The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Bhitari Seal Legend of Kumaragupta II

8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated from photo.

Object URI
OB00050
Inscription URI
IN00055

Basic Metadata

Extent
10 cm width x 5 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class
Script size
0.3
Reigning Monarch
Kumāragupta II
Date (min)
470
Date (max)
515
Date comments
Basis of dating: approximate reign of Kumāragupta II (III?).
Toggle Width
Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Bhitari Seal Legend of Kumaragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<msName>Bhitari Metal Seal of Kumaragupta II</msName>
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<material>metal / billon</material>
<objectType>seal</objectType>
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<p>An oval seal, pointed at the top and bottom. It is surrounded by a raised rim about 2 cm wide on average and 0.9 cm high. The back has two knobs about 1 cm in diameter, probably serving to attach the seal to another object such as a copper plate. It is an alloy consisting of copper, silver and gold, about 63, 36 and 0.4 percent respectively. (Billon is a generic term for a silver or gold alloy containing a majority of base metal, usually copper.) The upper section (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an image of Garuḍa in fairly high relief on a countersunk surface. He faces front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled around his neck. A circle and a crescent - perhaps cakra and śaṅkha; or Sun and Moon according to #Sastri_1942:66 and Bhandarkar - appear in the field to his proper right and left respectively. See #Bhandarkar_1981:359 for some more details.</p>
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<p>8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated from photo.</p>
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<height unit="cm">0.3</height>
<p>northern class</p>
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<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>?Bhitari</origPlace>
<origDate />
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<p>Discovered before 1886 in Bhitarī (Sayyidpur Tahsil, Gazipur District, UP) while digging foundations for a building.</p>
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<unclear>sar</unclear>v<unclear>v</unclear>a-rājocchettuhf pṛthivyām apratirathasya mahārāja-śrī-g<unclear>u</unclear>pta-prapaut<unclear>tr</unclear>asya mahārāja-śrī-ghaṭotkaca-pauttrasya ma<unclear>hā</unclear><lb break="no" n="2" /><unclear>rājā</unclear>dhir<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-candragupta-puttrasya licchav<unclear>i-dauhittras</unclear>ya ma<unclear>hāde</unclear>vyā<unclear>ṃ kumā</unclear>rad<unclear>e</unclear>vyām utpannasya mahārājādhirāja<lb n="3" />ś<unclear>rī</unclear>-samudraguptasya puttras tat-parig<unclear>ṛ</unclear>h<unclear>ī</unclear>to ma<unclear>hāde</unclear>vyā<unclear>n da</unclear>t<unclear>t</unclear>ad<unclear>e</unclear>vy<unclear>ā</unclear>m utpannas svayaṃ c<unclear>ā</unclear>pratirathaf paramabhāga<lb break="no" n="4" /><unclear>vato mahā</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>j<unclear>ā</unclear>dhirāja-śrī-candrag<unclear>u</unclear>p<unclear>t</unclear>a<unclear>s ta</unclear>sya p<unclear>u</unclear>t<unclear>tr</unclear>as tat-pād <unclear>ā</unclear>nud<unclear>dh</unclear>y<unclear>ā</unclear>to mahādevy<unclear>āṃ</unclear> dhr<unclear>u</unclear>vadevyām utpanno mah<unclear>ā</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear><lb break="no" n="5" /><unclear>jādhi</unclear>rāja-śrī-kumārag<unclear>u</unclear>ptas tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyām anantadevy<unclear>ā</unclear>m utpanno mahā<unclear>rā</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="6" /><unclear>jā</unclear>dh<unclear>i</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-pur<unclear>u</unclear>g<unclear>u</unclear>p<unclear>t</unclear>as tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhy<unclear>ā</unclear>t<unclear>o</unclear> mahādev<unclear>y</unclear>ā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> śrī-can<unclear>dr</unclear>adevyām utpan<unclear>no</unclear> ma<unclear>hā</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="7" />r<unclear>ā</unclear>j<unclear>ā</unclear>dh<unclear>i</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-naras<unclear>i</unclear>ṃhaguptas tasya p<unclear>u</unclear>ttras tat-<unclear>p</unclear>ād-ā<unclear>nu</unclear>d<unclear>dh</unclear>y<unclear>ā</unclear>t<unclear>o</unclear> mah<unclear>ā</unclear>d<unclear>e</unclear>v<unclear>yāṃ</unclear> śrī-m<unclear>i</unclear>t<unclear>tr</unclear>a<unclear>de</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="8" />v<unclear>yā</unclear>m ut<unclear>p</unclear>annaf paramabh-<unclear>ā</unclear>gavato mah<unclear>ā</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>j<unclear>ā</unclear>dh<unclear>i</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-kum<unclear>ā</unclear>rag<unclear>uptaḥ</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First announced in the newspaper Pioneer, 13 May 1889. Remarks by Vincent Smith in 28 May 1889 issue. Detailed account in #Smith_1889. Edited (with photograph) in #Hoernle_1889. Re-edited in #Fleet_1890. Text also published in #Sastri_1942:66-67. Discussed in #Willis_2005.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
