The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Junagadh Rock Inscription 1 of the Time of Skandagupta

The dimensions are for the entire inscription of two parts, here treated as two inscriptions.

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00029
Inscription URI
IN00032

Basic Metadata

Extent
300 cm width x 220 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
southern class; termed Saurāṣṭra alphabet of the 5th century by Bhandarkar (Fleet?)
Script size
1.4-2.8
Reigning Monarch
Skandagupta
Date (min)
455
Date (max)
457
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 137 (era: Gupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic.
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<title>Junagadh Rock Inscription 1 of the Time of Skandagupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00032</idno>
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<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Junagadh Rock</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00029</idno>
<repository>in situ</repository>
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<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / granite</material>
<objectType>natural rock</objectType>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A granite boulder about 1.6 km east of Junāgaḍh, at the opening of a gorge that leads to a valley around the Girnār mountain. The inscription is on the southern face according to #Prinsep_1838b:337, and on the northwestern face according to #Fleet_1888:57. The same boulder holds 14 inscriptions of Aśoka (on the eastern side according to Prinsep) and the inscription of Rudradāman (on the western side according to Prinsep). The inscriptions of Skandagupta's time are hard to read because, apart from erosion, the engraving is irregular, the natural patterns of the rock obstruct some of it, while some portions of the rock surface were left blank because of their irregularity.</p>
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<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>300</width>
<height>220</height>
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<p>These dimensions are for the entire inscription of two parts, here treated as two inscriptions.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.4-2.8</height>
<p>southern class; termed Saurāṣṭra alphabet of the 5th century by Bhandarkar (Fleet?)</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>Junāgaḍh</origPlace>
<origDate />
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<text>
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<g type="mangala" /> <unclear>s</unclear>iddhaM<supplied reason="omitted">|</supplied>
</p>
<lg met="mālinī" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
śriyam abhimata-bhogyāṃ naika-kālāpanītāṃ</l>
<l>
tridaśa<unclear>pa</unclear>ti-sukhārtthaṃ yo <unclear>ba</unclear>ler ājahāra|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
kamala-nila<unclear>ya</unclear>nā<unclear>yā</unclear>ḥ śāśvataṃ dhāma lakṣmyāḥ</l>
<l>
<lb n="2" />sa jayati vijitārttir vviṣṇur atyanta-jiṣṇuḥ||
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="mālinī" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
tad-anu jayati śaśvaT śrī-<unclear>pari</unclear>kṣipta-vakṣāḥ
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<l>
sva-bhuja-janita-vīryo rājarājā<unclear>dhirā</unclear>jaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear>na</unclear>rapati-<lb n="3" /><unclear>bh</unclear>ujagānāṃ māna-darppotphaṇānāṃ</l>
<l>
pratikṛti-<unclear>ga</unclear>ruḍājñā<unclear>ṃ</unclear> nirvviṣī<unclear>ṃ</unclear> cāvakarttā||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="mālinī" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
nṛpati-guṇa-niketaḥ skandaguptaḥ pṛthu-śrīḥ</l>
<l>
catur-udadhi-<unclear cert="low">jal</unclear>āntāṃ sphīta-paryanta-deśāM|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="4" />avanim avanatāri<sic>r y</sic>a<sic>ḥ c</sic>akārātma-saṃsthāṃ
</l>
<l>
pitari sura-sakhitvaṃ <unclear>prāpta</unclear>vaty ātma-śaktyā||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
api ca jitam <supplied reason="undefined">e</supplied>va tena prathayaṃti yaśāṃsi yasya ripavo pi <supplied reason="undefined">|</supplied>
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
āmūla-bhagna-darppā niva<supplied cert="low" reason="undefined">rttitā</supplied> mleccha-deśeṣu||
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="5" />krameṇa buddhyā nipuṇaṃ pradh<unclear>ārya</unclear></l>
<l>
dhyātvā ca kṛtsnān guṇa-<unclear>doṣa-hetūn</unclear>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
