The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Dhanaidaha Charter of Kumaragupta I

The inscription is only on one side of the plate. There seem to be practically no margins.

Object URI
OB00021
Inscription URI
IN00023

Basic Metadata

Extent
13 cm width x 14 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
"early Gupta characters of the 5th century," quoth Bhandarkar - doesn't say much
Reigning Monarch
Kumāragupta I
Date (min)
431
Date (max)
433
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 113 (era: Gupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic.
Toggle Width
Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Dhanaidaha Charter of Kumaragupta I</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
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<repository>Varendra Research Museum</repository>
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<material>metal / copper alloy</material>
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<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A single copper plate the proper right half of which is lost. The dimensions above are those of the extant portion. The upper right corner of this was broken off and lost in the Calcutta Industrial Exhibition of 1906-07; this is reported to have contained the characters ma and ra which may have been part of the name of Kumāragupta (#Bandyopadhyaya_1909:459). Bandyopadhyaya also says he took photos of the plates in a less damaged state - no information on whether these photos are still around somewhere.</p>
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<p>The inscription is only on one side of the plate. There seem to be practically no margins.</p>
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<height unit="cm" />
<p>"early Gupta characters of the 5th century," quoth Bhandarkar - doesn't say much</p>
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<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>?Dhanaidaha</origPlace>
<origDate />
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<p>Found about 1906 in Dhanāidaha/Dhānaidah/धनैदह (spellings from Bhandarkar, Agrawala and Goyal), Nātore (नाटोर) sub-division of Rajshahi district in Bangladesh.</p>
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<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" /><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">siddhaM| catur-udadhi-salilāsvāditayaśaso mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptasya</supplied> <supplied reason="lost">sa</supplied>mvatsara-śa<supplied reason="undefined">te</supplied> trayodaśotta
<lb break="no" n="2" /><supplied reason="lost">re</supplied> <gap precision="low" quantity="23" reason="lost" unit="character" />
</p>
<p>
<supplied reason="lost">asyā</supplied>n d<unclear>i</unclear>vasa-pūrvvāyāṃ parama-daivata-para
<lb break="no" n="3" /><supplied reason="lost">ma-bhaṭṭāraka-</supplied><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāragupte pṛthivīpatau</supplied> kuṭu<unclear>mbi</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="3" reason="lost" unit="character" /> brāhmaṇa-śivaśarmma-nāgaśarmma-maha
<lb break="no" n="4" /><gap precision="low" quantity="19" reason="lost" unit="character" />vakīrtti-kṣemadatta-goṣṭhaka-varggapāla-piṅgala-śuṅkuka-kāla-
<lb n="5" /><gap precision="low" quantity="20" reason="lost" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">pa</unclear>viṣṇu-<unclear>deva</unclear>śarmma-viṣṇubhadra-khāsaka-rāmaka-gopāla-
