The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Kahaum Pillar Inscription of the Time of Skandagupta

The inscription is on the three northern faces of the octagonal section of the pillar; the bottom of the inscribed area is about 230 cm from the ground.

Object URI
OB00030
Inscription URI
IN00034

Basic Metadata

Extent
67 cm width x 51 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class, eastern Gupta
Script size
1.6-2.2
Reigning Monarch
Skandagupta
Date (min)
459
Date (max)
460
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 141 jyeṣṭha (era: Gupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic.
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<title>Kahaum Pillar Inscription of the Time of Skandagupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00034</idno>
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<msName>Kahaum Pillar of the Time of Skandagupta</msName>
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<repository>in situ</repository>
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<physDesc>
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<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / sandstone, coarse grey</material>
<objectType>pillar</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>56</width>
<height>740</height>
<depth>56</depth>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>The pillar is square to the height of about 140 cm (the width and depth dimensions above pertain to this section), then octagonal for about 190 cm. The next section, about 180 cm, is sixteen-sided, and the next again, about 65 cm, is cylindrical. The next 23 cm is square again (the sides are 45 cm long here), and finally cylindrical again for 12 cm. The total length of the shaft is thus about 610 centimetres. One face of the bottom section has an image of a naked man with a seven-hooded snake above his head (probably Pārśvanātha), accompanied by two kneeling figures, one male and one female. The capital is 130 cm in total length, consisting of a lotus bell topped by another square section with a naked figure on each face (probably Ādinātha, Śāntinātha, Neminātha and Mahāvīra). There is a metal spike at the top which apparently held a carved image.</p>
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<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>67</width>
<height>51</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is on the three northern faces of the octagonal section of the pillar; the bottom of the inscribed area is about 230 cm from the ground.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.6-2.2</height>
<p>northern class, eastern Gupta</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Kahaum</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered between 1807 and 1816 by Francis Buchanan (Hamilton) in Kahaum/Kahaon/Kahanv (कहाँव, Deoria dist., U.P.; 26.263251, 83.859819) his survey of the provinces subject to the Presidency of Bengal. The pillar is next to an old well, two ruined temples and several tanks, all of which (along with the village) are atop a low but large (500 yards square) mound of brick ruin.</p>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><div subtype="margin" type="textpart">
<ab>
<lb n="margin.1" />siddha<unclear>ṃ</unclear>
</ab>
</div>
<div subtype="body" type="textpart">
<lg met="sragdharā" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="1" />
yasyopasthāna-bhūmir nṛpati-śata-śiraḥ-pāta-vāt-āvadhūtā
</l>
<l>
<lb n="2" />
guptānāṃ va<sic>n</sic>śa-jasya pravisṛta-yaśasas tasya sarvvottamarddheḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="3" />
rājye śakropamasya kṣitipa-śata-pateḥ skandaguptasya śānte</l>
<l>
<lb n="4" />
varṣe ttri<sic>n</sic>śad-daśaikottaraka-śatatame jyeṣṭha-māsi prapanne|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="5" />
khyāte smin grāma-ratne kakubha iti janais sādhu-saṃsarga-pūte|
</l>
<l>
<lb n="6" />
puttro yas somilasya pracura-guṇa-nidher bhaṭṭisomo mahāt<unclear>m</unclear>ā</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="7" />
tat-sūnū rudrasoma<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> pṛthula-mati-yaśā vyāghra ity anya-saṃjño|</l>
<l>
<lb n="8" />
madras tasyātmajo bhūd dvija-guru-yatiṣu prāyaśaḥ prītimān yaḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="9" />
puṇya-skandhaṃ sa cakkre jagad idam akhilaṃ saṃsarad vīkṣya bhīto</l>
<l>
<lb n="10" />
śreyortthaṃ bhūta-bhūtyai pathi niyamavatām arhatām ādi-kartt<choice><sic>ṛ</sic><corr>ṝ</corr></choice>N
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="11" />
pañcendrā<choice><sic>ṃ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice> sthāpayitvā dharaṇidhara-mayān sannikhātas tato yaM
</l>
<l>
<lb n="12" />
śaila-stambhaḥ sucārur giri-vara-śikharāgropamaḥ kīrtti-karttā
</l>
</lg></lg>
</div>

