The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Bodhgaya Stela Inscription of Mahanaman

Object Reference
Object URI
OB00107
Inscription URI
IN00119

Basic Metadata

Extent
45 cm width x 30 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class, kuṭila characters
Script size
1.6
Date (min)
587
Date (max)
588
Date comments
Intrinsic Date: 269 caitra śukla 7 (era: Gupta). Basis of dating: intrinsic.
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Edition
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<title>Bodhgaya Stela Inscription of Mahanaman</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00119</idno>
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<msIdentifier>
<msName>Bodhgaya Stela of Mahanaman</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00107</idno>
<repository>Imperial Museum, Calcutta</repository>
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<material>stone / unspecified</material>
<objectType>stela</objectType>
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<width>50</width>
<height>45</height>
<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A slab that according to Fleet appears to have been set in a socket about 3 inches deep and mortised at the sides into a building, so it may not be a proper stela. The thickness of the slab and the finish of the back face are not reported. The inscription occupes the upper two thirds of the front; in the bottom left-hand corner there is an engraved outline figure of a cow nibbling at the foliage of a plant in the corner, and a calf below the cow's belly.</p>
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<width>45</width>
<height>30</height>
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<p>14 lines of text in an excellent state of preservation.</p>
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<height unit="cm">1.6</height>
<p>northern class, kuṭila characters</p>
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<p>None.</p>
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<origPlace />
<origDate />
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<p>Discovered by Cunningham and Beglar in their excavations at Bodhgaya, before 1886.</p>
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<l><lb n="1" />vyāpto yenāprameyaḥ sakala-śaśi-rucā sarvvataḥ satva-dhātuḥ</l>
<l>ksuṇṇāḥ pāṣaṇḍa-yodhās sugati-patha-rudhas tarkka-śastrābhiyuktāḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>sampūrṇṇo <lb n="2" />dharmma-koṣaḥ prakṛti-ripu-hṛtaḥ sādhito loka-bhūtyai|</l>
<l>śāstuḥ śākyaika-vandhor jjayati cirataraṃ tad yaśas-<unclear>s</unclear>āra-tanttraM||</l>
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<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>nairodhīṃ śubha-bhāvanā<lb break="no" n="3" />m anusṛtaḥ saṃsāra-saṃkleśa-jin</l>
<l>maitreyasya kare vimukti-vaśitā yasyādbhutā vyākṛtā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>nirvvāṇāvasare ca yena caraṇau dṛṣṭau muneḥ <lb n="4" />pāvanau|</l>
<l>pāyād vaḥ sa munīndra-śāsana-dharaḥ stuty<unclear>o</unclear> mahā-kāśyapaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>saṃyuktāgamino viśuddha-rajasaḥ satvānukampodyatāḥ</l>
<l>śiṣyā <lb n="5" />yasya sakṛd vicerur amalāṃ laṅkācalopatyakāM</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>tebhyaḥ śīla-guṇānvitāś ca śataśaḥ śiṣya-praśiṣyāḥ kramāj</l>
<l>jātās tuṅga-narendra-<lb n="6" />vaṃśa-tilakāḥ protsṛjya rājya-śriyaM||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>dhyānodayāhita-hitaḥ śubhāśubha-viveka-kṛd vihata-mohaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>sad-dharmmātula-vibhavo bhavo vabhūva <lb n="7" />śramaṇas tataḥ||</l>
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<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>rāhulākhyaś ca tac-chiṣya</l><l>upaseno yatir yataḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>mahānāmā kramād evam</l><l>upasenas tato paraḥ||</l>
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<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="6">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>vātsalyaṃ śaraṇā<lb break="no" n="8" />gatasya satataṃ dīnasya vaiśeṣikaṃ</l>
