The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Udayagiri Cave 8 Inscription of the Time of Candragupta II

The rock surface is damaged by peeling off, but the text is largely legible.

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00013
Inscription URI
IN00014

Basic Metadata

Extent
110 cm width x 35 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
eastern Gupta, almost identical to %IN00001
Script size
2-3
Reigning Monarch
Candragupta II
Date (min)
370
Date (max)
416
Date comments
Basis of dating: approximate reign of Candragupta II.
Toggle Width
Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<titleStmt>
<title>Udayagiri Cave 8 Inscription of the Time of Candragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00014</idno>
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<msName>Udayagiri Cave 8 Back Wall</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00013</idno>
<repository>in situ</repository>
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<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / local</material>
<objectType>rock face</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width />
<height />
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>The inscription is on the back wall of Tawā Cave in Udayagiri, a little to the left as one enters. The cave's number is 7 according to Williams (1982) and Agrawala (1983) as well as the signboard on site in 2017, but 8 according to Willis (2009) and Wikipedia. It has no interior decoration save a lotus carved on the ceiling; the exterior has an unadorned doorway flanked by two dvārapālas.</p>
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<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>110</width>
<height>35</height>
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<p>The rock surface is damaged by peeling off, but the text is largely legible.</p>
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</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">02-Mar</height>
<p>eastern Gupta, almost identical to %IN00001</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Udayagiri</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>The inscription was discovered for scholarship by Cunningham between 1874 and 1877.</p>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><div subtype="margin" type="textpart">
<ab><lb n="margin.1" />siddham</ab>
</div>
<div subtype="body" type="textpart">
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="1">
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<l>
<lb n="1" />
<unclear>ya</unclear>d a<unclear>ṃ</unclear>tar-jjyotir arkkābham</l><l>u<unclear>r</unclear>vvy<unclear>ā</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">m</supplied> <seg met="**.=.*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg>
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<seg met="****.="><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> -vyāpi</l><l>candragu<unclear>ptākhya</unclear>m adbhutaM <num value="1">1</num>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="2" />
vikramāvakraya-krītā</l><l>dāsya-nyagbhūta-<unclear>pā</unclear>rtthiv<unclear>ā</unclear></l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
<seg met="***"><gap quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> m anusaṃraktā</l><l>dharmma <seg met="**.=.*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <num value="2">2</num>
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</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="3" />
tasya rājādhirājarṣer</l><l>acin<supplied reason="undefined">t</supplied>yo <seg met="*."><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied cert="low" reason="undefined">ka</supplied>rmmaṇaḥ
</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
anvaya-prāpta-sācivyo</l><l>vyā <seg met="**"><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied reason="undefined">san</supplied>dh<supplied reason="undefined">i</supplied>v<supplied reason="undefined">i</supplied>grah<unclear>e</unclear> <num value="3">3</num>
</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="4" />
kautsaś śāba iti khyāto</l><l>vīrasenaḥ kulākhyayā</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
śabdārttha-nyāya-loka-jñax</l><l>kavif pāṭaliputrakaḥ <num value="4">4</num></l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="5" />
kṛtsna-pṛthvī-jayārtthena</l><l>rājñaiveha sahāgataḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
bhaktyā bhagavataś śambhor</l><l>gguhām etām akāraya<unclear>T</unclear> <num value="5"><unclear>5</unclear></num></l>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First noticed (with transliteration, translation [by Raja Shivprasad Sitar-e-Hind] and manual transcript) in #ASIR_10:51-52. Some errors pointed out in #Hultzsch_1882:312. Critically edited in #Fleet_1888. Slightly revised in #Bühler_1891:226-227. Summarised in #Trivedi_2001:19-20 (No. 4). Discussion: #Willis_2009:39-41, 216.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
6
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
11
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1541
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.11
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
11
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
117-123
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
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<titleStmt>
<title>Udayagiri Cave 8 Inscription of the Time of Candragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00014</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Udayagiri Cave 8 Back Wall</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00013</idno>
<repository>in situ</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / local</material>
<objectType>rock face</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width />
<height />
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>The inscription is on the back wall of Tawā Cave in Udayagiri, a little to the left as one enters. The cave's number is 7 according to Williams (1982) and Agrawala (1983) as well as the signboard on site in 2017, but 8 according to Willis (2009) and Wikipedia. It has no interior decoration save a lotus carved on the ceiling; the exterior has an unadorned doorway flanked by two dvārapālas.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>110</width>
<height>35</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The rock surface is damaged by peeling off, but the text is largely legible.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">02-Mar</height>
<p>eastern Gupta, almost identical to %IN00001</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Udayagiri</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>The inscription was discovered for scholarship by Cunningham between 1874 and 1877.</p>
</history>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><div subtype="margin" type="textpart">
<ab><lb n="margin.1" />siddham</ab>
</div>
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<seg met="****.="><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> -vyāpi</l><l>candragu<unclear>ptākhya</unclear>m adbhutaM <num value="1">1</num>
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vikramāvakraya-krītā</l><l>dāsya-nyagbhūta-<unclear>pā</unclear>rtthiv<unclear>ā</unclear></l>
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<seg met="***"><gap quantity="3" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> m anusaṃraktā</l><l>dharmma <seg met="**.=.*"><gap quantity="6" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <num value="2">2</num>
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tasya rājādhirājarṣer</l><l>acin<supplied reason="undefined">t</supplied>yo <seg met="*."><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied cert="low" reason="undefined">ka</supplied>rmmaṇaḥ
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anvaya-prāpta-sācivyo</l><l>vyā <seg met="**"><gap quantity="2" reason="illegible" unit="character" /></seg> <supplied reason="undefined">san</supplied>dh<supplied reason="undefined">i</supplied>v<supplied reason="undefined">i</supplied>grah<unclear>e</unclear> <num value="3">3</num>
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</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>
<lb n="4" />
kautsaś śāba iti khyāto</l><l>vīrasenaḥ kulākhyayā</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
śabdārttha-nyāya-loka-jñax</l><l>kavif pāṭaliputrakaḥ <num value="4">4</num></l>
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<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="5">
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<lb n="5" />
kṛtsna-pṛthvī-jayārtthena</l><l>rājñaiveha sahāgataḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>
bhaktyā bhagavataś śambhor</l><l>gguhām etām akāraya<unclear>T</unclear> <num value="5"><unclear>5</unclear></num></l>
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