The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Nalanda Seal Legend of Vainyagupta

Contains five lines; the first with just one extant character, while the last seems complete. Any number of lines above the present first line may have been lost, as well as a device above the inscription. Given its similarity to other Gupta seals from Nālandā, the original may have held 8 lines. The text is in relief.

Object URI
OB00034
Inscription URI
IN00038

Basic Metadata

Extent
5.4 cm width x 5.7 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class, mixing features of eastern (ma, la) and western (sa, ha) Gupta alphabet
Reigning Monarch
Vainyagupta
Date (min)
500
Date (max)
520
Date comments
Basis of dating: approximate reign of Vainyagupta.
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Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Nalanda Seal Legend of Vainyagupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00038</idno>
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<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Nalanda Clay Seal of Vainyagupta</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00034</idno>
<repository>probably in the Archaeological Museum, Nalanda</repository>
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<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>clay / terracotta</material>
<objectType>seal, fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>5.4</width>
<height>5.7</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A triangular fragment; the width figure above is for the base. The original seal was oval.</p>
</support>
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<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>5.4</width>
<height>5.7</height>
</dimensions>
<p>Contains five lines; the first with just one extant character, while the last seems complete. Any number of lines above the present first line may have been lost, as well as a device above the inscription. Given its similarity to other Gupta seals from Nālandā, the original may have held 8 lines. The text is in relief.</p>
</layout>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class, mixing features of eastern (ma, la) and western (sa, ha) Gupta alphabet</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Nālandā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1927-28 during the excavation of Monastery site 1 at Nālandā along with %OB00044, %OB00046, %OB00047, %OB00048, %OB00049 and %OB00052. All these seals are clay impressions that seem to have been baked accidentally in a monastery fire.</p>
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<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" />
<gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <unclear>sya</unclear> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="2" />
<gap precision="low" quantity="4" reason="lost" unit="character" /> <supplied reason="lost">cand</supplied><unclear>ra</unclear>guptas tasya putra<unclear>s</unclear> ta <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="3" />
<gap precision="low" quantity="3" reason="lost" unit="character" /> s tasya putras tat-pādānudhyātaḥ śrī-<unclear>ma</unclear> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="4" />
<supplied reason="lost">pur</supplied><unclear>u</unclear>guptas tasya putras tat-pādānudhyāto mahādevy<unclear>ā</unclear>ṃ śr<unclear>ī-cand</unclear>ra <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="5" />
parama-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-vainyaguptaḥ <supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>
Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
Briefly noticed in #Sastri_1931-32:77 (postscript). Edited in #Sastri_1942:67. Discussed in #Sircar_1943b:275-277 and #Majumdar_1948.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
33
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
58
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
314-316
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
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<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
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<titleStmt>
<title>Nalanda Seal Legend of Vainyagupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00038</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Nalanda Clay Seal of Vainyagupta</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00034</idno>
<repository>probably in the Archaeological Museum, Nalanda</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>clay / terracotta</material>
<objectType>seal, fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>5.4</width>
<height>5.7</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A triangular fragment; the width figure above is for the base. The original seal was oval.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>5.4</width>
<height>5.7</height>
</dimensions>
<p>Contains five lines; the first with just one extant character, while the last seems complete. Any number of lines above the present first line may have been lost, as well as a device above the inscription. Given its similarity to other Gupta seals from Nālandā, the original may have held 8 lines. The text is in relief.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class, mixing features of eastern (ma, la) and western (sa, ha) Gupta alphabet</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Nālandā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1927-28 during the excavation of Monastery site 1 at Nālandā along with %OB00044, %OB00046, %OB00047, %OB00048, %OB00049 and %OB00052. All these seals are clay impressions that seem to have been baked accidentally in a monastery fire.</p>
</history>
</msDesc>
</sourceDesc>
</fileDesc></teiHeader>
<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" />
<gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" /> <unclear>sya</unclear> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="2" />
<gap precision="low" quantity="4" reason="lost" unit="character" /> <supplied reason="lost">cand</supplied><unclear>ra</unclear>guptas tasya putra<unclear>s</unclear> ta <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="3" />
<gap precision="low" quantity="3" reason="lost" unit="character" /> s tasya putras tat-pādānudhyātaḥ śrī-<unclear>ma</unclear> <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="4" />
<supplied reason="lost">pur</supplied><unclear>u</unclear>guptas tasya putras tat-pādānudhyāto mahādevy<unclear>ā</unclear>ṃ śr<unclear>ī-cand</unclear>ra <gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
<lb n="5" />
parama-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-vainyaguptaḥ <supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied><gap extent="unknown" reason="lost" />
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
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