The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Nalanda Grant of Samudragupta

Damaged in lines 4 to 7, particularly 7. The inscription fills most of the surface of the plate, with some margin on the proper right. Inscribed area dimensions estimated on the basis of plate size.

Object URI
OB00003
Inscription URI
IN00003

Basic Metadata

Extent
24 cm width x 21 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class, called eastern Gupta by Bhandarkar and "about the 6th century" by Agrawala (along with the Gaya plate)
Script size
1.3
Reigning Monarch
Samudragupta
Date (min)
350
Date (max)
360
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 5 māgha 2 (era: ?regnal, Samudragupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic + reign of Samudragupta. The document is possibly a fake or at least a later replacement of a genuine original.
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Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Nalanda Grant of Samudragupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
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<repository>Indian Museum, Calcutta</repository>
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<material>metal / copper alloy</material>
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<width>27</width>
<height>23</height>
<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">525</measure>
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<p>A single copper plate inscribed on one side only. Found without an attached seal.</p>
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<width>24</width>
<height>21</height>
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<p>Damaged in lines 4 to 7, particularly 7. The inscription fills most of the surface of the plate, with some margin on the proper right. Inscribed area dimensions estimated on the basis of plate size.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.3</height>
<p>northern class, called eastern Gupta by Bhandarkar and "about the 6th century" by Agrawala (along with the Gaya plate)</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>?Ānandapura</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Found in 1927-28 at Nālandā, north verandah of Monastery Site 1 near the copper plate of Devapāla. May be genuine or an ancient forgery/copy. At some point of its discovery the plates were chemically treated to remove patina. #Bhandarkar_1981:224 says that according to #Ghosh_1939-40 some portions had been more legible before this treatment. I see no such claim in #Ghosh_1939-40; in any case, according to #Bhandarkar_1981:225, "the inscription had already suffered considerably in lines 4-6, and particularly in line 7 in the effacement of letters when it was examined, but after chemical treatment these lines, and especially line 7, developed actual perforations."</p>
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<space quantity="5" unit="character" /> sambat <num value="5">5</num> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> māgha di <num value="2">2</num> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> ni<choice><unclear>b</unclear><unclear>v</unclear></choice>addha<choice><unclear>ḥ</unclear><unclear>M</unclear></choice>
<lb n="11" />anugrāmākṣapaṭalādhikṛta-mahāpīlūpati-mahāvalādhikṛta gopasvām<supplied reason="omitted">y</supplied>-ādeśa-likhitaḥ
<lb n="12" /><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">dūtaḥ</supplied> <supplied reason="undefined">ku</supplied><unclear cert="low">mā</unclear>ra-śrī-candraguptaḥ
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported by Hirananda Sastri in #ARASI_1927-28:138; first edited in #Ghosh_1939-40. Discussed and pronounced spurious in #Sircar_1941-42a. Genuineness discussed in #Goyal_1999:72-76.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
3
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
2075
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1/III.4
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
3
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
62-67
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<title>Nalanda Grant of Samudragupta</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00003</idno>
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<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>metal / copper alloy</material>
<objectType>plate</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>27</width>
<height>23</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">525</measure>
</extent>
<p>A single copper plate inscribed on one side only. Found without an attached seal.</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>24</width>
<height>21</height>
</dimensions>
<p>Damaged in lines 4 to 7, particularly 7. The inscription fills most of the surface of the plate, with some margin on the proper right. Inscribed area dimensions estimated on the basis of plate size.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.3</height>
<p>northern class, called eastern Gupta by Bhandarkar and "about the 6th century" by Agrawala (along with the Gaya plate)</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>?Ānandapura</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Found in 1927-28 at Nālandā, north verandah of Monastery Site 1 near the copper plate of Devapāla. May be genuine or an ancient forgery/copy. At some point of its discovery the plates were chemically treated to remove patina. #Bhandarkar_1981:224 says that according to #Ghosh_1939-40 some portions had been more legible before this treatment. I see no such claim in #Ghosh_1939-40; in any case, according to #Bhandarkar_1981:225, "the inscription had already suffered considerably in lines 4-6, and particularly in line 7 in the effacement of letters when it was examined, but after chemical treatment these lines, and especially line 7, developed actual perforations."</p>
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<p>
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<lb break="no" n="2" />dita-yaśaso dhanada-varuṇendrānta<supplied reason="omitted">ka</supplied>-samasya kṛtānta-paraśor nyāyāgatāneka-go-hiraṇya-koṭi-pradasya cirotsa<unclear>nn</unclear>ā<lb break="no" n="3" />śvamedhāharttur mmahārāja-śrī-gu<supplied reason="omitted">pta</supplied>-prapauttrasya mahārāja-śrī-ghaṭotkaca-pauttrasya mahārā<unclear>jādhi</unclear>rāja-<unclear>śrī-candragupta</unclear>-puttra
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<lb break="no" n="9" /><unclear>bhṛ</unclear>ty anena ttraividyenānya-grāmādi-karada-kuṭumbi-kā<unclear>rukāda</unclear>yaf praveśayi<unclear>ta</unclear>vyā <unclear>a</unclear>nyathā niyatam āgrahārā<unclear>kṣepaḥ</unclear>
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<space quantity="5" unit="character" /> sambat <num value="5">5</num> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> māgha di <num value="2">2</num> <space quantity="1" unit="character" /> ni<choice><unclear>b</unclear><unclear>v</unclear></choice>addha<choice><unclear>ḥ</unclear><unclear>M</unclear></choice>
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<lb n="12" /><supplied cert="low" reason="lost">dūtaḥ</supplied> <supplied reason="undefined">ku</supplied><unclear cert="low">mā</unclear>ra-śrī-candraguptaḥ
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