The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Junagadh Rock Inscription 2 of the Time of Skandagupta

These dimensions are for the entire inscription of two parts, here treated as two inscriptions.

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00029
Inscription URI
IN00033

Basic Metadata

Extent
300 cm width x 220 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
southern class; termed Saurāṣṭra alphabet of the 5th century by Bhandarkar (Fleet?)
Script size
1.4-2.8
Reigning Monarch
Skandagupta
Date (min)
456
Date (max)
458
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 138 (era: Gupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic.
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Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Junagadh Rock Inscription 2 of the Time of Skandagupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00033</idno>
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<msName>Junagadh Rock</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00029</idno>
<repository>in situ</repository>
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<support>
<material>stone / granite</material>
<objectType>natural rock</objectType>
<extent>
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<width />
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<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A granite boulder about 1.6 km east of Junāgaḍh, at the opening of a gorge that leads to a valley around the Girnār mountain. The inscription is on the southern face according to #Prinsep_1838b:337, and on the northwestern face according to #Fleet_1888:57. The same boulder holds 14 inscriptions of Aśoka (on the eastern side according to Prinsep) and the inscription of Rudradāman (on the western side according to Prinsep). The inscriptions of Skandagupta's time are hard to read because, apart from erosion, the engraving is irregular, the natural patterns of the rock obstruct some of it, while some portions of the rock surface were left blank because of their irregularity.</p>
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<width>300</width>
<height>220</height>
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<p>These dimensions are for the entire inscription of two parts, here treated as two inscriptions.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.4-2.8</height>
<p>southern class; termed Saurāṣṭra alphabet of the 5th century by Bhandarkar (Fleet?)</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<lb n="1" />dṛpt-āri-darpa-praṇudaḥ pṛthu-śriyaḥ</l>
<l>
sva-vaṅśa-ketoḥ sakal-āvanī-pateḥ|</l>
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rājādhirājy-ādbhuta-puṇya-<unclear>karmaṇaḥ</unclear></l>
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dvīpasya goptā mahatāṃ ca netā</l>
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daṇḍa-<unclear cert="low">dvi</unclear> <seg met="="><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> nāṃ <lb n="2" />dviṣatāṃ damāya|</l>
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tasyātmajenātma-guṇānvitena</l>
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govinda-pādārpita-jīvitena|</l>
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<seg met="==.=...=..=.="><gap quantity="13" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> gdhaṃ</l>
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viṣṇoś ca pāda-kamale samavāpya tatra|</l>
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artha-vyayena <lb n="3" />mahatā mahatā ca kālen</l>
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ātma-prabhāva-nata-paura-janena tena|
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cakraṃ bibharti ripu <seg met="=..=.=*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
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<seg met="="><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>ā</unclear>rtham utthitam ivorjayato calasya
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<l>
<lb n="5" />kurvat prabhutvam iva bhāti purasya mūrdhni||</l>
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anyac ca mūrddhani su <seg met="=..=.=*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
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<seg met="==.=..."><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <lb n="6" /> ruddha-vihaṃga-mārgaṃ</l>
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vibhrājate <seg met="...=..=.=*"><gap quantity="10" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> </l>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported in #Prinsep_1838b. See %IN00032 for further references, as the two inscriptions were viewed as one by most scholars.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
14
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
28
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1276
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.25
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
32
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
248-251
XML Plain
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<title>Junagadh Rock Inscription 2 of the Time of Skandagupta</title>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00033</idno>
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<msName>Junagadh Rock</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00029</idno>
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<objectType>natural rock</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width />
<height />
<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A granite boulder about 1.6 km east of Junāgaḍh, at the opening of a gorge that leads to a valley around the Girnār mountain. The inscription is on the southern face according to #Prinsep_1838b:337, and on the northwestern face according to #Fleet_1888:57. The same boulder holds 14 inscriptions of Aśoka (on the eastern side according to Prinsep) and the inscription of Rudradāman (on the western side according to Prinsep). The inscriptions of Skandagupta's time are hard to read because, apart from erosion, the engraving is irregular, the natural patterns of the rock obstruct some of it, while some portions of the rock surface were left blank because of their irregularity.</p>
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<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>300</width>
<height>220</height>
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<p>These dimensions are for the entire inscription of two parts, here treated as two inscriptions.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.4-2.8</height>
<p>southern class; termed Saurāṣṭra alphabet of the 5th century by Bhandarkar (Fleet?)</p>
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<p>None.</p>
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<lb n="1" />dṛpt-āri-darpa-praṇudaḥ pṛthu-śriyaḥ</l>
<l>
sva-vaṅśa-ketoḥ sakal-āvanī-pateḥ|</l>
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rājādhirājy-ādbhuta-puṇya-<unclear>karmaṇaḥ</unclear></l>
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dvīpasya goptā mahatāṃ ca netā</l>
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daṇḍa-<unclear cert="low">dvi</unclear> <seg met="="><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> nāṃ <lb n="2" />dviṣatāṃ damāya|</l>
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tasyātmajenātma-guṇānvitena</l>
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govinda-pādārpita-jīvitena|</l>
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viṣṇoś ca pāda-kamale samavāpya tatra|</l>
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artha-vyayena <lb n="3" />mahatā mahatā ca kālen</l>
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ātma-prabhāva-nata-paura-janena tena|
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cakraṃ bibharti ripu <seg met="=..=.=*"><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
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<seg met="==.=...=..=.=*"><gap quantity="14" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
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tasya sva-taṃtra-vidhi-kāraṇa-mānuṣaṣya|</l>
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<lb n="4" />kāritam avakra-matinā cakrabhṛtaḥ cakrapālitena gṛhaṃ|</l>
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varṣa-śate ṣṭātriṃśe guptānāṃ kāla <gap precision="low" quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" />
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<seg met="="><gap quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>ā</unclear>rtham utthitam ivorjayato calasya
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<lb n="5" />kurvat prabhutvam iva bhāti purasya mūrdhni||</l>
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<seg met="==.=..."><gap quantity="7" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <lb n="6" /> ruddha-vihaṃga-mārgaṃ</l>
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