The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Sohnag Seal Inscription of Avantivarman

Object URI
OB00135
Inscription URI
IN00148

Basic Metadata

Extent
13 cm width x 15 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class, late Gupta
Script size
0.5
Date (min)
575
Date (max)
604
Date comments
Basis of dating: approximate reign of Avantivarman.
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Edition
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<title>Sohnag Seal Inscription of Avantivarman</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00148</idno>
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<msName>Sohnag Clay Seal of Avantivarman</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00135</idno>
<repository>unknown</repository>
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<physDesc>
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<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>clay / terracotta</material>
<objectType>seal impression</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>16.8</width>
<height>18.5</height>
<depth>6.6</depth>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>An imperfectly fired clay seal, oval in shape. The inscribed impression is sunk slightly below the surface. The upper part, about one third, shows a bull decorated with a garland and walking to the proper right; there is an umbrella above it. In front of the bull walks a man carrying an axe and a standard with a cakra on top; his face is turned back toward the bull. Behind the bull another man carries a smaller axe and what may be a cāmara or a driver's stick or whip. The device part is very similar, but not identical, to that on the seals of Śarvavarman (%OB00131, %OB00132, %OB00133). Between the emblem and the inscribed lower part there is a single horizontal line, the do not seem to turn upward on the photograph. The reverse is convex, irregular, and "shows a hole in the thickness just below the inscription for attachment, even as seals were attached to land grants" (#Vats_1947-48:63). Could this be a string hole?</p>
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<width>13</width>
<height>15</height>
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<p>Eight lines of text. Character size estimated.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">0.5</height>
<p>northern class, late Gupta</p>
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<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Found in 1945 by a villager digging in a field, in Sohnag (26.260444, 83.910445, Gorakhpur District, UP). Studied in the original by M. S. Vats in 1946.</p>
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<lb n="1" />catus-samudrātikkrānta-kīrttiḥ pratāpānurāgopanatānya-rāj<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>o</corr></choice>
varṇṇāśrama-vyavastḥāpana-pravṛtta-<lb n="2" />cakkraś cakkradhara iva prajānām artti-haraḥ śrī-mah<unclear>ā</unclear>rāja-harivarmm<unclear>ā</unclear> tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto ja<lb break="no" n="3" />yasvāminī-bhaṭṭārikā-devyām utpannaḥ
śrī-mahārājādityavarmmā tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto <sic>jayasvāminī</sic>-<lb n="4" />bhaṭṭārikā-devyām utpannaḥ śrī-mahārājeśvaravarmmā tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāta upaguptā-bhaṭṭārikā-<lb n="5" />devyām utpanno mahārājādhirāja-śrī-īśāna-varmmā tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto <lb n="6" />lakṣmīvatī-bhaṭṭārikā-mahādevyām utpanno mahārājādhirāja-śrī-śarvvavarmmā <lb n="7" />tasya puttras tatpādānuddhyāta <unclear>indra</unclear>-bhaṭṭārikā-mahādevyām utpanna<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> parama-māheśvaro <lb n="8" />mahārājādhirāja-śrī-<unclear>avantivarmmā</unclear> maukhariḥ<supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>

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Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
First reported and edited in #Vats_1947-48.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
I.B.5
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<title>Sohnag Seal Inscription of Avantivarman</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00148</idno>
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<msName>Sohnag Clay Seal of Avantivarman</msName>
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<repository>unknown</repository>
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<objectDesc>
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<material>clay / terracotta</material>
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<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
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<height>18.5</height>
<depth>6.6</depth>
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<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>An imperfectly fired clay seal, oval in shape. The inscribed impression is sunk slightly below the surface. The upper part, about one third, shows a bull decorated with a garland and walking to the proper right; there is an umbrella above it. In front of the bull walks a man carrying an axe and a standard with a cakra on top; his face is turned back toward the bull. Behind the bull another man carries a smaller axe and what may be a cāmara or a driver's stick or whip. The device part is very similar, but not identical, to that on the seals of Śarvavarman (%OB00131, %OB00132, %OB00133). Between the emblem and the inscribed lower part there is a single horizontal line, the do not seem to turn upward on the photograph. The reverse is convex, irregular, and "shows a hole in the thickness just below the inscription for attachment, even as seals were attached to land grants" (#Vats_1947-48:63). Could this be a string hole?</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>13</width>
<height>15</height>
</dimensions>
<p>Eight lines of text. Character size estimated.</p>
</layout>
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</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm">0.5</height>
<p>northern class, late Gupta</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace />
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Found in 1945 by a villager digging in a field, in Sohnag (26.260444, 83.910445, Gorakhpur District, UP). Studied in the original by M. S. Vats in 1946.</p>
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<lb n="1" />catus-samudrātikkrānta-kīrttiḥ pratāpānurāgopanatānya-rāj<choice><sic>ā</sic><corr>o</corr></choice>
varṇṇāśrama-vyavastḥāpana-pravṛtta-<lb n="2" />cakkraś cakkradhara iva prajānām artti-haraḥ śrī-mah<unclear>ā</unclear>rāja-harivarmm<unclear>ā</unclear> tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto ja<lb break="no" n="3" />yasvāminī-bhaṭṭārikā-devyām utpannaḥ
śrī-mahārājādityavarmmā tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto <sic>jayasvāminī</sic>-<lb n="4" />bhaṭṭārikā-devyām utpannaḥ śrī-mahārājeśvaravarmmā tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāta upaguptā-bhaṭṭārikā-<lb n="5" />devyām utpanno mahārājādhirāja-śrī-īśāna-varmmā tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto <lb n="6" />lakṣmīvatī-bhaṭṭārikā-mahādevyām utpanno mahārājādhirāja-śrī-śarvvavarmmā <lb n="7" />tasya puttras tatpādānuddhyāta <unclear>indra</unclear>-bhaṭṭārikā-mahādevyām utpanna<supplied reason="omitted">ḥ</supplied> parama-māheśvaro <lb n="8" />mahārājādhirāja-śrī-<unclear>avantivarmmā</unclear> maukhariḥ<supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>

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