46
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1551
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.32
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
43
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
271-273
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<msName>Bhitari Metal Seal of Kumaragupta II</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00050</idno>
<repository>Government Museum, Lakhnau</repository>
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<material>metal / billon</material>
<objectType>seal</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>11.7</width>
<height>14.6</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">695</measure>
</extent>
<p>An oval seal, pointed at the top and bottom. It is surrounded by a raised rim about 2 cm wide on average and 0.9 cm high. The back has two knobs about 1 cm in diameter, probably serving to attach the seal to another object such as a copper plate. It is an alloy consisting of copper, silver and gold, about 63, 36 and 0.4 percent respectively. (Billon is a generic term for a silver or gold alloy containing a majority of base metal, usually copper.) The upper section (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an image of Garuḍa in fairly high relief on a countersunk surface. He faces front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled around his neck. A circle and a crescent - perhaps cakra and śaṅkha; or Sun and Moon according to #Sastri_1942:66 and Bhandarkar - appear in the field to his proper right and left respectively. See #Bhandarkar_1981:359 for some more details.</p>
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<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>10</width>
<height>5</height>
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<p>8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated from photo.</p>
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</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">0.3</height>
<p>northern class</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>?Bhitari</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered before 1886 in Bhitarī (Sayyidpur Tahsil, Gazipur District, UP) while digging foundations for a building.</p>
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<body>
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<unclear>sar</unclear>v<unclear>v</unclear>a-rājocchettuhf pṛthivyām apratirathasya mahārāja-śrī-g<unclear>u</unclear>pta-prapaut<unclear>tr</unclear>asya mahārāja-śrī-ghaṭotkaca-pauttrasya ma<unclear>hā</unclear><lb break="no" n="2" /><unclear>rājā</unclear>dhir<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-candragupta-puttrasya licchav<unclear>i-dauhittras</unclear>ya ma<unclear>hāde</unclear>vyā<unclear>ṃ kumā</unclear>rad<unclear>e</unclear>vyām utpannasya mahārājādhirāja<lb n="3" />ś<unclear>rī</unclear>-samudraguptasya puttras tat-parig<unclear>ṛ</unclear>h<unclear>ī</unclear>to ma<unclear>hāde</unclear>vyā<unclear>n da</unclear>t<unclear>t</unclear>ad<unclear>e</unclear>vy<unclear>ā</unclear>m utpannas svayaṃ c<unclear>ā</unclear>pratirathaf paramabhāga<lb break="no" n="4" /><unclear>vato mahā</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>j<unclear>ā</unclear>dhirāja-śrī-candrag<unclear>u</unclear>p<unclear>t</unclear>a<unclear>s ta</unclear>sya p<unclear>u</unclear>t<unclear>tr</unclear>as tat-pād <unclear>ā</unclear>nud<unclear>dh</unclear>y<unclear>ā</unclear>to mahādevy<unclear>āṃ</unclear> dhr<unclear>u</unclear>vadevyām utpanno mah<unclear>ā</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear><lb break="no" n="5" /><unclear>jādhi</unclear>rāja-śrī-kumārag<unclear>u</unclear>ptas tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyām anantadevy<unclear>ā</unclear>m utpanno mahā<unclear>rā</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="6" /><unclear>jā</unclear>dh<unclear>i</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-pur<unclear>u</unclear>g<unclear>u</unclear>p<unclear>t</unclear>as tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhy<unclear>ā</unclear>t<unclear>o</unclear> mahādev<unclear>y</unclear>ā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> śrī-can<unclear>dr</unclear>adevyām utpan<unclear>no</unclear> ma<unclear>hā</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="7" />r<unclear>ā</unclear>j<unclear>ā</unclear>dh<unclear>i</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-naras<unclear>i</unclear>ṃhaguptas tasya p<unclear>u</unclear>ttras tat-<unclear>p</unclear>ād-ā<unclear>nu</unclear>d<unclear>dh</unclear>y<unclear>ā</unclear>t<unclear>o</unclear> mah<unclear>ā</unclear>d<unclear>e</unclear>v<unclear>yāṃ</unclear> śrī-m<unclear>i</unclear>t<unclear>tr</unclear>a<unclear>de</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="8" />v<unclear>yā</unclear>m ut<unclear>p</unclear>annaf paramabh-<unclear>ā</unclear>gavato mah<unclear>ā</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>j<unclear>ā</unclear>dh<unclear>i</unclear>r<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-kum<unclear>ā</unclear>rag<unclear>uptaḥ</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
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