vyap<unclear>e</unclear>tya sarvān manujendra-putrāṃl</l>
<l>
lakṣmīḥ <unclear>svayaṃ</unclear> yaṃ varayāṃ cakāra||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="6">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<unclear>ta</unclear>smin nṛpe <unclear>śā</unclear>sati naiva kaścid</l>
<l>
dha<unclear>rmmā</unclear>d apeto manujaḥ prajāsu|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="6" /><unclear>ārtto</unclear> daridro vyasanī kadary<unclear>o</unclear></l>
<l>
daṇḍena vā yo bhṛśa-pīḍitaḥ <unclear>s</unclear>yā<unclear>t</unclear>||
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="7">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<unclear>e</unclear>vaṃ sa jitvā pṛthivīṃ samagrāṃ</l>
<l>
bhag<unclear>nā</unclear>gra-da<supplied reason="undefined">rppān</supplied> dviṣataś ca <unclear>kṛ</unclear>tv<unclear>ā</unclear>|
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
sarvveṣu deśeṣu vidhāya gopt<choice><sic>ṛ</sic><corr>ṝ</corr></choice>n</l>
<l>
saṃcintayā<unclear>m ā</unclear>sa bahu-prakāraM||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="8">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
syāt ko nurūpo <lb n="7" />matimān vin<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>to</l>
<l>
medhā-smṛtibhy<unclear>ā</unclear>m anape<unclear>ta-bhā</unclear>vaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
satyārjav<unclear>au</unclear>dārya-nayopapa<unclear>nno</unclear></l>
<l>
<unclear>mādhurya</unclear>-dākṣiṇya-<unclear>ya</unclear>śonvitaś ca||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="9">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
bhakto nurak<unclear>to</unclear> nṛ-v<unclear>i</unclear>ś<unclear>e</unclear>ṣa-yuktaḥ</l>
<l>
sarvvopadhābhiś ca viśuddha-buddhiḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
ānṛṇya-bhāvopagat-āntarātmā<surplus>ḥ</surplus></l>
<l>
sarvvasya lokasya hite pravṛttaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="10">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="8" />nyāyārjane rthasya ca kaḥ samarthaḥ</l>
<l>
syād arjitasyāpy atha rakṣaṇe ca|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
gopāyitasyāpi <unclear>ca</unclear> vṛddhi-hetau</l>
<l>
vṛddhasya pātra-pratipādanāya||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="11">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
sarvveṣu bhṛtyeṣv api saṃhateṣu</l>
<l>
yo me praśiṣyān nikhilān surāṣṭrāN|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
āṃ jñātam ekaḥ khalu parṇadatto</l>
<l>
bhārasya tasyodvahane samarthaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="12">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="9" />evaṃ viniścitya nṛpādhipena</l>
<l>
naikān aho-rātra-gaṇān sva-matyā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
yaḥ saṃniyukto rthanayā kathaṃcit</l>
<l>
samyak-surāṣṭrāvani-pālanāya||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="13">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
niyujya devā varuṇaṃ pratīcyāṃ</l>
<l>
svasthā yathā nonmanaso babhūvu<unclear>ḥ</unclear>|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
pūrvvetarasyāṃ diśi parṇadattaṃ</l>
<l>
niyujya rājā dhṛtimāṃs tathābhūT|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="14">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="10" />tasyātmajo hy ātmaja-bhāva-yukto</l>
<l>
dvidheva cātmātma-vaśena nītaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
sarvvātmanātmeva ca rakṣaṇīyo</l>
<l>
nityātmavān ātmaja-kānta-rūpaḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="15">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
rūpānurūpair lalitair vicitraiḥ</l>
<l>
nitya-pramodānvita-sar<sic>v</sic>a-bhāvaḥ|
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
prabuddha-padmākara-padmavaktro</l>
<l>
nṛṇāṃ śaraṇyaḥ śaraṇ-āgatānāM|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="mālabhāriṇī" n="16">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="11" />abhavad bhuvi cakrapālito sāv</l>
<l>
iti nāmnā prathitaḥ priyo janasya|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
sva-guṇair anupaskṛtair udātt<unclear>ai</unclear>ḥ</l>
<l>
pitaraṃ yaś ca viśeṣayāṃ cakāra|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="17">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
kṣamā prabhutvaṃ vinayo nayaś ca</l>
<l>
śauryaṃ vinā śaurya-mah<supplied cert="low" reason="undefined">ā</supplied>rccanaṃ ca|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<unclear cert="low">vākya</unclear>ṃ damo dānam adīnatā ca</l>
<l>
dākṣiṇyam ānṛṇyam aś<unclear>ū</unclear>nyatā ca|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="18">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
