The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Sanjeli Charter of the Merchants

Object URI
OB00094
Inscription URI
IN00103

Basic Metadata

Extent
35 cm width x 18.5 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
southern class, western variety, knob-headed
Script size
0.6
Date (min)
493
Date (max)
503
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 3 śrāvaṇa śukla 2 (era: regnal, Toramāṇa).
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Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Sanjeli Charter of the Merchants</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
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<material>metal / copper alloy</material>
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<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>36.5</width>
<height>19.6</height>
<depth>0.3</depth>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">1079</measure>
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<p>A single plate, inscribed on one side only, deeply engraved. The top left corner is broken off. This is not noted in the description, but the rims appear to be raised.</p>
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<p>16 lines of text, the first few characters of the first three lines are lost. Campus size is estimated.</p>
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<height unit="cm">0.6</height>
<p>southern class, western variety, knob-headed</p>
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<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>Unknown</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1974 in Sañjeli, Zalod Taluka, Panchmahal District, Gujarat. Three plates (%OB00094, %OB00095, %OB00096) were found together, in the earth at a depth of 30 cm, by a farmer while tilling his field. The farmer folded the plates in three to fit them in a bag. They were eventually taken to the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda, Gujarat. Here they were cleaned mechanically and chemically.</p>
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<lb n="1" /><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">svasti</supplied><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <supplied reason="lost">saṃvat</supplied><unclear>sa</unclear>r<supplied reason="lost">e</supplied> <num value="3">3</num> <expan><abbr>śrāva</abbr><ex>ṇa</ex></expan> <expan><abbr>śu</abbr><ex>kla</ex></expan> <expan><abbr>di</abbr><ex>vase</ex></expan> <num value="2">2</num> parama-bhaṭṭāraka-mahārājādhirāja-śrī<surplus>s</surplus>-toramāṇe pṛthivīm anuśāsati tat-prasādād viṣayapati-<lb n="2" /><supplied reason="lost">mahā</supplied><unclear>rā</unclear>ja-bhūtasya śivabhāga-<choice><sic>m</sic><corr>p</corr></choice>ure bhujyamānake vadrapālyāḥ pūrvvasyān diśi etad-rājamā<unclear>tu</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied> vvīrāḍhyikā-kārita<lb break="no" n="3" /><unclear>ka</unclear>-d<supplied reason="lost">e</supplied>va-jayasvāmi-pādānāṃ bali-caru-satra-dhūpa-gandha-puṣpa-dīpa-taila-khaṇḍa-sphuṭita-pra<unclear>ti</unclear>saṃskāraṇ<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>o</corr></choice>payogya<surplus>ṃ</surplus><lb break="no" n="4" />m ātmanaḥ puṇyābhivṛddhaye caturddiśābhyāgataka-vaideśya-vāṇijakāḥ vastavyāḥ poṭṭalikā-putrāś ca lekhayanti <lb n="5" />yatra guḍa-lavana-karppāsa-bhāṇḍa-bharakeṣu ācandrārkkārṇṇava-kṣiti-sthiti-sama-kāl<unclear>ī</unclear>yaṃ daśa-viṃśopa<lb break="no" n="6" />kīnakaḥ bhāṇḍa-bharakaḥ arddha-pādīnakaḥ lavaṇa-bharakaḥ setinakaḥ dhānya-bhallā setīnikā dhānya-śakaṭa<lb break="no" n="7" />m arddha-kauṭubikaṃ garddabha-bhāṇḍa-bharako v<sic>ī</sic>śopaka-divarddha-setakaḥ bhāṇḍa-p<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>o</corr></choice>ṭṭalikā viṃśopakiniki dhānya-bharakeṣu <lb n="8" />dhānya-setikā ato rddhaṃ garddabha-bharakeṣu dāsī-guṇṭhaṃ pad<sic>ū</sic>na-rūpīnakaṃ<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
</p>
<p>etāṃ cākṣayaṇīṃ upari-likhita-nyāyena <lb n="9" />dīyamānāṃ yaḥ vaṇi<supplied reason="omitted">g</supplied>-grāmābhyantaraḥ puṭṭalikā-putro vā kaścid apramāṇī-kariṣyati saḥ pañcabhir mmahā-pātakaiḥ saṃ<lb break="no" n="10" />yukto <choice><sic>bhaviṣyanti</sic><corr>bhaviṣyati</corr></choice><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
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<p>evaṃ cāsya pramāṇaṃ vāṇiyakāḥ sva-hastena lekhayanti<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> dāgapura-vāstavya gomika <choice><unclear>d</unclear><unclear>v</unclear></choice>ematta<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> māthura-saṃnihi<lb break="no" n="11" />ta-māthurika-vāstavya senavarmmā<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> kanyakuldāka pitṛyaśa cirāyuṣa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> aujjenaka<unclear>ṃtphuśūe</unclear>bhaśśama<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> varuṇodarī-vāstavya poṭṭa<lb break="no" n="12" />likā-putra droṇa soma bhakkala<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> mahiṣahradaka bhannitya dhruvabhakṣaṇa agniśarmma pracakāsaka bhakkūra śūra goṇḍata<lb break="no" n="13" />raka rudradatta priya<unclear>ṇka</unclear>ra yaśaka bhāraṇabhaṭṭīśaśarmma kāloṭṭiyakabhaṭṭi vāsta<subst><del rend="corrected">vā</del><add place="overstrike">vya</add></subst>sa<surplus>ṃ</surplus>ṅgāḍhyaka yajña goggabhaṭṭiyaka <lb n="14" />bhagavadvinīta skāndavarmma bhāhasti harimata moha bha<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />dvija bhagguṇa rivāsula vāṇijaka vāstavya datta gujjara bharo<lb break="no" n="15" /> putra bhaṭṭi-mahattara bhaṭṭi-rudra maheśvara-svāmika maheśvara mallaka saṅgama karkkaṭa devaṭa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
</p>
<p>atraiva cākṣayaṇī-hetoḥ vāṇija<lb break="no" n="16" />ka ṣaṣṭhi gṛ<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />ha-<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />vastu <unclear>c</unclear>eti|||
</p>

