The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Kura Inscription of Toramana

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00092
Inscription URI
IN00101

Basic Metadata

Extent
65 cm width x 35 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Hybrid/corrupt Sanskrit
Script
northern class; nail-headed Gupta characters with some peculiar forms
Reigning Monarch
Toramāṇa
Date (min)
485
Date (max)
515
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: mārgaśīrṣa śukla 2. Basis of dating: approximate reign of Toramāṇa, conjecture. The intrinsic date is damaged, only the month and day are legible. The text also specifies a nakṣatra, but that again is illegible.
Toggle Width
Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://relaxng.org/ns/structure/1.0"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
<TEI xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0" xml:lang="eng-Latn" xml:space="preserve">
<teiHeader>
<fileDesc>
<titleStmt>
<title>Kura Inscription of Toramana</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00101</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Kura Stone of Toramana</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00092</idno>
<repository>Lahore Museum</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / sandstone</material>
<objectType>slab</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>71</width>
<height>51</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A sandstone slab without decoration. The bottom 15 cm of the surface is not inscribed.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>65</width>
<height>35</height>
</dimensions>
<p>Thirteen lines of unequal length. The campus size is estimated. The first three lines are badly damaged at the beginning and end, while last lines seems to have been deleted. The end of line 12 may also have been deleted and re-written. Previous editors say the rest of the stone is blank, but from the facsimile it is my impression that there may in fact have been writing on the entire surface (probably 18 lines total, the last short), but everything from line 13 has been erased.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class; nail-headed Gupta characters with some peculiar forms</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>?Kurā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Found at Kurā in the Salt Range (now Pakistan; probably modern-day Khewra, 32.632506, 73.012622; #Salomon_1989:32 says Kurā is in Sargodha District, which almost fits Khewra; an alternative possibility is Khura at 32.525737, 72.220557). For the latest location, Bhandarkar may just be citing #Bühler_1892; he probably did not verify the location.</p>
</history>
</msDesc>
</sourceDesc>
</fileDesc></teiHeader>
<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p><lb n="1" /><supplied reason="undefined">rājādhi</supplied><unclear>rā</unclear>ja-mahārāja-toramāṇa-ṣāh<unclear>i</unclear>-jaū<supplied reason="undefined">vlasyā</supplied><unclear cert="low">bhivardha</unclear><unclear>mānarā</unclear>j<unclear>y</unclear>e <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear cert="low">saṃvatsare</unclear>
<lb n="2" /><gap precision="low" quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" />me mārgaśira-māsa-śukla-dvitīyāyāM candra-<unclear>ma-gra</unclear><unclear cert="low">haṇa</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> gaga<supplied cert="low" reason="undefined">na</supplied>-
<lb n="3" /><unclear cert="low">care ca</unclear> vara <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> śuci-śāta-dhyānādhyayana-mokṣa-cittānukūle prad<unclear>i</unclear><unclear cert="low">ṣṭa</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="8" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <supplied reason="undefined">na</supplied>
<lb break="no" n="4" />kṣatre bhagavato buddhasya de<space quantity="1" unit="character" />vātidevasya sarva-pāpa-parikṣīṇa-sarva-puṇya-samudgata<unclear>sya</unclear>
<lb n="5" />tīrṇa-sa<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>sārārṇava satvānāṃ tārayitā daśa-bala-balina cat<unclear>u</unclear>-vaiśāradya-catasra-prati<unclear>sa</unclear><unclear cert="low">ṃvidā</unclear>
<lb n="6" />aṣṭādaśāveṇīkādbhuta-dharma-samanvāgatasya sarva-satva-vatsala-mahā-kāruṇikasya bu
<lb break="no" n="7" />ddha-pramukha-cāturdiśe bhikṣu-saṃghe deya-dharmo ya<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> vihāra pratiṣṭhāpana naścīra-pati-praśastā
<lb break="no" n="8" />dārita-nāmadheya-viśeṣa-vṛddhiḥ roṭṭa-jaya<space quantity="1" unit="character" />vṛddhi aneka-vihāra-svāmino satputreṇa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> yad atra puṇyaṃ tad bhava<unclear>tu</unclear>
<lb n="9" />m<unclear>ā</unclear>tāpitro<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> āpāyaka-poṣaka-citrasya jaṃbudvīpasya darśayitāro agre-bhāva-pratyaṃśatāyāstu tathā vihāra-svāmino
<lb n="10" />roṭa-siddhavṛddhi sarveṣāṃ bhrātarāṇāṃ bhaginīnāṃ patnīnāṃ putrāṇāṃ duhitṛṇāṃ mahārāja-toramāṇa-ṣāha-ja<unclear>ūvlaḥ</unclear> sa
<lb break="no" n="11" />rveṣāṃ devīnāṃ rājaputrāṇāṃ rāja-duhitānāṃ ca sarva-satvānāṃ a<surplus>||</surplus>nuttara-jñānāvāptaye<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> ayaṃ puna<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied> vihārasyo
<lb break="no" n="12" />pakaraṇa cāturdiśe bhikṣu-saṃghe parigrahe ācārya-<unclear>ma</unclear>hī-ś<unclear>āsakānāṃ</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <unclear cert="low">sāddha</unclear>ka-pu <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>treṇa</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>ā</unclear><unclear cert="low">cā</unclear><unclear>rya</unclear>