sauṃdaryam āryetara-nigrahaś ca</l>
<l>
avismayo dhairyam udīrṇatā ca|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="12" />ity evam ete tiśayena yasminn</l>
<l>
avipravāsena guṇā vasanti|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="19">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
na vidyate sau sakale pi loke</l>
<l>
yatropamā tasya guṇaiḥ kriyeta|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
sa eva kārtsnyena guṇānvitānāṃ</l>
<l>
babhūva n<choice><sic>ṛ</sic><corr>ṝ</corr></choice>ṇām upamāna-bhūtaḥ|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="20">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
ity evam etān adhikān ato nyān</l>
<l>
guṇān par<unclear>ī</unclear>kṣya svayam eva pitrā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
yaḥ saṃniyukto nagarasya rakṣāṃ</l>
<l>
viśiṣya pūrvān pracakāra samyaK|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="21">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="13" />āśritya v<choice><sic>i</sic><corr>ī</corr></choice>ryaṃ <unclear cert="low">sva-bhuja</unclear>-dvayasya
</l>
<l>
svasyaiva nānyasya narasya darpaṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
nodvejayām āsa ca kaṃcid evam</l>
<l>
asmin pure caiva śaśāsa <choice><sic>duṣṭāḥ</sic><corr>duṣṭān</corr></choice>|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="22">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
viśrabdham alpena śaśāsa yo smin</l>
<l>
kālena lokeṣu sa-nāgareṣu|
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
yo lālayām āsa ca paura-vargān</l>
<l>
<seg met="*=."><gap quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> putrān su-parīkṣya doṣāN|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="23">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
saṃraṃjayāṃ ca prakṛtīr babhūva</l>
<l>
pūrva-smitābhāṣaṇa-māna-dānaiḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="14" />niryantraṇānyonya-gṛha-praveśai<supplied reason="undefined">ḥ</supplied></l>
<l>
saṃvarddhita-prīti-gṛhopacāraiḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="24">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
brahmaṇya-bhāvena pareṇa yuktaḥ</l>
<l>
śaklaḥ śucir dāna-paro yathāvaT|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
prāpyān sa kāle viṣayān siṣeve</l>
<l>
dharmārthayoś cā<supplied reason="undefined">py a</supplied>virodhanena|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="25">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
yo <seg met="=.==.."><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> parṇadattāt</l>
<l>
sa nyāyavān atra kim asti citraṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
muktā-kalāpāmbuja-padma-śītāc</l>
<l>
candrāt kim uṣṇaṃ bhavitā kadāciT|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="26">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="15" />athā krameṇāmbuda-kāla āgat<unclear>e</unclear>
</l>
<l>
n<unclear>i</unclear>dāgha-kālaṃ pravidārya toyadaiḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
vavarṣa toyaṃ bahu saṃtataṃ ciraṃ</l>
<l>
sudarśanaṃ yena bibheda cātvarāT|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="27">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
saṃvatsarāṇām adhike śate tu</l>
<l>
triṃśadbhir anyair api ṣaḍbhir eva|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
rātrau dine prauṣṭhapadasya ṣaṣṭhe</l>
<l>
gupta-prakāle gaṇanāṃ vidhāya|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="28">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="16" />imāś ca yā raivatakād vinirgatā<supplied reason="undefined">ḥ</supplied></l>
<l>
palāśinīyaṃ sikatā-vilāsinī|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
samudra-kāntāḥ cira-bandhanoṣitāḥ</l>
<l>
punaḥ patiṃ śāstra-yathocitaṃ yayuḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="29">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
avekṣya varṣāgama-jaṃ mahodbhramaṃ</l>
<l>
mahodadher ūrjayatā priyepsunā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
aneka-tīrānta-ja-puṣpa-śobhito</l>
<l>
<lb n="17" />nadīmayo hasta iva prasāritaḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="30">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
viṣādya<unclear>mānāḥ khalu sarvato ja</unclear>nāḥ</l>
<l>
kathaṃ kathaṃ kāryam iti pravādinaḥ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
mitho hi pūrvāpara-rātram utthitā</l>
<l>
vicintayāṃ cāpi babhūvur utsukāḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="vaṃśastha" n="31">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
apīha loke sakale sudarśanaṃ</l>
<l>
