The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Pauni Charter of Pravarasena II

Object URI
OB00175
Inscription URI
IN00188

Basic Metadata

Extent
16 cm width x 8.5 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
southern box-headed
Script size
0.5
Date (min)
442
Date (max)
457
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 32 jyeṣṭha kṛṣṇa 3 (era: regnal, Pravarasena II of Nandivardhana). Basis of dating: approximate reign of Pravarasena II of the Pravarapura/Nandivardhana branch.
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<title>Pauni Charter of Pravarasena II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00188</idno>
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<msName>Pauni Plates of Pravarasena II</msName>
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<repository>Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay (?)</repository>
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<material>metal / copper alloy</material>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">1130</measure>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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<width>16</width>
<height>8.5</height>
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<p>42 lines of text (7 lines on each inscribed page) in an excellent state of preservation asie from some corrosion damage on plate 1 and plate 3 verso. Campus and character size are estimates.</p>
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<height unit="cm">0.5</height>
<p>southern box-headed</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<msName>plate 1</msName>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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<provenance type="found" />
<provenance type="found" />
<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate />
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<provenance type="found" />
<provenance type="found" />
<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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<provenance type="found" />
<provenance type="found" />
<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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</origin>
<provenance type="found" />
<provenance type="found" />
<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<text>
<body>
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<l><lb n="seal.1" />vākāṭaka-lalāmasya</l><l><lb n="seal.2" />krama-prāpta-<space quantity="1" unit="character" />n<unclear>ṛ</unclear>pa-śriyaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><lb n="seal.3" />rājña<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> pravara<unclear>s</unclear>enasya</l><l><lb n="seal.4" />śāsanaṃ ripu-śāsana<unclear>ṃ</unclear>|</l>
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<p>
<pb n="1verso" /><lb n="1" />dṛṣṭa<unclear>M</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> pravarapurā<unclear>T</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> agniṣṭom<unclear>ā</unclear>ptoryyāmokthya-ṣoḍaśy-atirātra-vāja
<lb break="no" n="2" />peya-bṛhaspati-sava-sādyaskra-catur-aśvamedha-yājina<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> v<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>i</corr></choice>ṣṇuvṛddha-<unclear>sago</unclear>tra
<lb break="no" n="3" />sya samrāṬ v<surplus>v</surplus>ākāṭakānā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> mahārāja-śrī-pravarasenasya <unclear>sūnoḥ</unclear> sūnoḥ
<lb n="4" />atyanta-svā<space quantity="3" type="hole" unit="character" />mi-mahā-bhairava-bhaktasya <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> aṃsa-bhāra-sa<unclear>ṃ</unclear>niveśita-śi
<lb break="no" n="5" />va-liṃgodvahana-śiva-suparituṣṭa-samutpādita-rāja-vaṃśānā<surplus>ṃ</surplus>m parākra
<lb break="no" n="6" />mādhigata-bhāgīratthy-<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>a</corr></choice>mala-jala-mūrddh<surplus>n</surplus>ābhiṣiktānā<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> daśāśva-medhāva<supplied reason="omitted">bhṛ</supplied>tha-
<lb n="7" />snātānāṃ bhāraśivānāṃ mahārāja-<space quantity="1" unit="character" />śrī-bhavaṇāga-dauhitrasya<surplus>ḥ</surplus>
<pb n="2recto" />
<lb n="8" />gautamī-putrasya putrasya vākāṭakānā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> mahārāja-śrī-rudrasena
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<lb break="no" n="12" />rddhamāna-kośa-daṇḍa-sādhana-sa<surplus>ṃ</surplus>ntāna-putra-pautriṇaḥ yudhiṣṭhira-vṛtter vvā
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<lb break="no" n="14" /><unclear>pā</unclear>ṇe<unclear>ḥ</unclear> p<unclear>r</unclear>asādopā<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />rjita<surplus>ḥ</surplus>-śr<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>-samudaya<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />sya vākāṭakā<unclear>n</unclear>āṃ
<pb n="2verso" />
<lb n="15" />mahārāja-śrī <unclear>ru</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">drase</supplied><unclear>nas</unclear>ya sūn<unclear>oḥ</unclear> mahārā<unclear>jā</unclear>dhirāja-śrī-devagu