<lb n="6" /><gap precision="low" quantity="18" reason="lost" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">sasu</unclear> śrībhadra-somapāla-rāmā<unclear cert="low">dyāḥ</unclear> grāmāṣṭa-kulādhikaraṇañ ca
<lb n="7" /><gap precision="low" quantity="15" reason="lost" unit="character" />viṣṇu<unclear cert="low">nā</unclear> vijñāpitā iha khādā<unclear cert="low">ṭa</unclear>pāra-viṣaye nuvṛtta-maryyādā-sthi<unclear>ti</unclear>-
<lb n="8" /><gap precision="low" quantity="15" reason="lost" unit="character" />nīvī-dharmma-kṣayeṇa labhya<unclear>te</unclear>
</p>
<p>
<unclear>ta</unclear>d arhatha mamādyānenaiva kkrame<choice><sic>n</sic><corr>ṇ</corr></choice>a dā<unclear>tuṃ</unclear>
<lb n="9" /><gap precision="low" quantity="14" reason="lost" unit="character" />samety<unclear cert="low">ā</unclear>bhihitai<unclear cert="low">ḥ</unclear> sarvvam eva <unclear cert="low">jñā</unclear>kara-prative<unclear cert="low">śi</unclear>-kuṭumbibhir avasthāpya ka
<lb break="no" n="10" /><gap precision="low" quantity="14" reason="lost" unit="character" />ri <gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> kana <gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> yad ito <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>ta</unclear>d avadhṛtam iti yatas tatheti pratipādya
<lb n="11" /><gap precision="low" quantity="11" reason="lost" unit="character" /> <supplied reason="lost">aṣṭaka-na</supplied>vaka-nalā<unclear>bhyā</unclear>m apaviñchya kṣetra-kulya-vāpam ekaṃ dattaṃ tataḥ āyuktaka-
<lb n="12" /><gap precision="low" quantity="14" reason="lost" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">bhrā</unclear>tṛ-kaṭaka-vāstavya-chandoga-brāhmaṇa-varāhasvāmino dattaṃ taddha<unclear cert="low">va</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="13" /><gap precision="low" quantity="16" reason="lost" unit="character" />bhūmyā dā<unclear>nākṣe</unclear>pe ca guṇāguṇam anucintya śarīra-k<unclear>ā</unclear>ñcanakasya ci
<lb break="no" n="14" /><supplied reason="lost">ra-cañcalatvaṃ</supplied> <gap precision="low" quantity="10" reason="lost" unit="character" /> #ā
</p>
<p>
<unclear>u</unclear>ktañ ca bhagavatā dvaipāyanena
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<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="1">
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<l>
svadattām para-dattām vā</l><l><lb n="15" /><supplied reason="lost">yo hareta vasundharām</supplied></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<supplied reason="lost">sa viṣṭhāyāṃ kṛmir bhūtvā</supplied></l><l><supplied reason="lost">pitṛ</supplied><unclear>bhiḥ</unclear> saha pacyate</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
ṣaṣṭiṃ varṣa-sahasrā<choice><sic>n</sic><corr>ṇ</corr></choice>i</l><l>svargge modati <unclear>bhū</unclear>midaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="16" /><supplied reason="lost">ākṣeptā cānumantā ca</supplied></l><l><supplied reason="lost">tāny eva narake vaset</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<unclear>pū</unclear>rvva-dattāṃ dvijātibhyo</l><l>yatnād rakṣa yudhiṣṭhira</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
mahīṃ <unclear>mahī</unclear><supplied reason="lost">matāñ cchreṣṭha</supplied></l><l><lb n="17" /><supplied reason="lost">dānāc chreyo nupālanam</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<p>
<gap precision="low" quantity="10" reason="lost" unit="character" />ya<unclear>ṃ</unclear> <unclear cert="low">su</unclear>śrībhadrena utkīrṇṇaṃ sthambheśvaradāse<unclear>na</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="5" reason="lost" unit="character" />
</p>

