><unclear cert="low">t</unclear>i
<lb n="15" /><unclear>t</unclear>ra d<unclear>ā</unclear><unclear cert="low">kara</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /></p>
<p>tad eṣa sva-viṣaya-para-viṣaya-vāsibhis sañcaranta-
<pb n="3recto" />
<lb n="16" />kula-putrakaiś cāṭa-bha<unclear>ṭai</unclear>ś ca rājājñām anupālayadbhis sv<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ai</corr></choice>
<lb break="no" n="17" />r<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>e</corr></choice><unclear>ṇa</unclear> rakṣyaf pariharttavya<unclear>ś</unclear> ca<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> yo vā rāja-śāsanam apra
<lb break="no" n="18" />mā<choice><sic>d</sic><corr>ṇ</corr></choice>ī-kṛ<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />tya lobhād anyathā pra<unclear>v</unclear>artteta tasy<choice><sic>e</sic><corr>ai</corr></choice>bhi<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied> br<unclear>ā</unclear>hmaṇ<unclear>ai</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied>
<lb n="19" /><unclear>vā</unclear>ṣa<unclear>n</unclear>vā gotrajai rājñā ca va<unclear>ndho</unclear> nipātyate pa<unclear>ñca-ma</unclear>hā-pā
<lb break="no" n="20" /><unclear>ta</unclear>ka-<unclear>sa</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>y<surplus>y</surplus>uktaś ca syād iti<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied></p>
<p>li<unclear>khi</unclear>tam ida<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> śāsana<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> sva-mu<unclear>kha</unclear>-sa
<lb n="21" />ndiṣṭena <unclear>vam</unclear>masv<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>i-putreṇa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <surplus><unclear>sa</unclear></surplus>
</p>
<p>
<lb n="22" />sa<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>v<surplus>v</surplus>a <gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <num value="5">5</num> vā<unclear>sa</unclear> <num value="8">8</num> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> divasa <num value="1">1</num><supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>
</div>

</div></body>
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</TEI>