<lb break="no" n="16" />pta-<supplied reason="undefined">sutā</supplied>yā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> p<unclear>rabhā</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">va</supplied><unclear>t</unclear>ī<supplied reason="undefined">gu</supplied>ptāyā<unclear>m u</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">t</supplied><unclear>pa</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">nna</supplied><unclear>s</unclear>ya śambh<supplied reason="undefined">o</supplied><unclear>f p</unclear>ra<unclear>s</unclear>āda-dhṛt<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>a</corr></choice>-kā
<lb break="no" n="17" />r<unclear>tta-y</unclear>ugasya <supplied reason="undefined">vākā</supplied>ṭakānā<unclear>m</unclear> para<unclear>ma</unclear>-m<unclear>āheś</unclear>vara-mahārāja-śrī-pra
<lb n="18" />varasena<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />sya vacanā<supplied reason="omitted">T</supplied><unclear>|</unclear></p>
<p>
kṛṣṇāleśāl<unclear cert="low">i</unclear><unclear>ka</unclear><unclear cert="low">ṭa</unclear><unclear>ke</unclear><unclear>|</unclear> <unclear>ai</unclear>hikāmu
<lb break="no" n="19" />ṣmike dharmma-sthāne acalapu<choice><sic>k</sic><corr>r</corr></choice>e<unclear>|</unclear> bhūmi-prativa<unclear>stuṃ ba</unclear>h<unclear>v</unclear>ṛca aupa
<lb break="no" n="20" />ma<choice><sic>ṇ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice>yava-sagotra-durggāryyāya rājakya<unclear>mā</unclear>nena bhūmer nnivartanāni
<lb n="21" />pañcāś<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>a</corr></choice>T <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> <choice><sic>dattāḥ</sic><corr>dattāni</corr></choice> saha niveśanena| yato <space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" /> smat-<unclear>s</unclear>antakā
<pb break="no" n="3recto" />
<lb break="no" n="22" /><surplus>kā</surplus>s sarvvāddhyakṣa-niyoga-niyuktā ājñā-sa<surplus>ṃ</surplus>ñcāri-kulaputrādhikṛtā bha
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<p>viditam astu va<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> ya
<lb break="no" n="24" />th<choice><sic>ai</sic><corr>e</corr></choice>hāsmābhir ātmano dharmmāyur-bbala-vijayaiśvarya-vivṛddhaye ihāmu
<lb break="no" n="25" />tra-hitārttha<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />m ātmānugrahāya vaijayike dharmma-sthāne apūrvva-
<lb n="26" />dat<supplied reason="omitted">t</supplied>yā udaka-pūrvvam atisṛṣṭaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> athāsyocitā<choice><sic>ṃ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice> pūrvva-rājānumatā<choice><sic>ṃ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice>
<lb n="27" />cāturvv<choice><sic>e</sic><corr>ai</corr></choice>dya-grāma-maryyādā-<choice><sic>parihārārtthaṃ</sic><corr>parihārān</corr></choice> k<unclear>ī</unclear>rttayāmas<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> tad yathā a-kara-
<lb n="28" />dāy<unclear>ī</unclear> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> a-bhaṭa-cch<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>tra-prāveśyaḥ a-pāraṃpara-go-balīvarddaḥ a-
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<lb n="29" /><supplied reason="omitted">pu</supplied>ṣpa-kṣ<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>ra-sa<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>dohaḥ a-cārāsana-carmmāṅgāraḥ a-lavaṇa-kinva-k<unclear>r</unclear>e
<lb break="no" n="30" />ṇi-khanakaḥ sarvva-viṣṭi-pa<unclear>r</unclear>ihā<unclear>r</unclear>a-parihṛta<unclear>ḥ</unclear> sa-nidhiḥ sopanidhi<supplied reason="undefined">ḥ</supplied>
<lb n="31" />sa-k<choice><sic>li</sic><corr>ḷ</corr></choice>pt-opak<choice><sic>li</sic><corr>ḷ</corr></choice>pta ācandr-āditya-kāl<unclear>ī</unclear>yaḥ putra-pautrānugām<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>|
<lb n="32" />bhuñjat<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>o</corr></choice> na <space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" /> kenaci<supplied reason="omitted">d</supplied> vyāghāta<unclear>ḥ</unclear> karttavyaḥ <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> <unclear>sa</unclear>rvva-kri<unclear>yā</unclear>bhis saṃrakṣita
<lb n="33" />vya<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> <choice><sic><unclear>m</unclear></sic><corr>p</corr></choice>ar<choice><sic>ī</sic><corr>i</corr></choice>varddhayitavyaś ca| yaś=c-āsmac-chāsanam agaṇayamāna<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> svalpām api
<lb n="34" />paribādhā<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> kuryyā<supplied reason="omitted">t</supplied> <choice><sic>kārayita</sic><corr>kārayeta</corr></choice> vā tasya brāhmaṇair vvedita<unclear>sya sa</unclear>daṇḍaṃ nigrahaṃ
<lb n="35" />kuryyāma<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> asmi<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>ś ca dharmmāda<choice><sic>dhi</sic><corr>ra</corr></choice>karaṇ<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>e</corr></choice> at<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>tāneka-rāja-datt<choice><sic><unclear>ā</unclear></sic><corr>a</corr></choice>-saṃcinta