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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First noticed and edited in #Bandyopadhyaya_1909:459-461. Re-edited in #Basak_1923-24. Discussed in #Basak_1925.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
19
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1267
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.16
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
22
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
150-155
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<title>Dhanaidaha Charter of Kumaragupta I</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00023</idno>
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<msName>Dhanaidaha Plate of Kumaragupta I</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00021</idno>
<repository>Varendra Research Museum</repository>
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<material>metal / copper alloy</material>
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<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A single copper plate the proper right half of which is lost. The dimensions above are those of the extant portion. The upper right corner of this was broken off and lost in the Calcutta Industrial Exhibition of 1906-07; this is reported to have contained the characters ma and ra which may have been part of the name of Kumāragupta (#Bandyopadhyaya_1909:459). Bandyopadhyaya also says he took photos of the plates in a less damaged state - no information on whether these photos are still around somewhere.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>13</width>
<height>14</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription is only on one side of the plate. There seem to be practically no margins.</p>
</layout>
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</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>"early Gupta characters of the 5th century," quoth Bhandarkar - doesn't say much</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<origin>
<origPlace>?Dhanaidaha</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Found about 1906 in Dhanāidaha/Dhānaidah/धनैदह (spellings from Bhandarkar, Agrawala and Goyal), Nātore (नाटोर) sub-division of Rajshahi district in Bangladesh.</p>
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<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" /><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">siddhaM| catur-udadhi-salilāsvāditayaśaso mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptasya</supplied> <supplied reason="lost">sa</supplied>mvatsara-śa<supplied reason="undefined">te</supplied> trayodaśotta
<lb break="no" n="2" /><supplied reason="lost">re</supplied> <gap precision="low" quantity="23" reason="lost" unit="character" />
</p>
<p>
<supplied reason="lost">asyā</supplied>n d<unclear>i</unclear>vasa-pūrvvāyāṃ parama-daivata-para
<lb break="no" n="3" /><supplied reason="lost">ma-bhaṭṭāraka-</supplied><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāragupte pṛthivīpatau</supplied> kuṭu<unclear>mbi</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="3" reason="lost" unit="character" /> brāhmaṇa-śivaśarmma-nāgaśarmma-maha
<lb break="no" n="4" /><gap precision="low" quantity="19" reason="lost" unit="character" />vakīrtti-kṣemadatta-goṣṭhaka-varggapāla-piṅgala-śuṅkuka-kāla-
<lb n="5" /><gap precision="low" quantity="20" reason="lost" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">pa</unclear>viṣṇu-<unclear>deva</unclear>śarmma-viṣṇubhadra-khāsaka-rāmaka-gopāla-
<lb n="6" /><gap precision="low" quantity="18" reason="lost" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">sasu</unclear> śrībhadra-somapāla-rāmā<unclear cert="low">dyāḥ</unclear> grāmāṣṭa-kulādhikaraṇañ ca
<lb n="7" /><gap precision="low" quantity="15" reason="lost" unit="character" />viṣṇu<unclear cert="low">nā</unclear> vijñāpitā iha khādā<unclear cert="low">ṭa</unclear>pāra-viṣaye nuvṛtta-maryyādā-sthi<unclear>ti</unclear>-
<lb n="8" /><gap precision="low" quantity="15" reason="lost" unit="character" />nīvī-dharmma-kṣayeṇa labhya<unclear>te</unclear>
</p>
<p>
<unclear>ta</unclear>d arhatha mamādyānenaiva kkrame<choice><sic>n</sic><corr>ṇ</corr></choice>a dā<unclear>tuṃ</unclear>
<lb n="9" /><gap precision="low" quantity="14" reason="lost" unit="character" />samety<unclear cert="low">ā</unclear>bhihitai<unclear cert="low">ḥ</unclear> sarvvam eva <unclear cert="low">jñā</unclear>kara-prative<unclear cert="low">śi</unclear>-kuṭumbibhir avasthāpya ka
<lb break="no" n="10" /><gap precision="low" quantity="14" reason="lost" unit="character" />ri <gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> kana <gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> yad ito <gap precision="low" quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /> <unclear>ta</unclear>d avadhṛtam iti yatas tatheti pratipādya
<lb n="11" /><gap precision="low" quantity="11" reason="lost" unit="character" /> <supplied reason="lost">aṣṭaka-na</supplied>vaka-nalā<unclear>bhyā</unclear>m apaviñchya kṣetra-kulya-vāpam ekaṃ dattaṃ tataḥ āyuktaka-
<lb n="12" /><gap precision="low" quantity="14" reason="lost" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">bhrā</unclear>tṛ-kaṭaka-vāstavya-chandoga-brāhmaṇa-varāhasvāmino dattaṃ taddha<unclear cert="low">va</unclear>
<lb break="no" n="13" /><gap precision="low" quantity="16" reason="lost" unit="character" />bhūmyā dā<unclear>nākṣe</unclear>pe ca guṇāguṇam anucintya śarīra-k<unclear>ā</unclear>ñcanakasya ci
<lb break="no" n="14" /><supplied reason="lost">ra-cañcalatvaṃ</supplied> <gap precision="low" quantity="10" reason="lost" unit="character" /> #ā
</p>
<p>
<unclear>u</unclear>ktañ ca bhagavatā dvaipāyanena
</p>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
svadattām para-dattām vā</l><l><lb n="15" /><supplied reason="lost">yo hareta vasundharām</supplied></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<supplied reason="lost">sa viṣṭhāyāṃ kṛmir bhūtvā</supplied></l><l><supplied reason="lost">pitṛ</supplied><unclear>bhiḥ</unclear> saha pacyate</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
ṣaṣṭiṃ varṣa-sahasrā<choice><sic>n</sic><corr>ṇ</corr></choice>i</l><l>svargge modati <unclear>bhū</unclear>midaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<lb n="16" /><supplied reason="lost">ākṣeptā cānumantā ca</supplied></l><l><supplied reason="lost">tāny eva narake vaset</supplied></l>
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<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<unclear>pū</unclear>rvva-dattāṃ dvijātibhyo</l><l>yatnād rakṣa yudhiṣṭhira</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
mahīṃ <unclear>mahī</unclear><supplied reason="lost">matāñ cchreṣṭha</supplied></l><l><lb n="17" /><supplied reason="lost">dānāc chreyo nupālanam</supplied></l>
</lg></lg>
<p>
<gap precision="low" quantity="10" reason="lost" unit="character" />ya<unclear>ṃ</unclear> <unclear cert="low">su</unclear>śrībhadrena utkīrṇṇaṃ sthambheśvaradāse<unclear>na</unclear> <gap precision="low" quantity="5" reason="lost" unit="character" />
</p>

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