The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Sarnath Buddha Image Inscription of the Time of Kumaragupta II

The inscription is on the pedestal. Dimensions and letter size is from Bhandarkar_1981, but note that 3 lines in letters 3.8 cm in height cannot possibly fit in an area 7 cm tall. Probably the letters are 1/2 rather than 1 1/2 inch high.

Object URI
OB00035
Inscription URI
IN00039

Basic Metadata

Extent
78 cm width x 40 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
southern class
Script size
0.8
Reigning Monarch
Bandhuvarman
Date (min)
471
Date (max)
473
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 529 (era: Mālava). Basis of dating: intrinsic. The date of the inscription is in line 39. Another date (Mālava 493 sahasya śukla 13) is mentioned in l19. It seems certain that we are dealing with a single inscription of 529, mentioning an earlier event by date, and not with two separate inscriptions created 36 years apart. It is thus misleading to refer to this inscription as one "of Mālava year 493 and 529."
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Edition
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<title>Sarnath Buddha Image Inscription of the Time of Kumaragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00039</idno>
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<msName>Sarnath Buddha Image of the Time of Kumaragupta II</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00035</idno>
<repository>Sarnath Museum</repository>
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<support>
<material>stone / sandstone, Chunar</material>
<objectType>sculpture / Buddhist image</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width />
<height />
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>An image of a standing Buddha. No dimensions reported.</p>
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</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>48</width>
<height>7</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is on the pedestal. Dimensions and letter size is from Bhandarkar_1981, but note that 3 lines in letters 3.8 cm in height cannot possibly fit in an area 7 cm tall. Probably the letters are 1/2 rather than 1 1/2 inch high.</p>
</layout>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">3.8</height>
<p>northern class, Central Indian type</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Sārnāth</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by Hargreaves along with %OB00037 and %OB00038 during excavations in 1914-15.</p>
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<lb n="margin.1" /> <unclear cert="low">siddham</unclear><supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
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<l>
<lb n="1" />
varṣa-śate guptānāṃ sa-catuḥ-paṃcāśad-uttare bhūmiṃ
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
rakṣati kumāragupte māse jyeṣṭhe <unclear>dv</unclear>i<unclear>t</unclear>ī<supplied reason="undefined">yā</supplied>yāM||
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā?" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="2" />
bhakty-<unclear>ā</unclear>varjjita-manasā yatinā pūjārtham abhayamitreṇa</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse">
<l>
pratimāpratimasya guṇai<unclear>r a</unclear>pa<unclear>re</unclear>yaṃ <unclear>kā</unclear>ritā śāstuḥ||
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="3" />
mātā-pitṛ-guru-pū<unclear>rvvaḥ</unclear> puṇyenānena satva-kāyo yaM
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
labhatām abhimatam upaśama-ma<unclear>h</unclear><unclear cert="low">āvaha</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>sukhāya</unclear>||
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported and briefly discussed in #Peterson_1885:380-381. First edited in #Fleet_1886b. Re-edited in #Fleet_1888. Corrected in #BhandarkarRG_1889:94-97. Further corrections in #Kielhorn_1890 and in #Durgaprasad_Parab_1892:107-112 (the inscription is in fact No. 26 in this book, not 51-52 as cited by #Bhandarkar_1981:322). Revised in #Bühler_1890:91-96 and discussed ibid. 8-31. Correction in #Agrawal_1940:60. Summarised in #Trivedi_2001:20 (No. 5). Parts discussed in #Agrawal_1986b (also published as #Agrawal_1986a:79-86). Further discussion in SadhuRam_1964, #Mirashi_1980b.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
34
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1281
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.31
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
46
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
IV. Sārnāth 199
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
169-170
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00039</idno>
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<msName>Sarnath Buddha Image of the Time of Kumaragupta II</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00035</idno>
<repository>Sarnath Museum</repository>
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<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / sandstone, Chunar</material>
<objectType>sculpture / Buddhist image</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width />
<height />
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>An image of a standing Buddha. No dimensions reported.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>48</width>
<height>7</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is on the pedestal. Dimensions and letter size is from Bhandarkar_1981, but note that 3 lines in letters 3.8 cm in height cannot possibly fit in an area 7 cm tall. Probably the letters are 1/2 rather than 1 1/2 inch high.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">3.8</height>
<p>northern class, Central Indian type</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Sārnāth</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered by Hargreaves along with %OB00037 and %OB00038 during excavations in 1914-15.</p>
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varṣa-śate guptānāṃ sa-catuḥ-paṃcāśad-uttare bhūmiṃ
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</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
rakṣati kumāragupte māse jyeṣṭhe <unclear>dv</unclear>i<unclear>t</unclear>ī<supplied reason="undefined">yā</supplied>yāM||
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bhakty-<unclear>ā</unclear>varjjita-manasā yatinā pūjārtham abhayamitreṇa</l>
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pratimāpratimasya guṇai<unclear>r a</unclear>pa<unclear>re</unclear>yaṃ <unclear>kā</unclear>ritā śāstuḥ||
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<l>
<lb n="3" />
mātā-pitṛ-guru-pū<unclear>rvvaḥ</unclear> puṇyenānena satva-kāyo yaM
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
labhatām abhimatam upaśama-ma<unclear>h</unclear><unclear cert="low">āvaha</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>sukhāya</unclear>||
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