<pb break="no" n="4recto" />
<lb break="no" n="36" />na-paripālana<supplied reason="undefined">ṃ</supplied> kṛta-puṇyānukī<supplied reason="undefined">r</supplied>ttana-parihārā<supplied reason="undefined">r</supplied>ttha<supplied reason="undefined">ṃ</supplied> na k<supplied reason="undefined">īr</supplied>ttay<unclear>ā</unclear>ma<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ|</supplied>
<lb n="37" />vyāsa-gītau cātra ślokau pramāṇ<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>-karttavy<unclear>au|</unclear></p>
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<l><supplied reason="undefined">sva</supplied>-<unclear>da</unclear>t<unclear>t</unclear>āṃ para-dattām vā<surplus><unclear>ṃ</unclear></surplus></l><l><lb n="38" />yo hareta vasundharāṃ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>gav<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>ā</corr></choice>ṃ śata-saha<supplied reason="omitted">sra</supplied>sya</l><l>hantu<unclear>r ha</unclear>rati duṣkṛtaṃ<unclear>|</unclear></l>
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<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><lb n="39" />ṣaṣṭiṃ va<unclear>rṣa</unclear>-<space quantity="2" type="hole" unit="character" />sahasrāṇi</l><l>svargge modati bhūmi-daḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>ācchettā<lb n="40" />c ānumantā <surplus>c</surplus>ca|</l><l>tāny eva narake vased iti||</l>
</lg></lg>
<p>saṃvatsare dvātri<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>śe
<lb n="41" /><num value="32">30 2</num> jyaiṣṭha-māsa-kṛṣṇa-pakṣa-tṛtīyāyāṃ senāpatau <unclear>mā</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="42" />dhappe likhitaṃ śāsanaM||
</p>
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</TEI>
Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported in #IAR_1967-68:55 (No. 28). Edited in #Kolte_1969 and #Shrimali_1987:69-71 (which is probably a reprint of Kolte in VSMA, not #Kolte_1969). Discussed in #Shastri_1987:56, #Shastri_1997:97.
Images (view/hide)
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<title>Pauni Charter of Pravarasena II</title>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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<p>42 lines of text (7 lines on each inscribed page) in an excellent state of preservation asie from some corrosion damage on plate 1 and plate 3 verso. Campus and character size are estimates.</p>
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<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<p>Discovered in Paunī (20.7876916,79.6339487) in Bhaṇḍārā district, Maharashtra by a resident while digging in 1967. Studied in the original by V. B. Kolte. Possibly in the custody of the Director of Archives, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay.</p>
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<p>A set of four plates, the first and last inscribed only on the inner side, the others on both faces. They have no raised rims. The hole (1 cm in diameter) for the connecting ring is on the left-hand side, vertically at the centre, and horizontally at an estimated 3.5 cm from the edge. The plates were linked by a ring, on which a seal was also hung by means of a thin band of copper (about 2 cm in diameter), bolted to the back of the seal. The ring was extant when the plates were found, but was cut to separate the plates and is now lost. The seal (with the band presumably attached) is extant.</p>
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<l><lb n="seal.1" />vākāṭaka-lalāmasya</l><l><lb n="seal.2" />krama-prāpta-<space quantity="1" unit="character" />n<unclear>ṛ</unclear>pa-śriyaḥ|</l>
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kṛṣṇāleśāl<unclear cert="low">i</unclear><unclear>ka</unclear><unclear cert="low">ṭa</unclear><unclear>ke</unclear><unclear>|</unclear> <unclear>ai</unclear>hikāmu
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<lb n="35" />kuryyāma<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> asmi<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>ś ca dharmmāda<choice><sic>dhi</sic><corr>ra</corr></choice>karaṇ<choice><sic>a</sic><corr>e</corr></choice> at<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>tāneka-rāja-datt<choice><sic><unclear>ā</unclear></sic><corr>a</corr></choice>-saṃcinta
<pb break="no" n="4recto" />
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<lb n="37" />vyāsa-gītau cātra ślokau pramāṇ<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>-karttavy<unclear>au|</unclear></p>
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<l><supplied reason="undefined">sva</supplied>-<unclear>da</unclear>t<unclear>t</unclear>āṃ para-dattām vā<surplus><unclear>ṃ</unclear></surplus></l><l><lb n="38" />yo hareta vasundharāṃ</l>
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<p>saṃvatsare dvātri<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>śe
<lb n="41" /><num value="32">30 2</num> jyaiṣṭha-māsa-kṛṣṇa-pakṣa-tṛtīyāyāṃ senāpatau <unclear>mā</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="42" />dhappe likhitaṃ śāsanaM||
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