The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Udayagiri Jaina Cave Inscription of the Time of Kumaragupta I

Eight lines, intact except for some chipping at the edges. The inscribed area is an oblong with the lower right (proper left) corner missing, but this is the original shape of the inscription, not a subsequent break. The modern numerals 31245 are inscribed below the last line, as observed by Fleet but not by Cunningham. The tops of these numerals are visible below puṇyam in the rubbing, and they seem to be Devanagari.

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00054
Inscription URI
IN00060

Basic Metadata

Extent
39 cm width x 20 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class
Script size
1
Reigning Monarch
Kumāragupta I
Date (min)
424
Date (max)
425
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 106 kārttika kṛṣṇa 5 (era: Gupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic.
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Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Udayagiri Jaina Cave Inscription of the Time of Kumaragupta I</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>Cunningham (#ASIR_10:53-54) gives the cave the number 10; Agrawala calls it Cave 20. The cave is high up in the northwestern end of the hill, about 100 metres beyond the "Amrita Cave." It consists of several rooms separated by walls constructed of stone. According to Cunningham (ibid.) the inscription is on the rock face in one of the northern rooms, while Fleet (#Fleet_1888:258) says it is on a partly natural and partly artificial low arch, leading from the principal room to the next room towards the east. The inscribed area is irregular and apparently not set off from the surface in any way, hence dimensions are recorded for the inscription only. Cunningham (ibid.) also observes that the inscription is damaged at the edges due to chipping of the angular rock surfaces, which seems to imply that it is on the inside of an arch or doorway, through a wall whose thickness is the width of the inscription. Dimensions given above are those of the inscription.</p>
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<p>Eight lines, intact except for some chipping at the edges. The inscribed area is an oblong with the lower right (proper left) corner missing, but this is the original shape of the inscription, not a subsequent break. The modern numerals 31245 are inscribed below the last line, as observed by Fleet but not (yet?) by Cunningham. The tops of these numerals are visible below puṇyam in the rubbing, and they seem to be Devanagari.</p>
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<lg met="indravajrā" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
śrī-saṃyutānāṃ guṇa-toyadhīnāṃ
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<l>
gupt-ānvayānāṃ nṛpa-sattamānāṃ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="2" />rājye kulasyābhivivarddhamāne</l>
<l>
ṣaḍbhir yyute varṣa-śate tha māse</l>
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<lg met="rucirā" n="2">
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su-kārttike bahula-dine tha paṃca<unclear>m</unclear>e</l>
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<lb n="3" /><unclear>gu</unclear>hā-mukhe sphaṭa-vikaṭotkaṭām imāṃ
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</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
jita-dviṣo jina-vara-pārśva-samjñikāṃ</l>
<l>
jinākṛtiṃ śama-damavān a<lb break="no" n="4" />cīkaraT
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</lg></lg>
<lg met="indravajrā" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
ācāryya-bhadrānvaya-bhūṣaṇasya</l>
<l>
śiṣyo hy asāv āryya-kulodgatasya</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
ācāryya-gośa<lb break="no" n="5" /><unclear>rmma</unclear>-munes sutas tu</l>
<l>
padmāvatāv aśvapater bbhaṭasya
</l>
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<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
parair ajeyasya ripughna-māninas</l>
<l>
sa saṅghi<lb break="no" n="6" />lasyety abhiviśruto bhuvi</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
sva-saṃjñayā śaṅkara-nāma-śabdito</l>
<l>
vidhāna-yuktaṃ yati-mā<lb break="no" n="7" />rggam āsthitaḥ</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upendravajrā" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
sa uttarāṇāṃ sadṛśe kurūṇāṃ</l>
<l>
udag-diśā-deśa-vare prasūtaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="8" />kṣayāya karmmāri-gaṇasya dhīmāN
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<l>
yad atra puṇyaṃ tad apāsasarjja</l>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported (with eye copy, transliteration and translation by Raja Shivprasad Sitar-e-Hind) in #ASIR_10:53-54. Edited in #Hultzsch_1882, re-edited in #Fleet_1888. Summarised in #Trivedi_2001:22 (No. 8). Discussed in #ARADGW_1923-24:10-11. @@@Annual Report Arch Dep Samvat 1980
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
61
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1265
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
20
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
142-144
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>Cunningham (#ASIR_10:53-54) gives the cave the number 10; Agrawala calls it Cave 20. The cave is high up in the northwestern end of the hill, about 100 metres beyond the "Amrita Cave." It consists of several rooms separated by walls constructed of stone. According to Cunningham (ibid.) the inscription is on the rock face in one of the northern rooms, while Fleet (#Fleet_1888:258) says it is on a partly natural and partly artificial low arch, leading from the principal room to the next room towards the east. The inscribed area is irregular and apparently not set off from the surface in any way, hence dimensions are recorded for the inscription only. Cunningham (ibid.) also observes that the inscription is damaged at the edges due to chipping of the angular rock surfaces, which seems to imply that it is on the inside of an arch or doorway, through a wall whose thickness is the width of the inscription. Dimensions given above are those of the inscription.</p>
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<dimensions unit="cm">
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<p>Eight lines, intact except for some chipping at the edges. The inscribed area is an oblong with the lower right (proper left) corner missing, but this is the original shape of the inscription, not a subsequent break. The modern numerals 31245 are inscribed below the last line, as observed by Fleet but not (yet?) by Cunningham. The tops of these numerals are visible below puṇyam in the rubbing, and they seem to be Devanagari.</p>
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<lb n="1" />namaḥ siddhebhyaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
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<lg met="indravajrā" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
śrī-saṃyutānāṃ guṇa-toyadhīnāṃ
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<l>
gupt-ānvayānāṃ nṛpa-sattamānāṃ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="2" />rājye kulasyābhivivarddhamāne</l>
<l>
ṣaḍbhir yyute varṣa-śate tha māse</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="rucirā" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
su-kārttike bahula-dine tha paṃca<unclear>m</unclear>e</l>
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<lb n="3" /><unclear>gu</unclear>hā-mukhe sphaṭa-vikaṭotkaṭām imāṃ
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</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
jita-dviṣo jina-vara-pārśva-samjñikāṃ</l>
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jinākṛtiṃ śama-damavān a<lb break="no" n="4" />cīkaraT
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<lg met="indravajrā" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
ācāryya-bhadrānvaya-bhūṣaṇasya</l>
<l>
śiṣyo hy asāv āryya-kulodgatasya</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
ācāryya-gośa<lb break="no" n="5" /><unclear>rmma</unclear>-munes sutas tu</l>
<l>
padmāvatāv aśvapater bbhaṭasya
</l>
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<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
parair ajeyasya ripughna-māninas</l>
<l>
sa saṅghi<lb break="no" n="6" />lasyety abhiviśruto bhuvi</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
sva-saṃjñayā śaṅkara-nāma-śabdito</l>
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vidhāna-yuktaṃ yati-mā<lb break="no" n="7" />rggam āsthitaḥ</l>
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<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
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sa uttarāṇāṃ sadṛśe kurūṇāṃ</l>
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udag-diśā-deśa-vare prasūtaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="8" />kṣayāya karmmāri-gaṇasya dhīmāN
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yad atra puṇyaṃ tad apāsasarjja</l>
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