The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Nalanda Seal Legend 2 of Kumaragupta II

8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated.

Object URI
OB00049
Inscription URI
IN00054

Basic Metadata

Extent
7 cm width x 5 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class; mixed features of southern and eastern Gupta style
Reigning Monarch
Kumāragupta II
Date (min)
470
Date (max)
515
Date comments
Basis of dating: approximate reign of Kumāragupta II (III?).
Toggle Width
Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Nalanda Seal Legend 2 of Kumaragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00054</idno>
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<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Nalanda Clay Seal 2 of Kumaragupta II</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00049</idno>
<repository>probably in the Archaeological Museum, Nalanda</repository>
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<physDesc>
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<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>clay / terracotta</material>
<objectType>seal / fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>9.8</width>
<height>11.1</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>An oval seal, clearly marked by a border. The upper field (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an effigy of Garuḍa facing front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled aroung his neck. A circle and a crescent - perhaps cakra and śaṅkha; or Sun and Moon according to #Sastri_1942:66 and Bhandarkar - appear in the field to his proper right and left respectively. See #Bhandarkar_1981:356 for some more details. This second specimen is broken in a vertical line, so the proper right side (nearly half) is lost. It is, however, larger and more clearly and expertly produced than the first specimen (%OB00048). This second specimen is also noteworthy in that its section shows a hole running through from top to bottom and containing remnants of string or cloth that was evidently used to bind the document that had been sealed.</p>
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<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>7</width>
<height>5</height>
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<p>8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size is a guess.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class; mixed features of southern and eastern Gupta style</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Nālandā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1927-28 during the excavation of Monastery site 1 at Nālandā along with %OB00034, %OB00044, %OB00046, %OB00047, %OB00048 and %OB00052. All these seals are clay impressions that seem to have been baked accidentally in a monastery fire.</p>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" />
<supplied reason="lost">sarvva-rājocchettuf pṛthivyām apratira</supplied><unclear>tha</unclear>sya mahārāja-śrī-gupta-pra<unclear>pau</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">ttrasya mahā</supplied><unclear>rāja-śrī-ghaṭotka</unclear>ca-pauttrasya mahā<lb break="no" n="2" /><supplied reason="lost">rājādhirāja-śrī-candragupta-puttrasya li</supplied>cchavi-dauhittrasya mahādevyāṃ kumāradevyām utpannasya mah<supplied reason="undefined">ā</supplied>r<supplied reason="undefined">ā</supplied>jādhirāja<lb n="3" /><supplied reason="lost">śrī-samudraguptasya puttras tat-parigṛ</supplied>hīto mahādevyān dattadevyām u<unclear>tpanna</unclear>s svayaṃ cāpratirathaf parama-bhāga<lb break="no" n="4" /><supplied reason="lost">vato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-candragupta</supplied><unclear>s ta</unclear>sya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahād<unclear>e</unclear>vy<unclear>āṃ</unclear> dhruvadevyām utpanno mahārā<lb break="no" n="5" /><supplied reason="lost">jādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptas ta</supplied>sya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyām anantadevyām utpanno mahā<lb break="no" n="6" /><supplied reason="lost">rājādhirāja-śrī-puruguptas ta</supplied>sya puttras tat-p<unclear>ā</unclear>dānuddhyāt<supplied reason="undefined">o</supplied> mahā- devyāṃ śrī-candradevyām utpanno mahā<lb break="no" n="7" /><supplied reason="lost">rājādhirāja-śrī-narasiṃha</supplied>guptas tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyāṃ śrī-mittrade<lb break="no" n="8" /><supplied reason="lost">vyām utpannaf parama</supplied>-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>
Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
See %IN00053 for references; the two specimens are not discussed separately.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
45
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
271-273
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://relaxng.org/ns/structure/1.0"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
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<titleStmt>
<title>Nalanda Seal Legend 2 of Kumaragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00054</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Nalanda Clay Seal 2 of Kumaragupta II</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00049</idno>
<repository>probably in the Archaeological Museum, Nalanda</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>clay / terracotta</material>
<objectType>seal / fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>9.8</width>
<height>11.1</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>An oval seal, clearly marked by a border. The upper field (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an effigy of Garuḍa facing front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled aroung his neck. A circle and a crescent - perhaps cakra and śaṅkha; or Sun and Moon according to #Sastri_1942:66 and Bhandarkar - appear in the field to his proper right and left respectively. See #Bhandarkar_1981:356 for some more details. This second specimen is broken in a vertical line, so the proper right side (nearly half) is lost. It is, however, larger and more clearly and expertly produced than the first specimen (%OB00048). This second specimen is also noteworthy in that its section shows a hole running through from top to bottom and containing remnants of string or cloth that was evidently used to bind the document that had been sealed.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>7</width>
<height>5</height>
</dimensions>
<p>8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size is a guess.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class; mixed features of southern and eastern Gupta style</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Nālandā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1927-28 during the excavation of Monastery site 1 at Nālandā along with %OB00034, %OB00044, %OB00046, %OB00047, %OB00048 and %OB00052. All these seals are clay impressions that seem to have been baked accidentally in a monastery fire.</p>
</history>
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</sourceDesc>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" />
<supplied reason="lost">sarvva-rājocchettuf pṛthivyām apratira</supplied><unclear>tha</unclear>sya mahārāja-śrī-gupta-pra<unclear>pau</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">ttrasya mahā</supplied><unclear>rāja-śrī-ghaṭotka</unclear>ca-pauttrasya mahā<lb break="no" n="2" /><supplied reason="lost">rājādhirāja-śrī-candragupta-puttrasya li</supplied>cchavi-dauhittrasya mahādevyāṃ kumāradevyām utpannasya mah<supplied reason="undefined">ā</supplied>r<supplied reason="undefined">ā</supplied>jādhirāja<lb n="3" /><supplied reason="lost">śrī-samudraguptasya puttras tat-parigṛ</supplied>hīto mahādevyān dattadevyām u<unclear>tpanna</unclear>s svayaṃ cāpratirathaf parama-bhāga<lb break="no" n="4" /><supplied reason="lost">vato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-candragupta</supplied><unclear>s ta</unclear>sya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahād<unclear>e</unclear>vy<unclear>āṃ</unclear> dhruvadevyām utpanno mahārā<lb break="no" n="5" /><supplied reason="lost">jādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptas ta</supplied>sya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyām anantadevyām utpanno mahā<lb break="no" n="6" /><supplied reason="lost">rājādhirāja-śrī-puruguptas ta</supplied>sya puttras tat-p<unclear>ā</unclear>dānuddhyāt<supplied reason="undefined">o</supplied> mahā- devyāṃ śrī-candradevyām utpanno mahā<lb break="no" n="7" /><supplied reason="lost">rājādhirāja-śrī-narasiṃha</supplied>guptas tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyāṃ śrī-mittrade<lb break="no" n="8" /><supplied reason="lost">vyām utpannaf parama</supplied>-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
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