The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Udayagiri Cave 6 Inscription of the Time of Candragupta II

The inscription occupies the upper part of the panel.

Object URI
OB00009
Inscription URI
IN00009

Basic Metadata

Extent
70 cm width x 12 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
box-headed Central Indian variety of southern class
Script size
1.4
Reigning Monarch
Candragupta II
Date (min)
400
Date (max)
401
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 82 āṣāḍha śukla 11 (era: Gupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic.
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Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Udayagiri Cave 6 Inscription of the Time of Candragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
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<material>stone / local</material>
<objectType>rock face</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>72.5</width>
<height>46</height>
<depth>11.5</depth>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A smoothed and countersunk panel on the façade of the cave, to the north (viewer's right) of the entrance. In the dimensions above (quoted from Agrawala), depth stands for the depth of sinking back from the rock face. Below the panel there are four sculptural niches; the panel is about as wide as one such niche, centred above the niches. The two reliefs below the panel are a figure of a four-armed Viṣṇu with two small wives or attendants, and a twelve-armed Mahiṣāsuramardinī. The carved doorway is flanked by two dvārapālas. There is also another (smaller) Viṣṇu to the south of the entrance, and a high relief of Gaṇeśa on the south side wall of the porch. The cave is on the eastern side of the hill, a little to the south of the village and almost on the level of the ground. It was named "Chandragupta Cave" by Cunningham and is now referred to as Cave 6.</p>
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<p>The inscription occupies the upper part of the panel.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.4</height>
<p>box-headed Central Indian variety of southern class</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Udayagiri Hill</origPlace>
<origDate />
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<p>In the modern period first noticed by Cunningham in the mid-19th century.</p>
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<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" />siddhaM|| saṃvatsare <num value="82">80 2</num> āṣāḍha-māsa-śukl<sic>e</sic>kādaśyāM parama-bhaṭṭāraka-<sic>mahārājādhi</sic>-śrī-candra<unclear>g</unclear>upta-pādānuddhyātasya|
<lb n="2" />mahārāja-chagalaga-pautrasya mahārāja-viṣṇudāsa-putrasya sanakānikasya mahā<supplied reason="undefined">rāja</supplied>-<gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">ḍha</unclear>la<unclear>syāyaṃ de</unclear><unclear cert="low">ya</unclear>-<unclear>dha</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">r</supplied>m<unclear>ma</unclear>ḥ|
</p>

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</text>
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First noticed (with text, translation and eye copy) in #Cunningham_1854:150-152. E. Thomas gives his own reading and a translation "approved of by Prof. Wilson" in #Prinsep_1858:246-247n4. Revised (with new facsimile) in #ASIR_10:50. First critical edition in #Fleet_1888. Summarised in #Trivedi_2001:18 (No. 2). Discussed in: #Willis_2009:57-58.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
3
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
7
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1260
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.10
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
10
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
106-108
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<?xml-model href="http://www.stoa.org/epidoc/schema/latest/tei-epidoc.rng" schematypens="http://purl.oclc.org/dsdl/schematron"?>
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<titleStmt>
<title>Udayagiri Cave 6 Inscription of the Time of Candragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00009</idno>
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<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Udayagiri Cave 6 Panel at Entrance</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00009</idno>
<repository>in situ</repository>
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<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / local</material>
<objectType>rock face</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>72.5</width>
<height>46</height>
<depth>11.5</depth>
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>A smoothed and countersunk panel on the façade of the cave, to the north (viewer's right) of the entrance. In the dimensions above (quoted from Agrawala), depth stands for the depth of sinking back from the rock face. Below the panel there are four sculptural niches; the panel is about as wide as one such niche, centred above the niches. The two reliefs below the panel are a figure of a four-armed Viṣṇu with two small wives or attendants, and a twelve-armed Mahiṣāsuramardinī. The carved doorway is flanked by two dvārapālas. There is also another (smaller) Viṣṇu to the south of the entrance, and a high relief of Gaṇeśa on the south side wall of the porch. The cave is on the eastern side of the hill, a little to the south of the village and almost on the level of the ground. It was named "Chandragupta Cave" by Cunningham and is now referred to as Cave 6.</p>
</support>
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<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>70</width>
<height>12</height>
</dimensions>
<p>The inscription occupies the upper part of the panel.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.4</height>
<p>box-headed Central Indian variety of southern class</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Udayagiri Hill</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>In the modern period first noticed by Cunningham in the mid-19th century.</p>
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<lb n="1" />siddhaM|| saṃvatsare <num value="82">80 2</num> āṣāḍha-māsa-śukl<sic>e</sic>kādaśyāM parama-bhaṭṭāraka-<sic>mahārājādhi</sic>-śrī-candra<unclear>g</unclear>upta-pādānuddhyātasya|
<lb n="2" />mahārāja-chagalaga-pautrasya mahārāja-viṣṇudāsa-putrasya sanakānikasya mahā<supplied reason="undefined">rāja</supplied>-<gap precision="low" quantity="1" reason="illegible" unit="character" /><unclear cert="low">ḍha</unclear>la<unclear>syāyaṃ de</unclear><unclear cert="low">ya</unclear>-<unclear>dha</unclear><supplied reason="undefined">r</supplied>m<unclear>ma</unclear>ḥ|
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</div></body>
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