The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Bihar Sharif Pillar Inscription 2

The inscription is on the octagonal section; this second inscription is below the first, separated by a double horizontal line extending from the left edge of the extant portion to the right margin of the present inscription. The inscription probably occupied only three of the faces covered by the first inscription. An unknown number of lines are lost at the end. Dimensions are estimated on the basis of the drawing of the pillar and the dimensions of the two inscriptions (%I-0047 and %I-0048) which together measure 40 by 104 cm.

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00043
Inscription URI
IN00048

Basic Metadata

Extent
27 cm width x 60 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class
Script size
1-1.6
Date (min)
468
Date (max)
500
Date comments
Basis of dating: later than Skandagupta, but only by one generation; possibly of Budhagupta.
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Edition
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<material>stone / sandstone, red</material>
<objectType>pillar / fragment</objectType>
<extent>
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<width>~60</width>
<height>434</height>
<depth>~60</depth>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>No detailed description of the column is available; the information here has been gleaned from Plate XVII in #ASIR_01. The bottom of the pillar is broken off. The extant lower portion is octagonal and 175 cm long; above this there is an apparently circular shaft 221 cm long, followed by a square section (unless this bit is circular too)for a further 38 cm.</p>
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<width>27</width>
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<p>The inscription is on the octagonal section; this second inscription is below the first, separated by a double horizontal line extending from the left edge of the extant portion to the right margin of the present inscription. The inscription occupies only three of the faces covered by the first inscription. An unknown number of lines are lost at the end. Dimensions are estimated on the basis of the drawing of the pillar and the dimensions of the two inscriptions (%IN00047 and %IN00048) which together measure 40 by 104 cm.</p>
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<height unit="cm">1-1.6</height>
<p>northern class</p>
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<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>?Bihar Sharif</origPlace>
<origDate />
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<p>Discovered by E. L. Ravenshaw in 1839, at which time it was installed upside down on high ground a little to the west of the northern gate of the fort of Bihar (present Bihar Sharif). He was told that it had been moved here from in front of the same gate. Cunningham (in the early 1860's?) found it fallen where Ravenshaw had seen it erect. In 1871 it was moved in front of the Bihar Court House by A. M. Broadley, who is also responsible for a number of crude English inscriptions on the faces of the pillar not inscribed in antiquity (reported in #ASIR_11:192-193). It was subsequently used to support the roof of a house built up around it. At this time it was still installed upside down, with the bottom (current top) 8 lines completely hidden by woodwork. These used to be only available in Mitra's and Cunningham's eye copies. In 1927 the pillar was moved to the Patna Museum.</p>
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<lb n="19" /> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> name bhaṭṭa-guhilasvāminā bhadrā<unclear>r</unclear>yyakā
<lb n="20" /> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> m*g*p<unclear>r</unclear>ati <gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> #ā#āgrokaya <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> nākaya
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported in #Ravenshaw_1839. Published (with reading and eye copy) in #Mitra_1866. Discussed (with new eye copy) in #ASIR_01:37-38. Edited in #Fleet_1888. Corrections proposed in #Majumdar_1943-44. Discussed in #Goyal_1980.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
12
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
41
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1548
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.30
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
38
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
204-208
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<p>No detailed description of the column is available; the information here has been gleaned from Plate XVII in #ASIR_01. The bottom of the pillar is broken off. The extant lower portion is octagonal and 175 cm long; above this there is an apparently circular shaft 221 cm long, followed by a square section (unless this bit is circular too)for a further 38 cm.</p>
