The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Bihar Sharif Pillar Inscription 1

Description

The inscription is on the octagonal section; this first inscription seems to have occupied four faces. Dimensions are estimated on the basis of the drawing of the pillar and the dimensions of the two inscriptions (%I-0047 and %I-0048) which together measure 40 by 104 cm.

Object Reference
Inscription URI
IN00047
Object URI
OB00043

Basic Metadata

Extent
22 cm width x 44 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class
Script size
1-1.6
Date (min)
447
Date (max)
475
Date comments
Basis of dating: later than Kumāragupta I, probably of the time of his son, probably Skandagupta. Earlier than %IN00048.
Toggle Width
Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://relaxng.org/ns/structure/1.0"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
<TEI xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0" xml:lang="eng-Latn" xml:space="preserve">
<teiHeader>
<fileDesc>
<titleStmt>
<title>Bihar Sharif Pillar Inscription 1</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00047</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Bihar Sharif Pillar</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00043</idno>
<repository>Patna Museum</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / sandstone, red</material>
<objectType>pillar / fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>~60</width>
<height>434</height>
<depth>~60</depth>
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>No detailed description of the column is available; the information here has been gleaned from Plate XVII in #ASIR_01. The bottom of the pillar is broken off. The extant lower portion is octagonal and 175 cm long; above this there is an apparently circular shaft 221 cm long, followed by a square section (unless this bit is circular too)for a further 38 cm.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>22</width>
<height>44</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is on the octagonal section; this first inscription occupies four faces. Dimensions are estimated on the basis of the drawing of the pillar and the dimensions of the two inscriptions (%IN00047 and %IN00048) which together measure 40 by 104 cm.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1-1.6</height>
<p>northern class</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>?Bihar Sharif</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by E. L. Ravenshaw in 1839, at which time it was installed upside down on high ground a little to the west of the northern gate of the fort of Bihar (present Bihar Sharif). He was told that it had been moved here from in front of the same gate. Cunningham (in the early 1860's?) found it fallen where Ravenshaw had seen it erect. In 1871 it was moved in front of the Bihar Court House by A. M. Broadley, who is also responsible for a number of crude English inscriptions on the faces of the pillar not inscribed in antiquity (reported in #ASIR_11:192-193). It was subsequently used to support the roof of a house built up around it. At this time it was still installed upside down, with the bottom (current top) 8 lines completely hidden by woodwork. These used to be only available in Mitra's and Cunningham's eye copies. In 1927 the pillar was moved to the Patna Museum.</p>
</history>
</msDesc>
</sourceDesc>
</fileDesc></teiHeader>
<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><lg met="upajāti" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="1" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> ḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
nṛ-candra indrānuja-tulya-vīryyo
</l>
<l>
guṇair atulyaḥ <seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="2" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear>ta</unclear>syāpi sūnur bhuvi svāmi-neyaḥ
</l>
<l>
khyātaḥ sva-kīrttyā <seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="3" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear>sva</unclear>saiva yasyātula-vikrameṇa</l>
<l>
kumāragup<unclear>t</unclear>e<unclear>na</unclear> <seg met=".=.=*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="4" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
p<unclear>i</unclear>t<sic>ṛ</sic>ṃś ca devāṃś ca hi havya-kavyaiḥ</l>
<l>
sadānṛśaṃsyādi <seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="5" />
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<supplied reason="undefined">a</supplied>cīkarad deva-niketa-maṇḍalaṃ</l>
<l>
kṣitāv an-aupamya <seg met=".=.=.*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha?" n="6">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="6" />
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear cert="low">baṭe</unclear> kila stambha-var-occhr<sic>i</sic>ya-prabhā
</l>
<l>
setu maṇḍa <gap extent="unknown" reason="illegible" /> <supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="praharṣiṇī?" n="7">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="7" />
<seg met="===....=.=.=*"><gap quantity="13" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="===....=.=.="><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>bhi</unclear>r </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
vṛkṣāṇāṃ kusuma-bhar-ānat-āgra-<unclear cert="low">śuṃga</unclear>-
</l>
<l>
vyālamba-stavaka <seg met=".=.=.=*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="8">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="8" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
bhadrāryyayā bhāti gṛhaṃ navābhra-</l>
<l>
nirmmoka-nirmu<supplied reason="undefined">kta</supplied><seg met=".=.=*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="9">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="9" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
skanda-pradhānair bhuvi mātṛbhiś ca</l>
<l>
lokān <unclear>sa</unclear> <unclear cert="low">suṣya</unclear><seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="10">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="10" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<seg met="*=."><gap quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> yūpocchrayam eva cakkre</l>
<l>
bhadrāryyādi <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
</l>
</lg></lg>
<p>
<lb n="11" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> nd<unclear cert="low">r</unclear>aguptabaṭe a<sic>n</sic>śāni <num value="35">30 5</num> <unclear>tā</unclear>mra<unclear cert="low">kaṭākuḥ kala</unclear> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <lb n="12" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> pituḥ sva-mātur yyady asti hi duṣkṛtaṃ bhajatu tane <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <lb n="13" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> k-āgrahāre anśāni <num value="3">3</num> anantasenenopa <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>
Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported in #Ravenshaw_1839. Published (with reading and eye copy) in #Mitra_1866. Discussed (with new eye copy) in #ASIR_01:37-38. Edited in #Fleet_1888. Corrections proposed in #Majumdar_1943-44. Discussed in #Goyal_1980.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
12
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
41
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1548
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.30
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
38
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
196-202
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://relaxng.org/ns/structure/1.0"?>
<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
<TEI xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0" xml:lang="eng-Latn" xml:space="preserve">
<teiHeader>
<fileDesc>
<titleStmt>
<title>Bihar Sharif Pillar Inscription 1</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00047</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Bihar Sharif Pillar</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00043</idno>
<repository>Patna Museum</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / sandstone, red</material>
<objectType>pillar / fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>~60</width>
<height>434</height>
<depth>~60</depth>
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>No detailed description of the column is available; the information here has been gleaned from Plate XVII in #ASIR_01. The bottom of the pillar is broken off. The extant lower portion is octagonal and 175 cm long; above this there is an apparently circular shaft 221 cm long, followed by a square section (unless this bit is circular too)for a further 38 cm.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>22</width>
<height>44</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is on the octagonal section; this first inscription occupies four faces. Dimensions are estimated on the basis of the drawing of the pillar and the dimensions of the two inscriptions (%IN00047 and %IN00048) which together measure 40 by 104 cm.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1-1.6</height>
<p>northern class</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>?Bihar Sharif</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by E. L. Ravenshaw in 1839, at which time it was installed upside down on high ground a little to the west of the northern gate of the fort of Bihar (present Bihar Sharif). He was told that it had been moved here from in front of the same gate. Cunningham (in the early 1860's?) found it fallen where Ravenshaw had seen it erect. In 1871 it was moved in front of the Bihar Court House by A. M. Broadley, who is also responsible for a number of crude English inscriptions on the faces of the pillar not inscribed in antiquity (reported in #ASIR_11:192-193). It was subsequently used to support the roof of a house built up around it. At this time it was still installed upside down, with the bottom (current top) 8 lines completely hidden by woodwork. These used to be only available in Mitra's and Cunningham's eye copies. In 1927 the pillar was moved to the Patna Museum.</p>
</history>
</msDesc>
</sourceDesc>
</fileDesc></teiHeader>
<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><lg met="upajāti" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="1" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> ḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
nṛ-candra indrānuja-tulya-vīryyo
</l>
<l>
guṇair atulyaḥ <seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="2" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear>ta</unclear>syāpi sūnur bhuvi svāmi-neyaḥ
</l>
<l>
khyātaḥ sva-kīrttyā <seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="3" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear>sva</unclear>saiva yasyātula-vikrameṇa</l>
<l>
kumāragup<unclear>t</unclear>e<unclear>na</unclear> <seg met=".=.=*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="4" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
p<unclear>i</unclear>t<sic>ṛ</sic>ṃś ca devāṃś ca hi havya-kavyaiḥ</l>
<l>
sadānṛśaṃsyādi <seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="5" />
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<supplied reason="undefined">a</supplied>cīkarad deva-niketa-maṇḍalaṃ</l>
<l>
kṣitāv an-aupamya <seg met=".=.=.*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha?" n="6">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="6" />
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.==..=.=.*"><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear cert="low">baṭe</unclear> kila stambha-var-occhr<sic>i</sic>ya-prabhā
</l>
<l>
setu maṇḍa <gap extent="unknown" reason="illegible" /> <supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="praharṣiṇī?" n="7">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="7" />
<seg met="===....=.=.=*"><gap quantity="13" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="===....=.=.="><gap quantity="12" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>bhi</unclear>r </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
vṛkṣāṇāṃ kusuma-bhar-ānat-āgra-<unclear cert="low">śuṃga</unclear>-
</l>
<l>
vyālamba-stavaka <seg met=".=.=.=*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="8">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="8" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
bhadrāryyayā bhāti gṛhaṃ navābhra-</l>
<l>
nirmmoka-nirmu<supplied reason="undefined">kta</supplied><seg met=".=.=*"><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="9">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="9" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
skanda-pradhānair bhuvi mātṛbhiś ca</l>
<l>
lokān <unclear>sa</unclear> <unclear cert="low">suṣya</unclear><seg met="..=.=*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="10">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="10" />
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="*=.==..=.=*"><gap quantity="11" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<seg met="*=."><gap quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> yūpocchrayam eva cakkre</l>
<l>
bhadrāryyādi <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
</l>
</lg></lg>
<p>
<lb n="11" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> nd<unclear cert="low">r</unclear>aguptabaṭe a<sic>n</sic>śāni <num value="35">30 5</num> <unclear>tā</unclear>mra<unclear cert="low">kaṭākuḥ kala</unclear> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <lb n="12" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> pituḥ sva-mātur yyady asti hi duṣkṛtaṃ bhajatu tane <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <lb n="13" /><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> k-āgrahāre anśāni <num value="3">3</num> anantasenenopa <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>