<l>vyāpat-sāyaka-santati-kṣata-dhṛter ārttasya cāpatyakaṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>krūrasyāhita-kāriṇaḥ pravitataṃ vandhor yathā <lb n="9" />bhāvataḥ</l>
<l>evaṃ sac-caritodbhavena yaśasā yasyācitaṃ bhūtalaṃ<surplus>|</surplus>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="7">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>āmra-dvīpādhivāsī pṛthu-kula-jaladhis tasya śiṣyo mahīyāN</l>
<l><lb n="10" />laṅkā-dvīpa-prasūtaḥ para-hita-nirataḥ san-mahānāma-nāmā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>tenoccair vvodhimaṇḍe śaśi-kara-dhavalaḥ sarvvato maṇḍapena|</l>
<l><lb n="11" />kāntaḥ prāsāda eṣa smara-vala-jayinaḥ kārito loka-śāstuḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="8">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>vyapagata-viṣaya-sneho hata-timira-daśaḥ pradīpavad asaṅgaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><lb n="12" />kuśalenānena jano vodhi-sukham anuttaraṃ bhajatāM||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="9">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yāvad dhvāntāpahāri pravitata-kiraṇaḥ sarvvato bhāti bhāsvān</l>
<l>yāvat pūrṇṇo mvu-<lb n="13" />rāśiḥ phaṇi-phaṇa-kuṭilair ūrmmi cakkrais samantāT</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yāvac cendrādhivāso vividha-maṇi-śilā-cāru śṛṅgaḥ sumeruḥ</l>
<l>śobhāḍhya<choice><sic>M</sic><corr>ṃ</corr></choice> <lb n="14" />tāvad etad bhavanam uru-muneḥ śāśvatatva<sic>m</sic> prayātu|||</l>
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<p><expan><abbr>samvaT</abbr><ex>sare</ex></expan> <num value="269">200 60 9</num> caittra <expan><abbr>śu</abbr><ex>kla</ex></expan> <expan><abbr>di</abbr><ex>vase</ex></expan> <num value="7">7</num>||<g type="ornament" />
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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First mentioned in #Smith_1886 and #Fleet_1886h. First edited in #Fleet_1886i. Re-edited in #Fleet_1888. Fleet's translation reprinted in #Cunningham_1892:60-62. Corrections to interpretation in #Kielhorn_1891:190. Discussed in #Smith_1902, #Tournier_2014.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
71
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
1325
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
2/I.12
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
I. Bodh-Gayā 31
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<title>Bodhgaya Stela Inscription of Mahanaman</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00119</idno>
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<sourceDesc>
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<msIdentifier>
<msName>Bodhgaya Stela of Mahanaman</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00107</idno>
<repository>Imperial Museum, Calcutta</repository>
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<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>stone / unspecified</material>
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<dimensions unit="cm">
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<height>45</height>
<depth />
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>A slab that according to Fleet appears to have been set in a socket about 3 inches deep and mortised at the sides into a building, so it may not be a proper stela. The thickness of the slab and the finish of the back face are not reported. The inscription occupes the upper two thirds of the front; in the bottom left-hand corner there is an engraved outline figure of a cow nibbling at the foliage of a plant in the corner, and a calf below the cow's belly.</p>
</support>
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<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>45</width>
<height>30</height>
</dimensions>
<p>14 lines of text in an excellent state of preservation.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">1.6</height>
<p>northern class, kuṭila characters</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate />
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<p>Discovered by Cunningham and Beglar in their excavations at Bodhgaya, before 1886.</p>
