The South Asia Inscriptions Database

Nalanda Seal Legend 1 of Kumaragupta II

8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated from photo.

Object URI
OB00048
Inscription URI
IN00053

Basic Metadata

Extent
7 cm width x 5 cm height
Decoration
None.
Language
Sanskrit
Script
northern class; mixed features of southern and eastern Gupta style
Reigning Monarch
Kumāragupta II
Date (min)
470
Date (max)
515
Date comments
Basis of dating: approximate reign of Kumāragupta II (III?).
Toggle Width
Toggle Edition Styling
Diplomatic Edition
Edition
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<title>Nalanda Seal Legend 1 of Kumaragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
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<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00053</idno>
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<msIdentifier>
<msName>Nalanda Clay Seal 1 of Kumaragupta II</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00048</idno>
<repository>probably in the Archaeological Museum, Nalanda</repository>
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<physDesc>
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<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>clay / terracotta</material>
<objectType>seal / fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>9</width>
<height>11.5</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
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<p>Impression of an oval seal, clearly marked by a border. The upper field (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an effigy of Garuḍa facing front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled aroung his neck. A circle and a crescent - probably the Sun and the Moon, but possibly a cakra and a śaṅkha - appear in the field to his proper right and left respectively. See #Bhandarkar_1981:356 for some more details. This first specimen is intact and quite well preserved, but smaller in size and executed less expertly than the other specimen (%OB00049).</p>
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<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>7</width>
<height>5</height>
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<p>8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated from photo.</p>
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<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class; mixed features of southern and eastern Gupta style</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
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<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Nālandā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1927-28 during the excavation of Monastery site 1 at Nālandā along with %OB00034, %OB00044, %OB00046, %OB00047, %OB00049 and %OB00052. All these seals are clay impressions that seem to have been baked accidentally in a monastery fire.</p>
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<lb n="1" />
sa<unclear>r</unclear>vva-r<unclear>ā</unclear>jocch<unclear>e</unclear>ttuf pṛthivyām apratirathasya mahārāja-śrī-gupta-prapauttrasya ma<unclear>h</unclear>ār<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-gha<unclear>ṭ</unclear>otka<unclear>ca-p</unclear>au<unclear>ttrasya mahā</unclear><lb break="no" n="2" />rājādhirāja-ś<unclear>r</unclear>ī-candragupta-puttrasya licchavi-dauhittrasya mahādevyāṃ kumāradevyām utpannasya mahārājādhirāja-<lb n="3" /><unclear>śrī-sa</unclear>mudraguptsya puttras tat-parigṛhīto mahādevyān dattadevyām utpannas s<unclear>va</unclear>yaṃ cāpratirathaf parama<unclear>bh</unclear>āga<lb break="no" n="4" /><unclear>vato ma</unclear>hārājādhir<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-candrag<unclear>u</unclear>ptas tasya puttras <unclear>ta</unclear>t-p<unclear>ā</unclear>d<unclear>ā</unclear>nudh<unclear>y</unclear>āto mahādevyāṃ dhruvadevyām utpanno mah<unclear>ā</unclear>rā<lb break="no" n="5" />jādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptas ta<unclear>s</unclear>ya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyām anantadevyām utpanno mahā<lb break="no" n="6" />r<unclear>ā</unclear>jādhirāja-śrī-puruguptas tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāt<unclear>o</unclear> mahādevyāṃ śrī-candradevyām utpann<unclear>o</unclear> mahā<lb break="no" n="7" />rājādhirāja-śrī-narasiṃhagup<unclear>ta</unclear>s tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahā- devyāṃ śrī-<unclear>m</unclear>ittrade<lb break="no" n="8" /><unclear>vyā</unclear>m u<unclear>tpanna</unclear>f parama-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>