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<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>27</width>
<height>60</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is on the octagonal section; this second inscription is below the first, separated by a double horizontal line extending from the left edge of the extant portion to the right margin of the present inscription. The inscription occupies only three of the faces covered by the first inscription. An unknown number of lines are lost at the end. Dimensions are estimated on the basis of the drawing of the pillar and the dimensions of the two inscriptions (%IN00047 and %IN00048) which together measure 40 by 104 cm.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1-1.6</height>
<p>northern class</p>
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<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>?Bihar Sharif</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by E. L. Ravenshaw in 1839, at which time it was installed upside down on high ground a little to the west of the northern gate of the fort of Bihar (present Bihar Sharif). He was told that it had been moved here from in front of the same gate. Cunningham (in the early 1860's?) found it fallen where Ravenshaw had seen it erect. In 1871 it was moved in front of the Bihar Court House by A. M. Broadley, who is also responsible for a number of crude English inscriptions on the faces of the pillar not inscribed in antiquity (reported in #ASIR_11:192-193). It was subsequently used to support the roof of a house built up around it. At this time it was still installed upside down, with the bottom (current top) 8 lines completely hidden by woodwork. These used to be only available in Mitra's and Cunningham's eye copies. In 1927 the pillar was moved to the Patna Museum.</p>
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<lb n="1" />
<gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <supplied reason="lost">sarvva-rāj-ocche</supplied>ttuḥ p<sic>ri</sic>thivyām apratirathasya <lb n="2" /><supplied reason="lost">catur-udadhi-salilāsvādita-yaśaso dhanada-varuṇe</supplied>ndr-āntaka-samasya kṛtānta-<lb n="3" /><supplied reason="lost">paraśoḥ nyāyāgatāneka-go-hiraṇya-koṭi-pradasya ciro</supplied>tsannāśvamedhāharttuḥ <lb n="4" /><supplied reason="lost">mahārāja-śrī-gupta-prapauttrasya mahārāja-śrī-ghaṭo</supplied>tkaca-pauttrasya mahārājā<lb break="no" n="5" /><supplied reason="lost">dhirāja-śrī-candragupta-puttrasya licchavi-dauhittrasya ma</supplied>hā-devyāṃ kumāradevyām utpannasya<lb n="6" /><supplied reason="lost">mahārājādhirāja-śrī-samudraguptasya puttra</supplied>s tat-parigṛhīto mahādevyāṃ <lb n="7" /><supplied reason="lost">dattadevyām utpannaḥ svayam apratirathaḥ para</supplied>ma-bhāgavato mahārājā<lb break="no" n="8" /><supplied reason="lost">dhirāja-śrī-candraguptas tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyā</supplied>to mahādevyāṃ dhruvadevyām <lb n="9" /><supplied reason="lost">utpannaḥ parama-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptas tasya</supplied> puttras tat-pādānuddhyātaḥ <lb n="10" /><supplied reason="lost">mahādevyām anantadevyām utpannaḥ parama-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-</supplied><unclear cert="low">pu</unclear><unclear>ru</unclear>guptaḥ <lb n="11" /><supplied reason="lost">tasya puttras tat-pādānudhyāto mahādevyāṃ candradevyām utpannaḥ</supplied> parama-bhāgavato <lb n="12" /><supplied reason="lost">mahārājādhirāja-śrī-budhaguptaḥ</supplied> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <supplied reason="lost">vai</supplied>ṣayikājapuraka-<unclear>sā</unclear><unclear cert="low">mai</unclear>
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<lb n="14" /> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> kṛ <gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="lost" unit="character" /> *uparika-kumārāmātya-
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<lb n="16" /> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <supplied reason="lost">ā</supplied>grahārika-śaulkika-gaulmikāsanyāṃ <unclear cert="low">śra</unclear>
<lb n="17" /> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> vās<supplied reason="lost">i</supplied>kādīn asmat-prasādopajīvinaḥ
<lb n="18" /> <supplied reason="lost">samājñāpayāmi</supplied> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> varmmaṇā vijñāpito smi mama pitāmahena
<lb n="19" /> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> name bhaṭṭa-guhilasvāminā bhadrā<unclear>r</unclear>yyakā
<lb n="20" /> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> m*g*p<unclear>r</unclear>ati <gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> #ā#āgrokaya <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> nākaya
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