</div></body>
</text>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First noticed by Montgomery Martin in 1838 (re-published as #Martin_1987:366-367) in a compilation of Francis Hamilton Buchanan's reports; Buchanan's original report on the Bengal Presidency was completed in 1816 according to #Goyal_1993:152). Also reported in #Liston_1838:33-34. Transliterated and translated in #Prinsep_1838a (translation reprinted in #Prinsep_1858:250). First verse revised and translated in #Hall_1860:530n24; revised again in #Hall_1861a:3n. Also described in #ASIR_01:91-94. Edited (with new facsimile) in Indraji_Burgess_1881. Re-edited in #Fleet_1888. Discussed in #Pandey_1952.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
15
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
29
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1278
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.26
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
33
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
252-255
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<title>Kahaum Pillar Inscription of the Time of Skandagupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00034</idno>
</publicationStmt>
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<msName>Kahaum Pillar of the Time of Skandagupta</msName>
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<material>stone / sandstone, coarse grey</material>
<objectType>pillar</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>56</width>
<height>740</height>
<depth>56</depth>
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>The pillar is square to the height of about 140 cm (the width and depth dimensions above pertain to this section), then octagonal for about 190 cm. The next section, about 180 cm, is sixteen-sided, and the next again, about 65 cm, is cylindrical. The next 23 cm is square again (the sides are 45 cm long here), and finally cylindrical again for 12 cm. The total length of the shaft is thus about 610 centimetres. One face of the bottom section has an image of a naked man with a seven-hooded snake above his head (probably Pārśvanātha), accompanied by two kneeling figures, one male and one female. The capital is 130 cm in total length, consisting of a lotus bell topped by another square section with a naked figure on each face (probably Ādinātha, Śāntinātha, Neminātha and Mahāvīra). There is a metal spike at the top which apparently held a carved image.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
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<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>67</width>
<height>51</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is on the three northern faces of the octagonal section of the pillar; the bottom of the inscribed area is about 230 cm from the ground.</p>
</layout>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.6-2.2</height>
<p>northern class, eastern Gupta</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Kahaum</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered between 1807 and 1816 by Francis Buchanan (Hamilton) in Kahaum/Kahaon/Kahanv (कहाँव, Deoria dist., U.P.; 26.263251, 83.859819) his survey of the provinces subject to the Presidency of Bengal. The pillar is next to an old well, two ruined temples and several tanks, all of which (along with the village) are atop a low but large (500 yards square) mound of brick ruin.</p>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><div subtype="margin" type="textpart">
<ab>
<lb n="margin.1" />siddha<unclear>ṃ</unclear>
</ab>
</div>
<div subtype="body" type="textpart">
<lg met="sragdharā" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="1" />
yasyopasthāna-bhūmir nṛpati-śata-śiraḥ-pāta-vāt-āvadhūtā
</l>
<l>
<lb n="2" />
guptānāṃ va<sic>n</sic>śa-jasya pravisṛta-yaśasas tasya sarvvottamarddheḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="3" />
rājye śakropamasya kṣitipa-śata-pateḥ skandaguptasya śānte</l>
<l>
<lb n="4" />
varṣe ttri<sic>n</sic>śad-daśaikottaraka-śatatame jyeṣṭha-māsi prapanne|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="5" />
khyāte smin grāma-ratne kakubha iti janais sādhu-saṃsarga-pūte|
</l>
<l>
<lb n="6" />
puttro yas somilasya pracura-guṇa-nidher bhaṭṭisomo mahāt<unclear>m</unclear>ā</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="7" />
tat-sūnū rudrasoma<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> pṛthula-mati-yaśā vyāghra ity anya-saṃjño|</l>
<l>
<lb n="8" />
madras tasyātmajo bhūd dvija-guru-yatiṣu prāyaśaḥ prītimān yaḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="9" />
puṇya-skandhaṃ sa cakkre jagad idam akhilaṃ saṃsarad vīkṣya bhīto</l>
<l>
<lb n="10" />
śreyortthaṃ bhūta-bhūtyai pathi niyamavatām arhatām ādi-kartt<choice><sic>ṛ</sic><corr>ṝ</corr></choice>N
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="11" />
pañcendrā<choice><sic>ṃ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice> sthāpayitvā dharaṇidhara-mayān sannikhātas tato yaM
</l>
<l>
<lb n="12" />
śaila-stambhaḥ sucārur giri-vara-śikharāgropamaḥ kīrtti-karttā
</l>
</lg></lg>
</div>

</div></body>
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