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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported and edited in #Mehta_Thakkar_1978. Also reported and discussed in #Ramesh_1985:11-12. Re-edited in #Ramesh_1986. Discussed in #Mirashi_1979-80, #Chakravarti_2008.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
358-359
XML Plain
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<material>metal / copper alloy</material>
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<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>36.5</width>
<height>19.6</height>
<depth>0.3</depth>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">1079</measure>
</extent>
<p>A single plate, inscribed on one side only, deeply engraved. The top left corner is broken off. This is not noted in the description, but the rims appear to be raised.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>35</width>
<height>18.5</height>
</dimensions>
<p>16 lines of text, the first few characters of the first three lines are lost. Campus size is estimated.</p>
</layout>
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</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">0.6</height>
<p>southern class, western variety, knob-headed</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>Unknown</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1974 in Sañjeli, Zalod Taluka, Panchmahal District, Gujarat. Three plates (%OB00094, %OB00095, %OB00096) were found together, in the earth at a depth of 30 cm, by a farmer while tilling his field. The farmer folded the plates in three to fit them in a bag. They were eventually taken to the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda, Gujarat. Here they were cleaned mechanically and chemically.</p>
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<lb n="1" /><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">svasti</supplied><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <supplied reason="lost">saṃvat</supplied><unclear>sa</unclear>r<supplied reason="lost">e</supplied> <num value="3">3</num> <expan><abbr>śrāva</abbr><ex>ṇa</ex></expan> <expan><abbr>śu</abbr><ex>kla</ex></expan> <expan><abbr>di</abbr><ex>vase</ex></expan> <num value="2">2</num> parama-bhaṭṭāraka-mahārājādhirāja-śrī<surplus>s</surplus>-toramāṇe pṛthivīm anuśāsati tat-prasādād viṣayapati-<lb n="2" /><supplied reason="lost">mahā</supplied><unclear>rā</unclear>ja-bhūtasya śivabhāga-<choice><sic>m</sic><corr>p</corr></choice>ure bhujyamānake vadrapālyāḥ pūrvvasyān diśi etad-rājamā<unclear>tu</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied> vvīrāḍhyikā-kārita<lb break="no" n="3" /><unclear>ka</unclear>-d<supplied reason="lost">e</supplied>va-jayasvāmi-pādānāṃ bali-caru-satra-dhūpa-gandha-puṣpa-dīpa-taila-khaṇḍa-sphuṭita-pra<unclear>ti</unclear>saṃskāraṇ<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>o</corr></choice>payogya<surplus>ṃ</surplus><lb break="no" n="4" />m ātmanaḥ puṇyābhivṛddhaye caturddiśābhyāgataka-vaideśya-vāṇijakāḥ vastavyāḥ poṭṭalikā-putrāś ca lekhayanti <lb n="5" />yatra guḍa-lavana-karppāsa-bhāṇḍa-bharakeṣu ācandrārkkārṇṇava-kṣiti-sthiti-sama-kāl<unclear>ī</unclear>yaṃ daśa-viṃśopa<lb break="no" n="6" />kīnakaḥ bhāṇḍa-bharakaḥ arddha-pādīnakaḥ lavaṇa-bharakaḥ setinakaḥ dhānya-bhallā setīnikā dhānya-śakaṭa<lb break="no" n="7" />m arddha-kauṭubikaṃ garddabha-bhāṇḍa-bharako v<sic>ī</sic>śopaka-divarddha-setakaḥ bhāṇḍa-p<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>o</corr></choice>ṭṭalikā viṃśopakiniki dhānya-bharakeṣu <lb n="8" />dhānya-setikā ato rddhaṃ garddabha-bharakeṣu dāsī-guṇṭhaṃ pad<sic>ū</sic>na-rūpīnakaṃ<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
</p>
<p>etāṃ cākṣayaṇīṃ upari-likhita-nyāyena <lb n="9" />dīyamānāṃ yaḥ vaṇi<supplied reason="omitted">g</supplied>-grāmābhyantaraḥ puṭṭalikā-putro vā kaścid apramāṇī-kariṣyati saḥ pañcabhir mmahā-pātakaiḥ saṃ<lb break="no" n="10" />yukto <choice><sic>bhaviṣyanti</sic><corr>bhaviṣyati</corr></choice><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
</p>
<p>evaṃ cāsya pramāṇaṃ vāṇiyakāḥ sva-hastena lekhayanti<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> dāgapura-vāstavya gomika <choice><unclear>d</unclear><unclear>v</unclear></choice>ematta<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> māthura-saṃnihi<lb break="no" n="11" />ta-māthurika-vāstavya senavarmmā<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> kanyakuldāka pitṛyaśa cirāyuṣa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> aujjenaka<unclear>ṃtphuśūe</unclear>bhaśśama<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> varuṇodarī-vāstavya poṭṭa<lb break="no" n="12" />likā-putra droṇa soma bhakkala<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> mahiṣahradaka bhannitya dhruvabhakṣaṇa agniśarmma pracakāsaka bhakkūra śūra goṇḍata<lb break="no" n="13" />raka rudradatta priya<unclear>ṇka</unclear>ra yaśaka bhāraṇabhaṭṭīśaśarmma kāloṭṭiyakabhaṭṭi vāsta<subst><del rend="corrected">vā</del><add place="overstrike">vya</add></subst>sa<surplus>ṃ</surplus>ṅgāḍhyaka yajña goggabhaṭṭiyaka <lb n="14" />bhagavadvinīta skāndavarmma bhāhasti harimata moha bha<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />dvija bhagguṇa rivāsula vāṇijaka vāstavya datta gujjara bharo<lb break="no" n="15" /> putra bhaṭṭi-mahattara bhaṭṭi-rudra maheśvara-svāmika maheśvara mallaka saṅgama karkkaṭa devaṭa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
</p>
<p>atraiva cākṣayaṇī-hetoḥ vāṇija<lb break="no" n="16" />ka ṣaṣṭhi gṛ<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />ha-<space quantity="1" type="descender" unit="character" />vastu <unclear>c</unclear>eti|||
</p>

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