pumā<choice><sic>ṃ</sic><corr>n</corr></choice> hi durdarśanatāṃ gataṃ kṣaṇāT|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="18" />bhaven nu sāmbho-nidhi-tulya-darśanaṃ
</l>
<l>
su-darśanaṃ <seg met="=..=.=.*"><gap quantity="8" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="32">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<seg met=".=.==."><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> vaṇe sa bhūtvā</l>
<l>
pituḥ parāṃ bhaktim api pradarśya|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
dharmaṃ purodhāya śubhānubandhaṃ</l>
<l>
rājño hitārthaṃ nagarasya caiva|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="33">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
saṃvatsarāṇām adhike śate tu</l>
<l>
<lb n="19" />triṃśadbhir anyair api saptabhiś ca|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
pra <seg met="=.==.."><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> śāstra-vettā
</l>
<l>
<unclear cert="low">viśve</unclear> py anujñāta-mahā-prabhāvaḥ|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="34">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
ājya-praṇāmai<sic>ḥ</sic> vibudhān atheṣtvā</l>
<l>
dhanair dvijātīn api tarpayitvā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
paurāṃs tathābhyarcya yathārha-mānaiḥ</l>
<l>
bhṛtyāṃś ca pūjyān suhṛdaś ca dānaiḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="35">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="20" />graiṣmasya māsasya tu pūrva-pa<unclear>kṣe</unclear></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.=="><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>pra</unclear>thame hni samyaK|
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
māsa-dvayenādaravān sa bhūtvā</l>
<l>
dhanasya kṛtvā vyayam aprameyaM|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="36">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
āyāmato hasta-śataṃ samagraṃ</l>
<l>
vistārataḥ ṣaṣṭir athāpi cāṣṭau|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="21" />utsedhato nyat puruṣāṇi <unclear cert="low">sapta</unclear></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.="><gap quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>ha</unclear>sta-śata-dvayasya|</l>
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<l>
babandha yatnān mahatā nṛdevān</l>
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<unclear cert="low">abhyarcya</unclear> samyag ghaṭitopalena|
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</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
a-jāti-duṣṭa<sic>m</sic> prathitaṃ taṭākaṃ</l>
<l>
sudarśanaṃ śāśvata-kalpa-kālaM|</l>
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<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="22" />api ca sudṛḍha-setu-prā<unclear cert="low">nta</unclear>-vinyasta-śobha-</l>
<l>
ratha-caraṇa-samāhva-krauṃca-haṃsāsa-dhūtaM|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
vimala-salila <seg met="===.==.=="><gap quantity="9" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
bhuvi ta <seg met="...==="><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> da#<unclear>ā</unclear>rkaḥ śaśī ca|
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<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="23" />nagaram api ca bhūyād vṛddhimat-paura-juṣṭaṃ
</l>
<l>
dvija-bahu-śata-gīta-brahma-nirnaṣṭa-pāpaṃ|</l>
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śatam api ca samānām īti-durbhikṣa <seg met="=*"><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
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<seg met="......===.==.=="><gap quantity="15" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied></l>
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<p>
<unclear>iti suda</unclear>rśana-taṭāka-saṃskāra-graṃtha-racanā <unclear>sa</unclear>māptā||
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported in #Prinsep_1838b. Facsimile published in #Jacob_1844 (probably an eye copy, but my digital version lacks the plate; Jacob describes it as "most carefully compared, the joint labour of Mr. Westergard, a young Brahman protegé of mine, and myself"). Edited in #BhauDaji_1863b, with a cloth tracing made in 1861 by Bhagwanlal Indraji. #Burgesss_1875:17-18 describes a failed attempt to take an estampage. #Burgess_1876 also prints Indraji's cloth tracing (plate XV), along with Bhau Daji's transliteration (pp. 134-136) and translation (revised by Eggeling, pp. 136-138), also summarising (p. 30) a local legend that mentions Cakrapālita, Parṇadatta and Skandagupta. Critically edited in #Fleet_1888. Correction proposed in #Agrawal_1940:59 (possibly also Agrawal_1986a:28, but this needs rechecking).