<lb n="13" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="illegible" />
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>
Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported and edited in #Bühler_1892.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1809
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.56
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
V. Kura 1
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
356
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://relaxng.org/ns/structure/1.0"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
<TEI xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0" xml:lang="eng-Latn" xml:space="preserve">
<teiHeader>
<fileDesc>
<titleStmt>
<title>Kura Inscription of Toramana</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00101</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Kura Stone of Toramana</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00092</idno>
<repository>Lahore Museum</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / sandstone</material>
<objectType>slab</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>71</width>
<height>51</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A sandstone slab without decoration. The bottom 15 cm of the surface is not inscribed.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>65</width>
<height>35</height>
</dimensions>
<p>Thirteen lines of unequal length. The campus size is estimated. The first three lines are badly damaged at the beginning and end, while last lines seems to have been deleted. The end of line 12 may also have been deleted and re-written. Previous editors say the rest of the stone is blank, but from the facsimile it is my impression that there may in fact have been writing on the entire surface (probably 18 lines total, the last short), but everything from line 13 has been erased.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class; nail-headed Gupta characters with some peculiar forms</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>?Kurā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Found at Kurā in the Salt Range (now Pakistan; probably modern-day Khewra, 32.632506, 73.012622; #Salomon_1989:32 says Kurā is in Sargodha District, which almost fits Khewra; an alternative possibility is Khura at 32.525737, 72.220557). For the latest location, Bhandarkar may just be citing #Bühler_1892; he probably did not verify the location.</p>
</history>
</msDesc>
</sourceDesc>
</fileDesc></teiHeader>
<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p><lb n="1" /><supplied reason="undefined">rājādhi</supplied><unclear>rā</unclear>ja-mahārāja-toramāṇa-ṣāh<unclear>i</unclear>-jaū<supplied reason="undefined">vlasyā</supplied><unclear cert="low">bhivardha</unclear><unclear>mānarā</unclear>j<unclear>y</unclear>e <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear cert="low">saṃvatsare</unclear>
<lb n="2" /><gap precision="low" quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" />me mārgaśira-māsa-śukla-dvitīyāyāM candra-<unclear>ma-gra</unclear><unclear cert="low">haṇa</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> gaga<supplied cert="low" reason="undefined">na</supplied>-
<lb n="3" /><unclear cert="low">care ca</unclear> vara <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> śuci-śāta-dhyānādhyayana-mokṣa-cittānukūle prad<unclear>i</unclear><unclear cert="low">ṣṭa</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="8" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <supplied reason="undefined">na</supplied>
<lb break="no" n="4" />kṣatre bhagavato buddhasya de<space quantity="1" unit="character" />vātidevasya sarva-pāpa-parikṣīṇa-sarva-puṇya-samudgata<unclear>sya</unclear>
<lb n="5" />tīrṇa-sa<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied>sārārṇava satvānāṃ tārayitā daśa-bala-balina cat<unclear>u</unclear>-vaiśāradya-catasra-prati<unclear>sa</unclear><unclear cert="low">ṃvidā</unclear>
<lb n="6" />aṣṭādaśāveṇīkādbhuta-dharma-samanvāgatasya sarva-satva-vatsala-mahā-kāruṇikasya bu
<lb break="no" n="7" />ddha-pramukha-cāturdiśe bhikṣu-saṃghe deya-dharmo ya<supplied reason="omitted">ṃ</supplied> vihāra pratiṣṭhāpana naścīra-pati-praśastā
<lb break="no" n="8" />dārita-nāmadheya-viśeṣa-vṛddhiḥ roṭṭa-jaya<space quantity="1" unit="character" />vṛddhi aneka-vihāra-svāmino satputreṇa<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> yad atra puṇyaṃ tad bhava<unclear>tu</unclear>
<lb n="9" />m<unclear>ā</unclear>tāpitro<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> āpāyaka-poṣaka-citrasya jaṃbudvīpasya darśayitāro agre-bhāva-pratyaṃśatāyāstu tathā vihāra-svāmino
<lb n="10" />roṭa-siddhavṛddhi sarveṣāṃ bhrātarāṇāṃ bhaginīnāṃ patnīnāṃ putrāṇāṃ duhitṛṇāṃ mahārāja-toramāṇa-ṣāha-ja<unclear>ūvlaḥ</unclear> sa
<lb break="no" n="11" />rveṣāṃ devīnāṃ rājaputrāṇāṃ rāja-duhitānāṃ ca sarva-satvānāṃ a<surplus>||</surplus>nuttara-jñānāvāptaye<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> ayaṃ puna<supplied reason="omitted">r</supplied> vihārasyo
<lb break="no" n="12" />pakaraṇa cāturdiśe bhikṣu-saṃghe parigrahe ācārya-<unclear>ma</unclear>hī-ś<unclear>āsakānāṃ</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied> <unclear cert="low">sāddha</unclear>ka-pu <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>treṇa</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>ā</unclear><unclear cert="low">cā</unclear><unclear>rya</unclear>
<lb n="13" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="illegible" />
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>