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<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><div subtype="margin" type="textpart">
<ab>
<lb n="margin.1" /><g type="mangala" />
</ab>
</div>
<div subtype="body" type="textpart">
<lg met="sragdharā" n="1">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l><lb n="1" />vyāpto yenāprameyaḥ sakala-śaśi-rucā sarvvataḥ satva-dhātuḥ</l>
<l>ksuṇṇāḥ pāṣaṇḍa-yodhās sugati-patha-rudhas tarkka-śastrābhiyuktāḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>sampūrṇṇo <lb n="2" />dharmma-koṣaḥ prakṛti-ripu-hṛtaḥ sādhito loka-bhūtyai|</l>
<l>śāstuḥ śākyaika-vandhor jjayati cirataraṃ tad yaśas-<unclear>s</unclear>āra-tanttraM||</l>
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<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="2">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>nairodhīṃ śubha-bhāvanā<lb break="no" n="3" />m anusṛtaḥ saṃsāra-saṃkleśa-jin</l>
<l>maitreyasya kare vimukti-vaśitā yasyādbhutā vyākṛtā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>nirvvāṇāvasare ca yena caraṇau dṛṣṭau muneḥ <lb n="4" />pāvanau|</l>
<l>pāyād vaḥ sa munīndra-śāsana-dharaḥ stuty<unclear>o</unclear> mahā-kāśyapaḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="3">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>saṃyuktāgamino viśuddha-rajasaḥ satvānukampodyatāḥ</l>
<l>śiṣyā <lb n="5" />yasya sakṛd vicerur amalāṃ laṅkācalopatyakāM</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>tebhyaḥ śīla-guṇānvitāś ca śataśaḥ śiṣya-praśiṣyāḥ kramāj</l>
<l>jātās tuṅga-narendra-<lb n="6" />vaṃśa-tilakāḥ protsṛjya rājya-śriyaM||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="4">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>dhyānodayāhita-hitaḥ śubhāśubha-viveka-kṛd vihata-mohaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>sad-dharmmātula-vibhavo bhavo vabhūva <lb n="7" />śramaṇas tataḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="anuṣṭubh" n="5">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>rāhulākhyaś ca tac-chiṣya</l><l>upaseno yatir yataḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>mahānāmā kramād evam</l><l>upasenas tato paraḥ||</l>
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<lg met="śārdūlavikrīḍita" n="6">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>vātsalyaṃ śaraṇā<lb break="no" n="8" />gatasya satataṃ dīnasya vaiśeṣikaṃ</l>
<l>vyāpat-sāyaka-santati-kṣata-dhṛter ārttasya cāpatyakaṃ|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>krūrasyāhita-kāriṇaḥ pravitataṃ vandhor yathā <lb n="9" />bhāvataḥ</l>
<l>evaṃ sac-caritodbhavena yaśasā yasyācitaṃ bhūtalaṃ<surplus>|</surplus>||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="7">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>āmra-dvīpādhivāsī pṛthu-kula-jaladhis tasya śiṣyo mahīyāN</l>
<l><lb n="10" />laṅkā-dvīpa-prasūtaḥ para-hita-nirataḥ san-mahānāma-nāmā|</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>tenoccair vvodhimaṇḍe śaśi-kara-dhavalaḥ sarvvato maṇḍapena|</l>
<l><lb n="11" />kāntaḥ prāsāda eṣa smara-vala-jayinaḥ kārito loka-śāstuḥ||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="āryā" n="8">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>vyapagata-viṣaya-sneho hata-timira-daśaḥ pradīpavad asaṅgaḥ</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l><lb n="12" />kuśalenānena jano vodhi-sukham anuttaraṃ bhajatāM||</l>
</lg></lg>
<lg met="sragdharā" n="9">
<lg n="ab" type="halfverse">
<l>yāvad dhvāntāpahāri pravitata-kiraṇaḥ sarvvato bhāti bhāsvān</l>
<l>yāvat pūrṇṇo mvu-<lb n="13" />rāśiḥ phaṇi-phaṇa-kuṭilair ūrmmi cakkrais samantāT</l>
</lg><lg n="cd" type="halfverse"><l>yāvac cendrādhivāso vividha-maṇi-śilā-cāru śṛṅgaḥ sumeruḥ</l>
<l>śobhāḍhya<choice><sic>M</sic><corr>ṃ</corr></choice> <lb n="14" />tāvad etad bhavanam uru-muneḥ śāśvatatva<sic>m</sic> prayātu|||</l>
</lg></lg>
<p><expan><abbr>samvaT</abbr><ex>sare</ex></expan> <num value="269">200 60 9</num> caittra <expan><abbr>śu</abbr><ex>kla</ex></expan> <expan><abbr>di</abbr><ex>vase</ex></expan> <num value="7">7</num>||<g type="ornament" />
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