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
14
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
28
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1276
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.25
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
32
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
223-247
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<title>Junagadh Rock Inscription 1 of the Time of Skandagupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00032</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Junagadh Rock</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00029</idno>
<repository>in situ</repository>
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<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / granite</material>
<objectType>natural rock</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width />
<height />
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A granite boulder about 1.6 km east of Junāgaḍh, at the opening of a gorge that leads to a valley around the Girnār mountain. The inscription is on the southern face according to #Prinsep_1838b:337, and on the northwestern face according to #Fleet_1888:57. The same boulder holds 14 inscriptions of Aśoka (on the eastern side according to Prinsep) and the inscription of Rudradāman (on the western side according to Prinsep). The inscriptions of Skandagupta's time are hard to read because, apart from erosion, the engraving is irregular, the natural patterns of the rock obstruct some of it, while some portions of the rock surface were left blank because of their irregularity.</p>
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<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>300</width>
<height>220</height>
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<p>These dimensions are for the entire inscription of two parts, here treated as two inscriptions.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.4-2.8</height>
<p>southern class; termed Saurāṣṭra alphabet of the 5th century by Bhandarkar (Fleet?)</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<origPlace>Junāgaḍh</origPlace>
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śriyam abhimata-bhogyāṃ naika-kālāpanītāṃ</l>
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<lb n="2" />sa jayati vijitārttir vviṣṇur atyanta-jiṣṇuḥ||
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tad-anu jayati śaśvaT śrī-<unclear>pari</unclear>kṣipta-vakṣāḥ
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sva-bhuja-janita-vīryo rājarājā<unclear>dhirā</unclear>jaḥ|</l>
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nṛpati-guṇa-niketaḥ skandaguptaḥ pṛthu-śrīḥ</l>
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catur-udadhi-<unclear cert="low">jal</unclear>āntāṃ sphīta-paryanta-deśāM|</l>
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<lb n="4" />avanim avanatāri<sic>r y</sic>a<sic>ḥ c</sic>akārātma-saṃsthāṃ
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<unclear>mādhurya</unclear>-dākṣiṇya-<unclear>ya</unclear>śonvitaś ca||</l>
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sarvvopadhābhiś ca viśuddha-buddhiḥ|</l>
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ānṛṇya-bhāvopagat-āntarātmā<surplus>ḥ</surplus></l>
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sarvvasya lokasya hite pravṛttaḥ||</l>
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<lg met="upajāti" n="10">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
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<lb n="8" />nyāyārjane rthasya ca kaḥ samarthaḥ</l>
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</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
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vṛddhasya pātra-pratipādanāya||</l>
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sarvveṣu bhṛtyeṣv api saṃhateṣu</l>
<l>
yo me praśiṣyān nikhilān surāṣṭrāN|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
āṃ jñātam ekaḥ khalu parṇadatto</l>
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bhārasya tasyodvahane samarthaḥ||</l>
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<lb n="9" />evaṃ viniścitya nṛpādhipena</l>
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samyak-surāṣṭrāvani-pālanāya||</l>
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<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
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niyujya devā varuṇaṃ pratīcyāṃ</l>
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niyujya rājā dhṛtimāṃs tathābhūT|</l>
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<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
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<lb n="10" />tasyātmajo hy ātmaja-bhāva-yukto</l>
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rūpānurūpair lalitair vicitraiḥ</l>
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prabuddha-padmākara-padmavaktro</l>
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nṛṇāṃ śaraṇyaḥ śaraṇ-āgatānāM|</l>