</div></body>
</text>
</TEI>
Bibliographic Information (view/hide)
Bibliography description
Briefly noticed in #Sastri_1931-32:77 (postscript). Described and edited in #Sastri_1942:65-67. A detail corrected by N. P. #Chakravarti in ARASI_1934-35:63.
Inscription Concordance
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
45
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
42
Concordance Item
Concordance Item Number
271-273
Images (view/hide)
XML Plain
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<titleStmt>
<title>Nalanda Seal Legend 1 of Kumaragupta II</title>
<editor>Dániel Balogh</editor>
</titleStmt>
<publicationStmt>
<authority>Siddham - The South Asia Inscriptions Database</authority>
<idno type="siddham_inscription_identifier">IN00053</idno>
</publicationStmt>
<sourceDesc>
<msDesc>
<msIdentifier>
<msName>Nalanda Clay Seal 1 of Kumaragupta II</msName>
<idno type="siddham_object_identifier">OB00048</idno>
<repository>probably in the Archaeological Museum, Nalanda</repository>
</msIdentifier>
<physDesc>
<objectDesc>
<supportDesc>
<support>
<material>clay / terracotta</material>
<objectType>seal / fragment</objectType>
<extent>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>9</width>
<height>11.5</height>
<depth />
</dimensions>
<measure type="weight" unit="gram">not available</measure>
</extent>
<p>Impression of an oval seal, clearly marked by a border. The upper field (slightly less than half of the whole and separated from the inscription by a double line) bears an effigy of Garuḍa facing front, with outspread wings. He has a human face with thick lips and a Vaiṣṇava mark on his forehead. A hooded snake is coiled aroung his neck. A circle and a crescent - probably the Sun and the Moon, but possibly a cakra and a śaṅkha - appear in the field to his proper right and left respectively. See #Bhandarkar_1981:356 for some more details. This first specimen is intact and quite well preserved, but smaller in size and executed less expertly than the other specimen (%OB00049).</p>
</support>
</supportDesc>
<layoutDesc>
<layout>
<dimensions unit="cm">
<width>7</width>
<height>5</height>
</dimensions>
<p>8 lines of text, fully preserved. Campus size estimated from photo.</p>
</layout>
</layoutDesc>
</objectDesc>
<handDesc>
<height unit="cm" />
<p>northern class; mixed features of southern and eastern Gupta style</p>
</handDesc>
<decoDesc>
<p>None.</p>
</decoDesc>
</physDesc>
<history>
<origin>
<origPlace>Nālandā</origPlace>
<origDate />
</origin>
<p>Discovered in 1927-28 during the excavation of Monastery site 1 at Nālandā along with %OB00034, %OB00044, %OB00046, %OB00047, %OB00049 and %OB00052. All these seals are clay impressions that seem to have been baked accidentally in a monastery fire.</p>
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<text>
<body>
<div type="edition" xml:lang="san-Latn"><p>
<lb n="1" />
sa<unclear>r</unclear>vva-r<unclear>ā</unclear>jocch<unclear>e</unclear>ttuf pṛthivyām apratirathasya mahārāja-śrī-gupta-prapauttrasya ma<unclear>h</unclear>ār<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-gha<unclear>ṭ</unclear>otka<unclear>ca-p</unclear>au<unclear>ttrasya mahā</unclear><lb break="no" n="2" />rājādhirāja-ś<unclear>r</unclear>ī-candragupta-puttrasya licchavi-dauhittrasya mahādevyāṃ kumāradevyām utpannasya mahārājādhirāja-<lb n="3" /><unclear>śrī-sa</unclear>mudraguptsya puttras tat-parigṛhīto mahādevyān dattadevyām utpannas s<unclear>va</unclear>yaṃ cāpratirathaf parama<unclear>bh</unclear>āga<lb break="no" n="4" /><unclear>vato ma</unclear>hārājādhir<unclear>ā</unclear>ja-śrī-candrag<unclear>u</unclear>ptas tasya puttras <unclear>ta</unclear>t-p<unclear>ā</unclear>d<unclear>ā</unclear>nudh<unclear>y</unclear>āto mahādevyāṃ dhruvadevyām utpanno mah<unclear>ā</unclear>rā<lb break="no" n="5" />jādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptas ta<unclear>s</unclear>ya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahādevyām anantadevyām utpanno mahā<lb break="no" n="6" />r<unclear>ā</unclear>jādhirāja-śrī-puruguptas tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāt<unclear>o</unclear> mahādevyāṃ śrī-candradevyām utpann<unclear>o</unclear> mahā<lb break="no" n="7" />rājādhirāja-śrī-narasiṃhagup<unclear>ta</unclear>s tasya puttras tat-pādānuddhyāto mahā- devyāṃ śrī-<unclear>m</unclear>ittrade<lb break="no" n="8" /><unclear>vyā</unclear>m u<unclear>tpanna</unclear>f parama-bhāgavato mahārājādhirāja-śrī-kumāraguptaḥ<supplied reason="omitted">||</supplied>
</p>

</div></body>
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