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<lb n="12" />ity evam ete tiśayena yasminn</l>
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ity evam etān adhikān ato nyān</l>
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<l>
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<l>
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<l>
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muktā-kalāpāmbuja-padma-śītāc</l>
<l>
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rātrau dine prauṣṭhapadasya ṣaṣṭhe</l>
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gupta-prakāle gaṇanāṃ vidhāya|</l>
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samudra-kāntāḥ cira-bandhanoṣitāḥ</l>
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<l>
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aneka-tīrānta-ja-puṣpa-śobhito</l>
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<lb n="17" />nadīmayo hasta iva prasāritaḥ|</l>
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<l>
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mitho hi pūrvāpara-rātram utthitā</l>
<l>
vicintayāṃ cāpi babhūvur utsukāḥ|</l>
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<l>
apīha loke sakale sudarśanaṃ</l>
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<lb n="18" />bhaven nu sāmbho-nidhi-tulya-darśanaṃ
</l>
<l>
su-darśanaṃ <seg met="=..=.=.*"><gap quantity="8" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="32">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<seg met=".=.==."><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> vaṇe sa bhūtvā</l>
<l>
pituḥ parāṃ bhaktim api pradarśya|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
dharmaṃ purodhāya śubhānubandhaṃ</l>
<l>
rājño hitārthaṃ nagarasya caiva|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="33">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
saṃvatsarāṇām adhike śate tu</l>
<l>
<lb n="19" />triṃśadbhir anyair api saptabhiś ca|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
pra <seg met="=.==.."><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> śāstra-vettā
</l>
<l>
<unclear cert="low">viśve</unclear> py anujñāta-mahā-prabhāvaḥ|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="34">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
ājya-praṇāmai<sic>ḥ</sic> vibudhān atheṣtvā</l>
<l>
dhanair dvijātīn api tarpayitvā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
paurāṃs tathābhyarcya yathārha-mānaiḥ</l>
<l>
bhṛtyāṃś ca pūjyān suhṛdaś ca dānaiḥ|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="35">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="20" />graiṣmasya māsasya tu pūrva-pa<unclear>kṣe</unclear></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.=="><gap quantity="5" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>pra</unclear>thame hni samyaK|
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
māsa-dvayenādaravān sa bhūtvā</l>
<l>
dhanasya kṛtvā vyayam aprameyaM|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="36">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
āyāmato hasta-śataṃ samagraṃ</l>
<l>
vistārataḥ ṣaṣṭir athāpi cāṣṭau|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="21" />utsedhato nyat puruṣāṇi <unclear cert="low">sapta</unclear></l>
<l>
<seg met=".=.="><gap quantity="4" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <unclear>ha</unclear>sta-śata-dvayasya|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="upajāti" n="37">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
babandha yatnān mahatā nṛdevān</l>
<l>
<unclear cert="low">abhyarcya</unclear> samyag ghaṭitopalena|
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
a-jāti-duṣṭa<sic>m</sic> prathitaṃ taṭākaṃ</l>
<l>
sudarśanaṃ śāśvata-kalpa-kālaM|</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="mālinī" n="38">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="22" />api ca sudṛḍha-setu-prā<unclear cert="low">nta</unclear>-vinyasta-śobha-</l>
<l>
ratha-caraṇa-samāhva-krauṃca-haṃsāsa-dhūtaM|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
vimala-salila <seg met="===.==.=="><gap quantity="9" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
bhuvi ta <seg met="...==="><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> da#<unclear>ā</unclear>rkaḥ śaśī ca|
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="mālinī" n="39">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="23" />nagaram api ca bhūyād vṛddhimat-paura-juṣṭaṃ
</l>
<l>
dvija-bahu-śata-gīta-brahma-nirnaṣṭa-pāpaṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
śatam api ca samānām īti-durbhikṣa <seg met="=*"><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg></l>
<l>
<seg met="......===.==.=="><gap quantity="15" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied reason="undefined">||</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<p>
<unclear>iti suda</unclear>rśana-taṭāka-saṃskāra-graṃtha-racanā <unclear>sa</unclear>māptā||
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>